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Ballads, shape note singing, bluegrass, gospel, country, old-timey, families and artists, dulcimer and fiddle, dancing and clogging.

Adler, Thomas A.  2011.  Bean Blossom: The Brown County Jamboree and Bill Monroe’s Bluegrass Festivals [Ind.].  Music in American Life series.  Urbana: University of Illinois Press.  239 pp.  Contents: Brown County history and roots -- Origins of the Brown County Jamboree (1939-1941) -- The Rund Family’s Brown County Jamboree (1941-1951) -- Bill Monroe’s Brown County Jamboree Park (1952-1957) -- Survivals, revivals, and arrivals (1958-1966) -- Building the festivals (1967-1968) -- The festival becomes a landmark (1969-1971) -- The festival’s golden age (1972-1982) -- Festival people and lore -- Bill and James Monroe’s festival park (1983-1997) -- Renaissance, continuity, and change (1998 and after).

Ahrens, Frank.  2002.  “Music at Bill’s Pickin Parlor in the South Carolina Midlands.”  In American Musical Traditions. Vol. 3, British Isles Music, ed. J. Titon and B. Carlin, 138-141.  New York: Schirmer Reference.

Ahrens, Pat J.  2007.  “David Deese: From Blue Grass Boy to Briarhopper” [banjo; Rowan Co., N.C.].  Bluegrass Unlimited 42, no. 6 (December): 44-48.

Ahrens, Pat.  2001.  “Fiddlin’ Charlie Bowman: A 1920s East Tennessee Champion” [1889-1962; played with the Hill Billies -- 1925 origin of the word “hillbilly” acc. to Bill Malone].  Bluegrass Unlimited 36 (December): 32-35.

Akenson, James E.  2005.  “Country Music: A Teaching Tool for Dealing with War.”  In Country Music Goes to War, ed. C. Wolfe and J. Akenson, 227-247.  Lexington, Ky.: University Press of Kentucky.

Akenson, James.  2003.  “Teaching About Women in Country Music” [strategies: elementary school through college].  In The Women of Country Music: A Reader, ed. C. Wolfe and J. Akenson, 202-226.  Lexington: University Press of Kentucky.

Alden, Grant, and Peter Blackstock, ed.  2005.  The Best of No Depression: Writing About American Music [country musicians: biography].  Brad and Michele Moore Roots Music Series.  Austin: University of Texas Press.  288 pp.  [Contents: Not just another band from East L.A.: Los Lobos / Geoffrey Himes -- The true believer: Alejandro Escovedo / Peter Blackstock -- Ain’t life grand: Jon Dee Graham / Peter Blackstock -- When the fallen angels fly: Billy Joe Shaver / Grant Alden -- Outlaw blues: Ray Wylie Hubbard / John T. Davis -- Road more: the Flatlanders / Don McLeese -- Burning memories: Ray Price / David Cantwell -- The music came up from his soul: Johnny Gimble / Bill C. Malone -- The man in black and white and every shade in between: Johnny Cash / Bill Friskics-Warren -- The long journey home: Rosanne Cash / Lloyd Sachs -- Happy woman blues: Lucinda Williams / Silas House -- Hearts on fire: Buddy and Julie Miller / Bill Friskics-Warren -- Sweet emotion: Kasey Chambers / Geoffrey Himes -- Make me wanna holler: Loretta Lynn / Barry Mazor -- Down from the mountain: Patty Loveless / Bill Friskics-Warren -- A simple path: Kieran Kane / Peter Cooper -- Horse of a different color: Paul Burch / Jim Ridley -- Coal miner’s sister: Hazel Dickens / Bill Friskics-Warren -- Quicksilver girl: Gillian Welch / Grant Alden -- Go your own way: Ryan Adams / Dave Menconi -- World wide open: Jay Farrar / Peter Blackstock -- Outside the wall: the Jayhawks / Erik Flannigan -- In through the out door: Wilco / Paul Cantin -- Rocking tall: the Drive-by Truckers / Grant Alden -- A life of quiet inspiration: Iron & Wine / William Bowers].

Alden, Ray.  2009.  “Trends in Old-Time Banjo Playing Part 4” [eastern Ky.].  Old-Time Herald 12, no. 2 (December 2009-January 2010).  http://oldtimeherald.org/archive/back_issues/volume-12/12-2/banjo.html.

Allen, Bob.  2012.  “Historic Jonesborough Bluegrass Series: The Latest Installment in a Rich Regional Musical Heritage” [Tenn.].  Bluegrass  Unlimited 47, no. 2 (August): 38-40.  Not affiliated with ETSU’s bluegrass program, but there is a “good synergistic relationship” between the two.

Allen, Danny W.  2002.  “Postcards and the Promotion of Early Country Music Artists.”  In Country Music Annual 2002, ed. C. Wolfe and J. Akenson, 117-129.  Lexington: University Press of Kentucky.

Allen, Lucy.  1998.  “Alexander County First Sunday Singing Convention” [N.C.; begun in 1946].  North Carolina Folklore Journal 45 (Summer-Fall): 122-123.

Allen, Ray.  2010.  Gone to the Country: The New Lost City Ramblers and the Folk Music Revival [1950s-1970s].  Urbana: University of Illinois Press.  309 pp.

Alvey, R. Gerald.  [1984] 2003.  Dulcimer Maker: The Craft of Homer Ledford [master craftsman, musician, and folk artist].  Reprint, with an introduction by Ron Pen.  Lexington: University Press of Kentucky.  197 pp.

Anderson-Green, Paula Hathaway.  2002.  A Hot Bed of Musicians: Traditional Music in the Upper New River Valley-Whitetop Region [Blue Ridge Va./N.C.].  Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press.  264 pp.

Archer, Bill.  2010.  “On the Trail of the Lonesome Pine Fiddlers.”  Goldenseal: West Virginia Traditional Life 36, no. 2 (Summer): 40-46.  Influential bluegrass band from Mingo Co., played from 1938 to 1963 and included cousins Ezra Cline, Ireland “Lazy Ned” Cline, and Ray “Curly Ray” Cline.

Arnold, Byron, comp.  2004.  An Alabama Songbook: Ballads, Folksongs, and Spirituals [258 songs, words and music transcribed, collected in the mid-1940s]. Collected by Byron Arnold [1901-1971], edited with an introduction by Robert W. Halli, Jr.  Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press.  299 pp.

Arnold, Chip.  2006.  “‘Bob Taylor’s March’ from Will Keys.”  Old-Time Herald 10, no. 3 (February). Online, with sound clip.  http://www.oldtimeherald.org/archive/back_issues/volume-10/10-3/workshop.html.

Arrants, Julia.  2001.  “In Search of the Frog’s Raccoon” [Appalachian variants of “A Frog Went A-Courtin’”].  North Carolina Folklore Journal 48 (Spring/Summer-Fall/Winter): 68-79.

Bailey, Chip.  2002.  “The Albert Hash Memorial Band: Preserving a Sense of Place at Mt. Rogers School” [Grayson Co., Va.; Carter Fold, Hiltons, Va.].  Old-Time Herald Online 8, no. 2 (Winter): 13 para.  http://www.oldtimeherald.org/pages/eissues.htm.

Baldwin, Lisa, Leila Weinstein, and Emily Schaad.  2010.  “Eric Ellis: Wilkes County Banjo Player, Bearer of Bluegrass Traditions, and Teacher” [2010 Brown-Hudson Folklore Award winner; b. 1958].  North Carolina Folklore Journal 57, no. 2 (Fall-Winter): 4-7.

Barnett, Janice Willis.  2007.  “Song for a Salve” [ballad and gospel singer Analo Phillips, Madison Co., N.C.].  Now and Then: The Appalachian Magazine 23, no. 2 (Fall/Winter): 53-56.

Barry, Dan.  2012.  “For Patsy Cline’s Hometown, An Embrace That Took Decades” [d. 1963; Winchester, Va.].  New York Times, 24 December, 12(A).  1,326 words.  The city renovated her old Kent Street house and opened it to the public.

Bass, Rick.  2007.  “The Lives of the Browns” [country music; 1934 Tulip Creek, Ark.].  Southern Review 43, no. 4 (Autumn): 790-805.

Battiata, Mary.  2001.  “A High and Lonesome Sound” [Hazel Dickens, biographical profile; NEA National Heritage Fellowship award winner].  Washington Post Magazine, 24 June, W8+.

Bealle, John.  1997.  Public Worship, Private Faith: Sacred Harp and American Folksong.  Athens: University of Georgia Press.  308 pp.

Bealle, John.  2002.  “New Strings on the ‘Old Harp’: The 1991 Revision of The Sacred Harp.”  In American Musical Traditions. Vol. 3, British Isles Music, ed. J. Titon and B. Carlin, 71-82.  New York: Schirmer Reference.

Beckworth, Josh.  2006.  “Bluegrass Pioneer: J. C. Kemp and the Musical Progression Toward Bluegrass in Ashe County” [banjoist and roofer; 1920s-present].  North Carolina Folklore Journal 53, no. 2 (Fall-Winter): 36-48.

Beisswenger, Drew.  2002.  Fiddling Way Out Yonder: The Life and Music of Melvin Wine [1909-2003; Braxton Co., W.Va. old-time fiddler].  American Made Music Series.  Jackson: University Press of Mississippi.  230 pp.

Beisswenger, Drew.  2003.  “Melvin Wine—Playing for the Boatman” [W.Va. fiddler; 1909-2003].  Old-Time Herald Online 9, no. 1 (Fall).  http://www.oldtimeherald.org/archive/back_issues/volume-9/9-1/playing-for-boatman.html.

Beisswenger, Drew.  2006.  “Gordon McCann: The Improbable Ascent of the Ozarks Fiddle Man.”  Old-Time Herald 10, no. 4 (April-May).  http://www.oldtimeherald.org/archive/back_issues/volume-10/10-4/gordon-mcann.html.

Beley, Gene, and Johnny Cash.  2005.  “Folsom Prison Blues” [recounts Cash’s 1968 Folsom State Prison performance].  Photographs by Dan Poush.  Virginia Quarterly Review 81, no. 1 (Winter): 218-227.

Bell, Sara Jane.  2010.  “Alice Gerrard: Traditional Musician and Music Scholar” [2010 Brown-Hudson Folklore Award winner; b. 1934].  North Carolina Folklore Journal 57, no. 2 (Fall-Winter): 13-18.  Among  her many accomplishments, Gerrard performed with Hazel Dickens as a duo and she founded The Old-Time Music Herald in 1987; and she was married to Mike Seeger.

Bernhardt, Jack.  2003.  “Dedicated to the Memory of Tommy Thompson (1937-2003)” [banjoist, Red Clay Ramblers].  North Carolina Folklore Journal 50, no. 1-2 (Spring/Summer - Fall/Winter): 1-7.

Bernhardt, Jack.  2005.  “Alice Gerrard: With a Song in Her Heart” [Galax, Va.; recorded four albums with Hazel Dickens, 1965-1975; editor of The Old-Time Herald, 1987-2003; online photo album].  The Old-Time Herald 9, no. 8 (Summer).  http://www.oldtimeherald.org/archive/back_issues/volume-9/9-8/alice-gerrard.html.

Bernhardt, Jack.  2010.  “Carlton Haney (1928-2011).”  North Carolina Folklore Journal 57, no. 2 (Fall-Winter): 66-69.  Obituary: “Country and bluegrass music manager, promoter, record producer, and songwriter.”

Berrier, Ralph, Jr.  2010.  If Trouble Don’t Kill Me: A Family’s Story of Brotherhood, War, and Bluegrass.  New York: Crown Publishers.  292 pp.  Biography of twins Clayton Hall (1919-2003), and Saford Hall (1919-1999), Patrick County, Va., whose 1930s-40s bluegrass stardom was cut short by WWII.  See book review by Madelyn Rosenberg (Bluegrass Unlimited 45, no. 3: 38-41).

Berry, Chad, ed.  2008.  The Hayloft Gang: The Story of the National Barn Dance.  Foreword by Loyal Jones.  Music in American Life series.  Urbana: University of Illinois Press.  215 pp.  Country music radio program, 1930s-40s, WLS, Chicago.  Contents: Assessing the National Barn Dance / Chad Berry -- The rise of rural rhythm / Paul Tyler -- Music of the postwar era / Wayne W. Daniel -- Chicago as forgotten country music mecca / Lisa Krissoff Boehm -- Early broadcasting and radio audiences / Susan Smulyan -- Race and rural identity / Michael T. Bertrand -- Patriarchy and the Great Depression / Kristine McCusker -- Cowboys in Chicago / Don Cusic -- The National Folk Festival / Michael Ann Williams.

Bessman, Jim.  2002.  “Allison Krauss: Mountain Mama.”  Journal of Country Music 22 (no. 1): 10-16.

Bill Monroe Centennial Celebration.  2011.  Special issue, Bluegrass Unlimited 46, no. 3 (September): 30-58, plus cover photo.  Contents: “Bill Monroe at One Hundred: What Is His Legacy?” by Richard D. Smith, 30-35 | “Bill Monroe’s First Days on Earth,” by Tom Ewing, 38-40 | “The Compleat Classic Blue Grass Boys Canon, 1945-1948: Twenty-Eight Songs or Over a Hundred? by Dick Bowden, 44-48 | “The Monroe Genealogy,” by Bob Carlin, 52-53 | “Meeting Bill Monroe,” by Jens Krüger, 56-58.

Bjorkman, Brent.  2004.  Film review of “Hazel Dickens–It’s Hard to Tell the Singer from the Song” [Produced and directed by Mimi Pickering. Whitesburg, Ky.: Appalshop Films, 2001.  61-minutes].  Oral History Review 31 (Summer/Fall): 85-88.

Black, Bob.  2002.  “Come Hither to Go Yonder: Playing Bluegrass with Bill Monroe. Part 1.”  Bluegrass Unlimited 36 (April): 60-65.

Black, Bob.  2005.  Come Hither to Go Yonder: Playing Bluegrass with Bill Monroe [1911-1996; banjoist].  Foreword by Neil V. Rosenberg.  Urbana: University of Illinois Press.  188 pp.

Blaustein, Richard.  2005.  “Before the Myth Was Born: Claude Grant of the Tenneva Ramblers Remembers Jimmie Rodgers.”  In The Bristol Sessions: Writings about the Big Bang of Country Music, ed. C. Wolfe and T. Olson, 161-171.  Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland.

Bledsoe, Tommy.  1999.  “Critters in Cyberspace: Old-Time Music on the Internet.”  Old-Time Herald Online 6, no. 8 (Summer).  http://www.oldtimeherald.org/pages/eissues.htm.

Boosinger, Laura.  2001.  “Luke Smathers, Mountain Swing Musician: A Biography” [Haywood Co. fiddler; d. 1997].  In May We All Remember Well: A Journal of the History & Cultures of Western North Carolina, Vol. 2, ed. R. S. Brunk, 214-239.  Asheville, N.C.: Robert S. Brunk Auction Services, Inc.

Boosinger, Laura.  2007.  “David Holt: Scholar, Performer, and Producer of Folklore Programs” [banjoist; Brown-Hudson Folklore Award winner].  North Carolina Folklore Journal 54, no. 2 (Fall-Winter): 18-21.

Boosinger, Laura.  2010.  “The Folk Heritage Committee” [2010 Community Traditions Award winner].  North Carolina Folklore Journal 57, no. 2 (Fall-Winter): 34-40.  This Asheville committee organizes and perpetuates the “longest continuing folk festival in America,” now in its 83rd year: the Mountain Dance and Folk Festival and The Shindig on the Green.

Boye, Gary R.  2002.  Review essay of Can’t You Hear Me Callin’: The Life of Bill Monroe, by Richard D. Smith (Little, Brown, 2000).  Appalachian Journal 29 (Spring): 377-383.

Brantley, Michael.  2009.  “Down on the Crooked Road” [Virginia’s heritage music trail].  Bluegrass Unlimited 43, no. 11 (May): 64-68.

Brantley, Michael.  2011.  “Doyle Lawson: Light on His Feet, Ready to Fly...Farther.”  Bluegrass Unlimited 45, no. 12 (June): 26-30.  Thirty-year career overview of the Kingsport, Tenn.-bred leader of the band, Quicksilver.

Breiding, Tom.  2009.  “Coming from West Virginia: An Interview with Songwriter Tom Breiding.”  By Jacob Strautmann.  Appalachian Journal 36, no. 3/4 (Spring/Summer): 242-246.

Bristol Sessions 1927-1928: The Big Bang of Country Music.  2009 [1927].  Hamburg, Germany: Bear Family Records.  Five CD sound disks, 41 artists, 124 tracks, 385 minutes, plus 120-page booklet by Ted Olson and Tony Russell which includes discography, program notes, song lyrics, essays, and photos.  Originally recorded by Ralph Peer of the Victor Talking Machine Company, at Bristol, Tenn.  Contents: CD 1.  The dying girl’s farewell -- Tell mother I will meet her (Ernest V. Stoneman, E. Kahle Brewer, Walter Mooney) -- The mountaineer’s courtship (Ernest V. Stoneman, Miss Irma Frost, Uncle Eck Dunford) -- Midnight on the stormy deep (Ernest V. Stoneman, Miss Irma Frost) -- Sweeping through the gates -- I know my name is there -- Are you washed in the blood? -- No more good-byes -- The resurrection (take 1) -- The resurrection (take 2) -- I am resolved (take 1) -- I am resolved (take 2) (Ernest V. Stoneman & his Dixie Mountaineers) -- I want to go where Jesus is -- Do, Lord, remember me -- Old ship of Zion -- Jesus getting us ready for that great day -- Happy in prison -- Don’t grieve after me (Ernest Phipps & his Holiness Quartet) -- What will I do, for my money’s all gone (Uncle Eck Dunford, Hattie Stoneman) -- The whip-poor-will’s song -- Skip to ma Lou, my darling (Uncle Eck Dunford) -- Barney McCoy (Uncle Eck Dunford, Ernest Stoneman) -- Old time corn shuckin’, part 1 -- Old time corn shuckin’, part 2 (Blue Ridge Corn Shuckers) --  CD 2.  The jealous sweetheart (take 1) -- The jealous sweetheart (take 2) -- A passing policeman -- Just a message from Carolina (Johnson Brothers) -- The wreck of the Virginian (take 1) -- The wreck of the Virginian (take 2) -- I mean to live for Jesus -- You must unload -- Walking in the way with Jesus (take 1) -- Walking in the way with Jesus (take 2) (Blind Alfred Reed) -- Two brothers are we -- The soldier’s poor little boy (Johnson Brothers with Tennessee Wildcats) -- I want to see my mother (ten thousand miles away) (Johnson Brothers) -- Pot liquor blues -- Narrow gauge blues (El Watson) -- Cold penitentiary blues -- Oh Molly dear -- Pretty Polly -- Darling Cora (B. F. Shelton) -- Called to the foreign field -- I am bound for the promised land -- Where we'll never grow old -- When they ring the golden bells -- To the work (Alfred G. Karnes) -- Train on the island -- Black-eyed Susie (J. P. Nester) -- Johnny Goodwin (Bull Mountain Moonshiners) --  CD 3.  Bury me under the weeping willow -- Little log cabin by the sea -- The poor orphan child -- The storms are on the ocean -- Single girl, married girl -- The wandering boy (The Carter Family) -- Remember me, O mighty one -- I'm redeemed (Alcoa Quartet) -- Henry Whitter’s fox chase -- Rain crow bill; (Henry Whitter) -- Big bend gal -- Suzanna gal -- Sandy River belle (take 1) -- Sandy River belle (take 2) -- Billy Grimes, the rover; (The Shelor Family) -- The Newmarket wreck -- On the banks of the sunny Tennessee (Mr. & Mrs. J. W. Baker) -- The soldier’s sweetheart -- Sleep baby sleep (Jimmie Rodgers -- The longest train I ever saw -- Sweet heaven when I die -- Miss ‘Liza, poor gal (Tenneva Ramblers) -- Greasy string -- Your blue eyes run me crazy (West Virginia Coon Hunters) -- Standing on the promises -- At the river (Tennessee Mountaineers) -- CD 4.  My name is Ticklish Reuben -- Way down in Alabama (Smyth County Ramblers) -- Do not wait ‘till I’m laid ‘neath the clay -- The days of my childhood plays -- We shall all be reunited (Alfred G. Karnes) -- If the light has gone out in your soul -- Went up in the clouds of heaven -- I know that Jesus set me free -- Shine on me -- Bright tomorrow -- A little talk with Jesus (Ernest Phipps & his Holiness Singers) -- I cannot be your sweetheart -- Three black sheep (Howard, Peak (the Blind Musicians)) -- Good-night darling -- Little bunch of roses (Clarence Greene) -- The broken-hearted lover (The Stoneman Family -- Angeline, the baker -- Old shoes and leggin’s (Uncle Eck Dunford) -- We parted by the riverside (The Stoneman Family) -- Down to Jordan and be saved -- There’s a light lit up in Galilee (Ernest Stoneman’s Dixie Mountaineers) -- Going up the mountain after liquor (part 1) -- Going up the mountain after liquor (part 2) -- The spanish merchant’s daughter -- Too late; (The Stoneman Family) --  CD 5.  I’ll be happy -- Like the rainbow -- Because I love him -- Come to the savior -- Do your best, then wear a smile -- We shall reach home (The Stamps Quartet) -- My mother is waiting for me in heaven above -- She has climbed the golden stair (Smith Brothers) -- We'll sing on that shore -- Singing the story of grace -- Help me to find the way -- He’ll be with me (The Palmer Sisters) -- Brownie blues -- Unknown blues (Tarter & Gay) -- Where is my mamma? -- When you go a’courtin’ -- I sat upon the river bank -- New Orleans is the town I like best -- She tells me that I am sweet -- Mr. Brown, here I come (Carolina Twins) -- I truly understand, you love another man -- My mother’s hands (Shortbuckle Roark & Family).

Brooks, Julay L.  2012.  “Footprints in the Snow: The Intercontinental Journey of a Song.”  Old-Time Herald 13, no. 4.  Traces the history of the song made famous by Bill Monroe, and includes ten audio clips of the song, 1931-1980, plus downloadable appendices: Songs that Aren’t Footprints in the Snow; Discography; Acknowledgements and Footnotes.

Brown, Paul.  2009.  “Mike Seeger: An Appreciation” [d. 2009; age 77].  Old-Time Herald 12, no. 1 (October-November).  2795 words.  http://oldtimeherald.org/archive/back_issues/volume-12/12-1/seeger.html.

Browning, Linda Myers, and Donna McGuire Tanner.  2009.  “Night Riders On the Air.”

Goldenseal: West Virginia Traditional Life 35, no. 1 (Spring): 28-29.  The Night Riders country music band performed all over the state in the 1950s including Saturdays on WOAY in Oak Hill.

Buckingham, Bob.  2007.  “Spring Fed Records: An Interview with Evan Hatch” [Arts Center of Cannon Co., Tenn.].  Old-Time Herald 10, no. 10 (April-May).  http://oldtimeherald.org/archive/back_issues/volume-10/10-10/springfed.html.

Buckingham, Robert.  2005.  “Footmad Fall Fling” [Fayetteville, W.Va., festival; Friends of Old Time Music and Dance (FOOTMAD)].  Bluegrass Unlimited 40 (July): 56-59.

Buford, Kate.  2006.  “Don Stover: It Was a Beautiful Sound” [with the Lilly Brothers; banjo].  Bluegrass Unlimited 41, no. 2 (August): 52-56.

Bufwack, Mary A., and Robert K. Oermann.  2003.  Finding Her Voice: Women in Country Music, 1800-2000.  Nashville: Country Music Foundation Press: Vanderbilt University Press. 607 pp. [The Spirit of the mountains: women in American folk music -- Southern sentiments: country females in nineteenth-century show business -- Single girl, married girl: The Carter Family and the birth of country music recording -- The National Barn Dance: country women, radio, and the Great Depression -- Hungry disgusted blues: women in protest -- Hollywood hayride: country music women in WWII -- Honky-tonk girl: Kitty Wells and her postwar sisters -- All-day sing: women and Southern gospel music -- Rockabilly women: let’s have a party -- The Nashville sound: Patsy Cline and the Grand Ole Opry -- The Folk revival: Come all ye fair and tender maidens -- You’re lookin’ at country: Loretta Lynn and working-class pride -- The Heroines of heartbreak: Tammy Wynette and traditional values -- Just because I’m a woman: Dolly Parton and her savvy sisters -- Hollywood Tennessee: Barbara Mandrell and the show queens of country music -- Back to country: Emmylou Harris and the country-rock fusion -- Little darlin’s not my name: women in bluegrass -- Eighties ladies and beyond: images for modern times -- Meeting the millennium: female country triumphs].

Bull, Debby.  2000.  Hillbilly Hollywood: The Origins of Country & Western Style, Featuring the Vintage Costume Collection of Marty Stuart [pictorial; 1930s-50s].  New York: Rizzoli.  105 pp.

Burrell, Brett.  2002.  “Breakin’ Down Down Yonder in the Wildwood Flowers: An Interview with Brett Burrell” [buck dancing; Tenn.].  By Kasie Hicks.  Foxfire Magazine 36 (Fall/Winter): 112-118.

Burton, Tom, and Ambrose Manning.  1997.  “A Checklist of Child Ballad Variants Found in Southern Appalachia” [spreadsheets; bibliography].  Tennessee Folklore Society Bulletin 58 (no.3): 102-116.

Burton, Tom.  1997.  “The Lion’s Share: Scottish Ballads in Southern Appalachia” [English, Scottish, and variants].  Tennessee Folklore Society Bulletin 58 (no.3): 95-101.

Cahan, Andy.  2002.  “Adam Manly Reece: An Early Banjo Player of Grayson County, Virginia.”  In American Musical Traditions. Vol. 3, British Isles Music, ed. J. Titon and B. Carlin, 87-93.  New York: Schirmer Reference.

Campbell, Gavin James.  1997.  “‘Old Can Be Used Instead of New’: Shape-Note Singing and the Crisis of Modernity in the New South, 1880-1920.”  Journal of American Folklore 110 (Spring): 169-188.

Campbell, Gavin James.  2004.  “The Georgia Old-Time Fiddling Contest” [Atlanta; 1913-1930s].  Chap. 3 in Music and the Making of a New South, 100-142.  Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.

Campbell, Mark.  2009.  “An Interview with Mark Campbell.”  By Laura Chessin.  Old-Time Herald 12, no. 1 (October-November).  Master Fiddler; Va.; champion, collector, mentor.  http://oldtimeherald.org/archive/back_issues/volume-12/12-1/campbell.html.

Cantwell, Robert.  [1984] 2003.  Bluegrass Breakdown: The Making of the Old Southern Sound.  Reprint, with a new preface.  Music in American Life.  Urbana: University of Illinois Press.  308 pp.

Cardwell, Nancy.  2001.  “I’m on My Way to the Old Home: The Bill Monroe Bluegrass Music Foundation” [Rosine, Ky., restoration].  Bluegrass Unlimited 36 (November): 22-26.

Cardwell, Nancy.  2008.  “Appalshop’s WMMT: Voice of the Hillbilly Nation.”  Bluegrass Unlimited 43, no. 6 (December): 44-48.  Whitesburg, Ky., 88.7 FM.

Cardwell, Nancy.  2010.  “Jesse McReynolds: Rounds Eighty Years with Renewed Energy and Inspiration” [b. 1929; Virginia Boys band; mandolin].  Bluegrass Unlimited 45, no. 1 (July): 22-26.

Carlin, Bob.  2004.  “Alan Lomax: The 1937 Kentucky Field Recordings” [228 12-inch disc recordings of ballads, fiddle and banjo tunes].  Bluegrass Unlimited 38 (May): 68-72.

Carlin, Bob.  2007.  “Helton Brothers/J.D. Harris Discography” [1924-1941].  Old-Time Herald 10, no. 10 (April-May).  http://oldtimeherald.org/archive/back_issues/volume-10/10-10/heltons-discography.html.

Carlin, Bob.  2007.  “Whip the Devil ‘Round the Stump: More Stories from the Helton Brothers” [Cherokee ancestry and influence; N.C.].  Old-Time Herald 10, no. 10 (April-May).  Online with sound clip.  http://oldtimeherald.org/archive/back_issues/volume-10/10-10/heltons.html.

Carlin, Bob.  2008.  “Charlie Monroe: The 1930s and 1940s.”  Bluegrass Unlimited 42, no. 12 (June): 54-59.  Guitarist and elder brother of Bill Monroe.

Carlin, Bob.  2008.  “Fiddlin’ Bill and the Taylors of Tennessee.”  Old-Time Herald 11, no. 4 (April-May).  Nathaniel Greene Taylor (1819-1887), Alfred A. Taylor (1848-1932) and Robert Love Taylor (1850-1912); Watauga River Valley.  http://www.oldtimeherald.org/archive/back_issues/volume-11/11-4/taylors.html.

Carlin, Bob.  2008.  “The Life and Music of Fiddlin’ Bill Hensley.”  Old-Time Herald 11, no. 4 (April-May): online, with two sound clips.  Mountain fiddler (1898-1969), Asheville, N.C.  http://www.oldtimeherald.org/archive/back_issues/volume-11/11-4/hensley.html.

Carlin, Bob.  2010.  “Don Walker: North Carolina Bluegrass Music Pioneer” [b. 1917; guitar].  Bluegrass Unlimited 45, no. 1 (July): 42-46.

Carlin, Richard, and Bob Carlin.  2000.  Southern Exposure: The Story of Southern Music in Pictures and Words [1850s to WWII].  New York: Watson-Guptill Publications.  160 pp.

Carney, George O.  1996.  “Western North Carolina: Culture Hearth of Bluegrass Music.”  Journal of Cultural Geography 16 (Fall/Winter): 65-87.

Carr, Patrick.  2002.  “Johnny Cash: The Spirit Is Willing” [interview].  Journal of Country Music 22 (no. 3): 16-23.

Carter, Sandy.  2000.  “Wild and Blue: The Politics of Country Music” [broad survey].  Southern Exposure 28 (Spring/Summer): 54-57.

Carter, Tom.  [1977] 2005.  “The Blackard-Shelor Story: Biography of a Hillbilly String Band.”  In The Bristol Sessions: Writings about the Big Bang of Country Music, ed. C. Wolfe and T. Olson, 87-94.  Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland.  Reprinted from Old Time Music 24 (Spring).

Casbarro, Chris Ryan.  2008.  “A Fiddler’s Tale: An Interview with Chris Ryan Casbarro.”  By Abby Thompson.  Foxfire Magazine 42, no. 3-4 (Fall-Winter): 13-22.  First-place winner, 2007 Georgia State Fiddlers Convention, Hiawassee, Ga.

Cash, John Carter.  2007.  Anchored in Love: An Intimate Portrait of June Carter Cash [by her son; 1929-2003].  Nashville, Tenn.: Thomas Nelson.  202 pp.

Cash, Johnny, and Patrick Carr.  1997.  Cash [his second autobiography].  San Francisco: Harper San Francisco.  310 pp.

Cash, Johnny, with Patrick Carr. 1997.  Cash: The Autobiography [with discography]. San Francisco, Calif.: HarperSanFrancisco.  310 pp.

Cauthen, Joyce H.  [1989] 2001.  With Fiddle and Well-Rosined Bow: A History of Old-Time Fiddling in Alabama.  Reprint.  Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press.  282 pp.

Cauthen, Joyce.  2002.  “‘A Peculiar Wiggling of the Bow’: Old-Time Fiddling in Alabama.”  In American Musical Traditions. Vol. 3, British Isles Music, ed. J. Titon and B. Carlin, 115-121.  New York: Schirmer Reference.

Chandler, Barbara.  2004.  “Why I Believe That Lloyd Chandler Wrote “Conversation with Death,” also Known as “O Death” [Madison Co., N.C.; c. 1916].  Journal of Folklore Research 41 (May-December): 127-132.

Chandler, Lloyd.  2004.  “Conversation with Death” [song lyrics, c. 1916; popularly titled “O Death”].  Journal of Folklore Research 41 (May-December): 125-126.

Ching, Barbara.  2001.  Wrong’s What I Do Best: Hard Country Music and Contemporary Culture.  New York: Oxford University Press.  186 pp.

Claypool, James C.  2010.  Kentucky’s Bluegrass Music [photo retrospective].  Charleston, S.C.: Arcadia.  127 pp.  Contents: The beginnings -- The 1940s and early 1950s -- The bluegrass revival’s formative years -- Keeping the faith -- The 1970s -- Classic and progressive bluegrass -- The 1980s -- Sustaining the momentum -- The modern bluegrass circuit in Kentucky -- The stars of today and tomorrow.

Clifton, Bill.  2009.  “Michael Seeger: August 15, 1933–August 7, 2009” [biographical profile and tribute].  Bluegrass Unlimited 44, no. 4 (October): 16.

Cline, Patsy.  1999.  Love Always, Patsy: Patsy Cline’s Letters to a Friend [transcripts of letters to Treva Miller Steinbicker, 1955-1959].  Compiled by Cindy Hazen and Mike Freeman.  New York: Berkley Books.  272 pp.

Cobb, Buell E.  [1978] 1989.  The Sacred Harp: A Tradition and Its Music.  Reprint.  Athens: University of Georgia Press.  245 pp.

Cobb, James C.  2008.  “Rednecks, White Socks, and Pina Coladas?: Country Music Ain’t What It Used to Be...And It Never Was.”  In Southern Cultures: The Fifteenth Anniversary Reader, ed. H. Watson and L. Griffin, 147-154.  Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.

Cockman, John E.  2012.  “The Cockman Family” [Catawba Co.].  North Carolina Folklore Journal 58, no. 2 (Fall-Winter): 23-26.  Winners of the 2011 Community Traditions Award, “the Cockman Family has preserved and presented old-time gospel hymns...for nearly 25 years.”

Cogswell, Robert G.  2001.  “Bob Douglas: In Memoriam” [1900-2001; renowned Chattanooga-area fiddler].  Tennessee Folklore Society Bulletin 60 (no. 1): 32-33.

Cogswell, Robert.  2012.  “Charlie Collins: A Life in Music” [1933-2012; Tenn. fiddler and guitar accompanist].  Bluegrass Unlimited 46, no. 11 (May): 50-54, plus “Charlie Collins Discography” of 57 recordings, 1968-1990.  Collins was a prominent session player and longtime sideman on the “Grand Ole Opry.”

Cohen, John.  1995.  “Naming the High Lonesome Sound.”  Bluegrass Unlimited 30 (December): 42-44.

Cohen, Ronald D.  2006.  “Agnes ‘Sis’ Cunningham and Labor Songs in the Depression South.”  Chap. 4 in Radicalism in the South since Reconstruction, ed. C. Green, R. Rubin, and J. Smethurst, 82-96.  New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Cohen, Ronald D.  2010.  Work and Sing: A History of Occupational and Labor Union Songs in the United States.  Crockett, Calif.: Carquinez Press.  190 pp.  Contents: The early decades -- African American songs -- Labor/union songs, part 1 -- The later 1930s and the war years -- The postwar years to 1960 -- Recent decades.

Cole, Ron.  2008.  “Essential Hillbilly Commercial Recordings on 78s.”  Old-Time Herald 11, no. 4 (April-May): online, with seven sound clips.  “Pre-war hillbilly,” 1920s-30s.  http://www.oldtimeherald.org/archive/back_issues/volume-11/11-4/78s.html.

Collett, Dexter.  2006.  “The Musicians of the Mine Wars (Part II)” [1930s-present; excerpt from The Rabble-Rousers of Bloody Harlan; bibliography].  Appalachian Heritage 34, no. 2 (Spring): 62-75.

Collett, Dexter.  2006.  “The Musicians of the Mine Wars (Part I)” [1920s-1930s; excerpt from a work in progress].  Appalachian Heritage 34, no. 2 (Spring): 72-81.

Conger, Bill.  2006.  “Bobby Osborne–On His Own” [Osborne Brothers].  Bluegrass Unlimited 41, no. 3 (September): 30-33.

Conger, Bill.  2012.  “A Salute to the Bluegrass Greats.”  Bluegrass Unlimited 46, no. 8 (February): 34-36.  Testimonials and music in memory of Bill Monroe (d. 1996) on the celebration of his 100th birthday.

Conway, Cece.  2006.  “Rites of Passage in the Life Story of Exceptional Mountain Fiddler Thomas Jefferson Jarrell” [1901-1985; N.C.].  Shenandoah: The Washington and Lee University Review 56, no. 2 (Fall): 108-127.

Conway, Cecelia.  1995.  African Banjo Echoes in Appalachia: A Study of Folk Traditions.  Publications of the American Folkore Society. New Series.  Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press.  394 pp.

Cordle, Joel.  2004.  “The Myers Sisters—Music from Apple Pie Ridge” [N.C., Ga.; ages 87, 84, 79].  Old-Time Herald 9, no. 4 (Summer).  http://www.oldtimeherald.org/archive/back_issues/.

Cox, Bob L.  2007.  Fiddlin’ Charlie Bowman: An East Tennessee Old-Time Music Pioneer and His Musical Family [1889-1962; 1920s-1950s].  Afterword by Archie Green.  Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press.  224 pp.

Cox, Bob.  2005.  “Ridin’ the Rails with Fiddlin’ Charlie Bowman” [1889-1962; “champion fiddler”; Gray Station, Tenn.; the Hill Billies; sound clip of “Donkey on the Railroad Track”].  The Old-Time Herald 9, no. 7 (Spring).  http://www.oldtimeherald.org/archive/back_issues/volume-9/9-7/charlie-bowman.html.

Crabtree, Mark.  2009.  “Hard Work and Music: Fiddler Elmer Rich” [b. 1919; Monongalia Co.].  Goldenseal: West Virginia Traditional Life 35, no. 3 (Fall): 44-49.  Sidebar: “Elmer Rich and ‘Colored Aristocracy’,” by Mike Seeger [tune recorded in 1936 for collector Charles Seeger].

Craver, Mike.  2003.  “Tommy Thompson: 1937-2003” [banjo player, singer, songwriter, and co-founder of the Red Clay Ramblers].  Sing Out! 47 (Summer): 222-223.

Crow, David.  2011.  “Kenneth Clayton Baker, June 26, 1926–July 8, 2011.”  Bluegrass Unlimited 46, no. 3 (September): 16.  Career overview of this esteemed Ky. fiddler who “played longer with Bill Monroe and the Blue Grass Boys than any other member.”

Cusic, Don.  2002.  “Politics and Country Music, 1963-1974” [discography by year].  In Country Music Annual 2002, ed. C. Wolfe and J. Akenson, 161-185.  Lexington: University Press of Kentucky.

Cutting, Jennifer.  2004.  “‘Goodness Gracious, It’s Good!’: The Martha White Flour Show Collection” [tapes of two 1968 shows featuring Lester Flatt and Earl Scruggs, Johnny Cash and the Carter Family, and Carl Perkins].  Folklife Center News (Library of Congress) 26, no. 4 (Fall): 3-4, cover photo.  http://www.loc.gov/folklife/news/news-text-fall2004.html.

Dabback, W. M.  2010.  “Exploring Communities of Music in Virginia’s Shenandoah Valley” [Rockingham Co.].  International Journal of Community Music 3, no. 2 (July): 213-228.

Dalsemer, Robert G.  [1982] 2001.  West Virginia Square Dances [Internet Edition; audiolinks].  http://www.cdss.org/publications/wvasquares/index.html.  Originally published: New York: Country Dance & Song Society of America, 85 pp.

Daniel, Harlan.  1999.  “78 RPM Recordings of Sacred Harp Songs: Preliminary Notes Contributing Towards a Numerical Check List” [1922-1934].  Tennessee Folklore Society Bulletin 59 (no. 1): 30-39.

Daniel, Harlan.  1999.  “From Shape Notes to Bank Notes: Milestones in the Evolution of White Gospel Music” [1640-1976].  Tennessee Folklore Society Bulletin 59 (no. 1): 26-29.

Daniel, Harlan.  1999.  “Peripheral American Hymnody: An Overview” [early Christian education, songs, hymnals].  Tennessee Folklore Society Bulletin 59 (no. 1): 9-25.

Daniel, Wayne W.  [1990] 2001.  Pickin’ on Peachtree: A History of Country Music in Atlanta, Georgia.  Music in American Life.  Reprint.  Urbana: University of Illinois Press.  295 pp.

Daniel, Wayne W.  1997.  “The Legacy of A. P. Carter: A Famous Singer, Arranger, and Song Preserver Who Might Have Been a Famous Fiddler.”  Devil’s Box 31 (Summer): 24-28.

Daniel, Wayne W.  1999.  “Fiddles, Fiddlers, and Fiddling in American Short Fiction.”  Tennessee Folklore Society Bulletin 59 (no. 2): 61-68.

Daniel, Wayne W.  2001.  “If You Think You’re ‘Drifting Too Far from the Shore,’ Maybe You should ‘Kneel at the Cross’: Such Might Have Been the Advice of Gospel Music Composer Charles E. Moody” [written 1923; Ga.; 1891-1977; discography, pp. 22-24].  Tennessee Folklore Society Bulletin 60 (no. 1): 14-24.

Daniel, Wayne W.  2002.  “Times Ain’t Like They Used to Be: Kentucky Pioneer Country Musician Curley Collins Remembered” [1915-1986; b. Catlettsburg, Ky.].  Bluegrass Unlimited 37 (August): 66-72.

Daniel, Wayne W.  2005.  “Hayloft Patriotism: The National Barn Dance during World War II” [radio broadcast on WLS, Chicago’s 50,000-watt station].  In Country Music Goes to War, ed. C. Wolfe and J. Akenson, 81-101.  Lexington, Ky.: University Press of Kentucky.

Davidson, Eric, and Jane Rigg.  2002.  “Uncle Wade: A Memorial to Uncle Wade Ward, Old-Time Virginia Banjo Picker” [1892-1971].  In American Musical Traditions. Vol. 3, British Isles Music, ed. J. Titon and B. Carlin, 94-100.  New York: Schirmer Reference.

Davis, Adda Leah.  2003.  “Dr. Ralph Stanley and A Journey of Faith” [interview; Primitive Baptist Church].  Appalachian Journal 30 (Winter-Spring): 204-211.

Davis, Don.  2012.  Nashville Steeler: My Life in Country Music.  Atglen, Pa.: Schiffer.  144 pp., with 100 photos.  “...true account of the rise of country music...told by a 1940s band musician, Don Davis, who became a music business executive and worked with all the Grand Ole Opry stars....over his sixty-year career.”

Dawidoff, Nicholas.  1997.  The Country of Country Music: A Journey to the Roots of American Music.  New York: Pantheon Books.  371 pp.  (Paperback reprint, New York: Vintage Books, 1998)

Decosimo, Joseph.  2006.  “Clint Kilgore: Fiddle Music from the Sequatchie Valley” [87 years old; Tenn.].  Old-Time Herald 10, no. 6 (August-September). http://www.oldtimeherald.org/archive/back_issues/volume-10/10-6/kilgore.html.

Deitz, Roger.  2009.  “Billy Edd Wheeler: Major Songwriting in a Miner’s Key.”  Sing Out! 52, no. 4 (Spring): 34-41.

Dicaire, David.  2010.  The Early Years of Folk Music: Fifty Founders of the Tradition [biographical profiles].  Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland.  242 pp.  International scope; 17th to 20th centuries.

Dickens, Hazel, and Bill C. Malone.  2008.  Working Girl Blues: The Life and Music of Hazel Dickens.  Music in American Life series.  Urbana: University of Illinois Press.  102 pp.  Brief biography; W.Va.; song lyrics and memories; discography.

Dickens, Hazel.  2004.  “‘West Virginia, My Home’: A Visit With Hazel Dickens” [songwriter, performer; b. 1935, Mercer Co.].  Interview by John Lilly.  Goldenseal: West Virginia Traditional Life 30 (Summer): 32-37.

Dinwiddie, Joseph.  1998.  “Where Have All the Fiddles Gone?” [defense of regional music and plea for Berea College’s music department  to broaden its exclusively classical program of instruction].  Appalachian Heritage 26 (Fall): 6-14.

Dinwiddie, Joseph.  1999.  “It Don’t Mean a Thang If It Ain’t Got That Twang: Banjo and Fiddle Dance Music of Southern Appalachia” [tradition].  Appalachian Heritage 27 (Summer): 12-16.

Discovering Appalachian Music.  1995.  Special issue, Now and Then: The Appalachian Magazine 12 (Summer): 1-44.

Doc Watson, March 3, 1923–May 29, 2012.  2012.  Special issue, Bluegrass Unlimited 47, no. 1 (July): 14-17, 26-27, 30-31, and cover photo.

Doman, Katie.  2005.  “Something Old, Something New: The Carter Family’s Bristol Sessions Recordings” [1927].  In The Bristol Sessions: Writings about the Big Bang of Country Music, ed. C. Wolfe and T. Olson, 66-86.  Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland.

Donleavy, Kevin.  2004.  Strings of Life: Conversations with Old-Time Musicians from Virginia and North Carolina [eleven-county area around Galax, Va., and Mount Airy, N.C.].  Blacksburg, Va.: Pocahontas Press.  347 pp.

Dotson Lewis, B.L.  2008.  The Sunny Side of Appalachia: Bluegrass from the Grassroots.  West Conshohocken, Pa.: Infinity Publishing.  184 pp.  Musician interviews, narratives, photos; W.Va.

Douglas, John.  2002.  “Joltin’ Jim McCoy: Morgan County’s Country Music Troubadour [b. 1929; Berkeley Springs].  Goldenseal: West Virginia Traditional Life 28 (Spring): 54-59.

Douglas, John.  2007.  Joltin’ Jim: Jim McCoy’s Life in Country Music [b. 1929; inducted into West Virginia Country Music Hall of Fame, 2003].  Berkeley Springs, W.Va.: Troubadour Productions.  79 pp.

Eaker, Susan A., and Geoff Eaker.  2002.  “A Banjo on Her Knee: Appalachian Women and America’s First Instrument: Part One” [19th-century].  Old-Time Herald Online 8, no. 2 (Winter): 27 para.  http://www.oldtimeherald.org/pages/eissues.htm.

Eaker, Susan A., and Geoff Eaker.  2002.  “A Banjo on Her Knee: Appalachian Women and America’s First Instrument: Part Two” [19th-century].  Old-Time Herald Online 8, no. 3 (Spring): 2 para.  http://www.oldtimeherald.org/pages/eissues.htm.

Earnest, Nancy Jane.  2008.  “Music for the Masses: The Flourishing of Symphony Orchestras in Appalachia.”  Now and Then: The Appalachian Magazine 24, no. 1 (Spring/Summer): 48-50.  Special issue–“Urbane Appalachia.”

Earnest, Nancy Jane.  2008. “Still Sewing the Fabric of Appalachia.”  Now and Then: The Appalachian Magazine 24, no. 2 (Fall/Winter): 5-7.  Denim; L.C. King Manufacturing Co., Bristol, Tenn.; Special issue–“Fabric of Appalachia.”

Eastburn, Kathryn.  2008.  A Sacred Feast: Reflections on Sacred Harp Singing and Dinner on the Ground.  At Table series.  Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.  166 p.  Shape-note singers, recipes: Ala., Ky., Tex., Colo., Wash.

Edwards, Leigh H.  2009.  Johnny Cash and the Paradox of American Identity.  Bloomington: Indiana University Press.  241 pp.  “...a walking contradiction: social protester and establishment patriot, drugged wildman and devout Christian crusader, rebel outlaw hillbilly thug and elder statesman.”

Ellersten, Peter.  2002.  “‘The untaught melody of grateful hearts’: Southern Appalachian Folk Hymnody in Illinois, 1800-1850.”  Journal of Illinois History 5 (Winter): 258-282.

Ely, Macel.  2011.  Ain’t No Grave: The Life and Legacy of Brother Claude Ely [1922-1978; based on oral history interviews].  Atlanta, Ga.: Dust-to-Digital.  345 pp., plus CD sound disc.  Influential (“Elvis Presley, Johnny Cash”) gospel singer and Pentecostal Holiness preacher.

Eriksen, Timothy.  2011.  “Review: The Makers of the Sacred Harp.”  Southern Spaces: An Interdisciplinary Journal about Regions, Places, and Cultures of the American South and Their Global Connections, 17 October 2011.  Online review essay of The Makers of the Sacred Harp, by David Warren Steel and Richard H. Hulan (University of Illinois Press, 2010), with Recommended Resources: print, film, links.  http://www.southernspaces.org/2011/review-makers-sacred-harp.

Escott, Colin.  2001.  “Water from an Ancient Well.”  Journal of Country Music 22 (no. 1): 33-35.  Review essay of the recording, “The Carter Family: In the Shadow of Clinch Mountain” (Bear Family Records, BCD 15865).  12 CDs with 120-page book.

Escott, Colin.  2003.  Lost Highway: The True Story of Country Music [history]. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press.  192 pp.  Companion to the BBC television series. Originally published: London: BBC Books, 2003.

Eskew, Harry.  2008.  “Sacred Harp.”  In The New Encyclopedia of Southern Culture, Vol. 12: Music, 128-133.  Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.

Ewing, Tom, ed.  2000.  The Bill Monroe Reader [d. 1996; selected articles].  Music in American Life series.  Urbana: University of Illinois Press.  301 pp.

Ewing, Tom. 1998.  “What Did He Say?  Bill Monroe on Bluegrass” [highlights his musical convictions].  Bluegrass Unlimited 33 (September): 62-65.

Ewing, Tom.  2005.  “Bob Jamieson and the Original Bluegrass Boys” [Miss. fiddler, b. 1916; member of Bill Monroe’s original group].  Bluegrass Unlimited 40 (July): 48-51.

Experiencing Traditional Music: Southeastern Bluegrass and Gospel Festivals [directory, by state; 73 festivals].  2011.  In Foxfire 45th Anniversary Book: Singin’, Praisin’, Raisin’, ed. J. Green, and C. Best, 493-502.  New York: Anchor Books.

Fairchild, Raymond.  1995.  “Raymond Fairchild.”  Interview by Britt Long.  Appalachian Journal 22 (Summer): 392-406.

Farmelo, Allen.  2001.  “Another History of Bluegrass: The Segregation of Popular Music in the United States, 1820-1900.”  Popular Music and Society 25 (Spring/Summer): 179-203.

Feather, Carl E.  2003.  “‘We Like This Old Music’: Wetzel County’s Hillbilly Haven” [bluegrass, country music park].  Goldenseal: West Virginia Traditional Life 29 (Summer): 66-69.

Feather, Carl E.  2003.  “Country Store Opry: Grant County’s Music Capitol” [since 1967; Pansy, W.Va.].  Goldenseal: West Virginia Traditional Life 29 (Summer): 56-61, with appended profile of 91-year-old comedienne Elsie Whitmer, 62-65.

Feather, Carl E.  2004.  “‘Seventh Heaven’: Saturday Night at the Sagebrush Round-up” [country music hall, Marion Co.].  Goldenseal: West Virginia Traditional Life 30 (Winter): 32-41.  Sidebar on “Bill Murray,” Sagebrush’s oldest musician [b. 1915], 38-39.

Feather, Carl E.  2004.  “‘Sounds of Home’: Songwriter Dorsey Wiseman” [gospel musician; Randolph Co.; b. 1937].  Goldenseal: West Virginia Traditional Life 30 (Winter): 48-53.

Feather, Carl E.  2004.  “Little John Graham and Cherokee Sue: A Radio Love Story” [1930s-40s; radio performers; WMMN, Fairmont].  Goldenseal: West Virginia Traditional Life 30 (Winter): 42-47.

Feather, Carl E.  2007.  “The Purple Fiddle: New Tradition in Thomas” [music cafe’s 2002 beginnings, co-owners; Tucker Co.].  Goldenseal: West Virginia Traditional Life 33, no. 1 (Spring): 54-61.

Feintuch, Burt.  2008.  “Square Dancing and Clogging.  In The New Encyclopedia of Southern Culture, Vol. 12: Music, 145-148.  Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.

Ferris, William R.  2007.  “Alan Lomax: The Long Journey” [1915-2002].  Southern Cultures 13, no. 3 (Fall): 132-143.

Filene, Benjamin.  2000.  Romancing the Folk: Public Memory and American Roots Music [folk music; ballads].  Cultural Studies of the United States series.  Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.  325 pp.

Filene, Benjamin.  2004.  “O Brother, What Next?: Making Sense of the Folk Fad” [O Brother, Where Art Thou? (film, 2000)].  Southern Cultures 10, no. 2 (Summer): 50-69.

Fine, Jason, ed.  2004.  Cash [Johnny Cash, “by the editors of Rolling Stone”].  Foreword by Rosanne Cash.  New York: Crown Publishers.  224 pp.  Tributes from Bob Dylan, Bono, Willie Nelson, and others.

Fleischhauer, Carl.  2001.  Bluegrass Odyssey: A Documentary in Pictures and Words, 1966-1986.  Music in American Life.  Urbana: University of Illinois Press.  189 pp.

Fletcher, Karen L.  1997.  “16 Years of Foot-Stompin’ — The FOOTMAD Story” [Friends of Old-Time Music and Dance].  Goldenseal: West Virginia Traditional Life 23 (Spring): 31.

Fluharty, Twila Dawn.  2004.  The Dulcimer Man: The Russell Fluharty Story [1906-1989; autobiographical writings; Mannington, W.Va.].  Parsons, W.Va.: McClain Printing Company.  181 pp.

Fowler, Gene, and Bill Crawford.  2002.  Border Radio: Quacks, Yodelers, Pitchmen, Psychics, and Other Amazing Broadcasters of the American Airwaves [Mexican Border Region; references to the Carters, Grand Ole Opry/WSM, and “hillbilly”].  Austin: University of Texas Press.  360 pp.

Fox, Aaron A.  2005.  “‘Alternative’ to What?: O Brother, September 11, and the Politics of Country Music.”  In Country Music Goes to War, ed. C. Wolfe and J. Akenson, 164-191.  Lexington, Ky.: University Press of Kentucky.

Foxfire Boys, The.  2008.  “Kickin’ Around with The Foxfire Boys.”  Interview by students Austin Bauman and Jared Weber.  Foxfire Magazine 42 (Spring-Summer): 19-52.  String band, Rabun County, Ga.

Freed, Mark.  2007.  “Ora Watson–Watauga County’s Senior Musician: ‘Music Keeps Me Young’” [N.C.; 95-year-old fiddler].  Old-Time Herald 11, no. 1 (October-November).  Online with sound clip.  http://oldtimeherald.org/archive/back_issues/volume-11/11-1/ora-watson.html.

Freed, Mark.  2007.  “The Johnson County Fiddlers Convention at Laurel Bloomery, Tennessee.”  Old-Time Herald 10, no. 10 (April-May).  http://oldtimeherald.org/archive/back_issues/volume-10/10-10/laurel-bloomery.html.

Frere-Jones, Sasha.  2010.  “As Is: Bill Withers Makes No Apologies” [b. 1938, Slab Fork, W.Va.].  New Yorker, 8 March, 76-77.  Withers wrote best-selling songs including “Just the Two of Us.”  http://www.newyorker.com/arts/critics/musical/2010/03/08/100308crmu_music_frerejones?printable=true#ixzz0hJpvkFtP.

Friesen, Orin.  2011.  “Me and Bill” [memories of Bill Monroe, by a radio broadcaster].  Bluegrass Unlimited 45, no. 10 (April): 54-58.

Friskics-Warren, Bill.  2011.  “Hazel Dickens, Folk Singer, Dies at 75.”  New York Times, 23 April, Obituary, 17(A).  850 words.  Born 1935, Mercer County, W.Va., “...a clarion-voiced advocate for coal miners and working people and a pioneer among women in bluegrass music.”

Friskics-Warren, Bill.  2000.  “Grand Ole Opry: The Next Generation.”  Journal of Country Music 21 (no. 2): 14-21.

Friskics-Warren, Bill.  2009.  “Charting the Deep Waters of Old-Timer Charlie Poole” [legendary N.C. singer, banjo player, and country music recording star, predating the 1927 Bristol Sessions].  Washington Post, 18 August, 5(C).  1085 words.  See also: Terri Gross’s August 19th “Fresh Air” interview on NPR with Loudon Wainwright who recorded a double-album tribute titled “High Wide and Handsome: The Charlie Poole Project” [48 minutes].  http://www-cdn.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=112023188.

Fulcher, Robert.  2008.  “Bob Douglas, Fiddler of the Century: Part 1, Biography” [b. 1900].  Tennessee Folklore Society Bulletin 64, no. 2 (Fall): 3-32.  Sequatchie Valley; Walden’s Ridge; Cumberland Plateau; Chattanooga.

Fulcher, Robert.  2009.  “Bob Douglas, Fiddler of the Century: Part 2, Tune List and Discography” [1928-2010].  Tennessee Folklore Society Bulletin 65, no. 1 (Spring): 3-28.  Tune titles (448), 78-RPM records, radio transcriptions, LP-records (12), cassette tapes (13), videos, and CDs.

Fulks, Danny.  2008.  “‘She Took Up the Banjo...and Never Looked Back’: Kristin Scott Benson.”  Appalachian Journal 36, no. 1-2 (Fall 2008/Winter 2009): 86-89.  Review essay of “Second Season,” CD by Benson (Columbus, N.C.: Pinecastle Records, 2008).

Fussell, Fred C.  2003.  Blue Ridge Music Trails: Finding a Place in the Circle [history; guidebook].  Photographs by Cedric N. Chatterley.  Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.  255 pp.

Gabehart, Jim.  2012.  “Mountaineer Opry House: Milton’s Home for Bluegrass Music [since 1972; Cabell Co.].  Goldenseal: West Virginia Traditional Life 38, no. 3 (Fall): 36-41.

Garriock, Shay.  2007.  “Old-Time Music from Lick Creek, Virginia: Hick and Sue Edmonds” [Smyth Co.].  Old-Time Herald 10, no. 11 (June-July).  Online sound clip and interview.  http://oldtimeherald.org/archive/back_issues/volume-10/10-11/edmonds.html.

Garrison, Theodore.  [1944] 2002.  “Forty-Five Folk Songs Collected from Searcy County” [Ark.].  Edited by W. K. McNeil, Director, Ozark Folk Center.  Mid-America Folklore 30 no. 1 and 2: 1-215.

Garst, John.  2002.  “‘Man of Constant Sorrow’: Antecedents and Tradition.”  In Country Music Annual 2002, ed. C. Wolfe and J. Akenson, 26-53.  Lexington: University Press of Kentucky.

Gartner, Paul.  1997.  “Elmer Bird: The Banjo Man from Turkey Creek” [b.1920; Vandalia Award winner].  Goldenseal: West Virginia Traditional Life 23 (Summer): 45-52.

Gartner, Paul.  1997.  “The Kessinger Family” [Clark Kessinger, fiddler; 1896-1975].  Goldenseal: West Virginia Traditional Life 23 (Fall): 20-23, 26-27.

Gartner, Paul.  2000.  “Dr. Gainer: Folk Festival Founder” [Patrick Gainer, 1904-1981; West Virginia State Folk Festival].  Goldenseal: West Virginia Traditional Life 26 (Summer): 58-59.

Gartner, Paul.  2007.  “Musical Wood: Violin Maker Harold Hayslett” [89-year-old, world-class builder; South Charleston].  Goldenseal: West Virginia Traditional Life 33, no. 1 (Spring): 46-53.

Gates, David.  2001.  “Constant Sorrow: Ralph Stanley’s Fifty Years on the Road” [bluegrass banjo great].  New Yorker, 20 August, 88-94.

George-Warren, Holly.  2006.  Honky-Tonk Heroes & Hillbilly Angels: The Pioneers of Country & Western Music [children’s literature].  Folk art illustrations by Laura Levine.  Boston, Mass.: Houghton Mifflin.  32 pp.  Profiles legends including Hank Williams, Patsy Cline, Loretta Lynn, Johnny Cash, The Carter Family, Jimmie Rodgers, and Bill Monroe.

Gerrard, Alice.  2007.  “Old-Time Flatfoot and Square Dancing in the Blue Ridge: Memories of Bertie Mae Dickens, Julie Jarrell Lyons, Luther Davis, Arlin and Vinnie Flippin of Galax, Virginia and Toast and Low Gap, North Carolina.”  Old-Time Herald 10, no. 11 (June-July).  http://oldtimeherald.org/archive/back_issues/volume-10/10-11/dancebeat.html.

Gerrard, Alice.  2010.  “20 Years of the Old-Time Herald at Merlefest.”  Old-Time Herald 12, no. 8 (December 2010-January 2011): 8-13.  MerleFest is located at Wilkes Community College in Wilkesboro, N.C.

Gillespie, Gail.  2001.  “Musical Affairs of the Heart: Part Two: Banjo Stories.”  Old-Time Herald Online 8, no. 1 (Fall): 65 para.  http://www.oldtimeherald.org/pages/8-1/heart.htm.

Godbey, Marty.  2011.  Crowe on the Banjo: The Music Life of J.D. Crowe [b. 1937, Lexington, Ky.].  Music in American Life series.  Urbana: University of Illinois Press.  232 pp.

Goertzen, Chris.  2008.  Southern Fiddlers and Fiddle Contests.  Jackson: University Press of Mississippi.  163 pp.  Appendix: “Four Fiddlers Speak”: Richard Bowman, Bobby Taylor, Lark Reynolds, Wes Westmoreland.

Goff, James R., Jr.  2002.  Close Harmony: A History of Southern Gospel.  Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.  394 pp.

Goldenseal Update: “Gerald Milnes” [folklorist, musician].  1999.  Goldenseal: West Virginia Traditional Life 25 (Fall): 21.

Goldsmith, Thomas, ed.  2004.  The Bluegrass Reader [anthology of 64 essays: Pt. 1: The Big Bang, 1939-59; Pt. 2: The Reseeding of Bluegrass, 1960-79; Pt. 3: Another Roots Revival, 1980-2000].  Music in American Life.  Urbana: University of Illinois Press.  353 pp.

Goldsmith, Thomas.  2006.  “A Conversation with Mac Wiseman” [b. 1925; singer, guitarist, and a founder of the Country Music Association].  Bluegrass Unlimited 40 (February): 24-27.

Goldsmith, Thomas.  2007.  “Alison Krauss: Then and Now.”  Part 2.  Bluegrass Unlimited 42, no. 2 (August): 34-38.  (Part 1, “Alison Krauss: What Inspires Me,” vol. 42, no. 1: 24-27).

Gordon, Josh.  2010.  “‘Soul of the Mountains’: A Visit with Fiddler Bobby Taylor” [2010 Vandalia Award recipient].  Goldenseal: West Virginia Traditional Life 36, no. 3 (Fall): 20-29.  Sidebar, “Remembering Lincoln Taylor: Legacy of a Roane County Fiddler” [b. 1911], by John Lilly, 24-25.

Graham, Bill.  2009.  “Monroe’s Gouged Headstock Veneer on Auction Block” [Bill Monroe’s 1950s-gouged Gibson F-5 mandolin; Christie’s auction house].  Bluegrass Unlimited 44, no. 5 (November): 54-55.

Grant, Marshall, with Chris Zar.  2006.  I Was There When It Happened: My Life with Johnny Cash [bassist for Cash].  Forewords by The Statler Brothers and Rosanne Cash.  Nashville, Tenn: Cumberland House.  367 pp.

Graves, Josh.  2012.  “Josh Graves: Foggy Mountain Boy.”  Bluegrass Unlimited 47, no. 4 (October): 24-27.  Excerpt from Bluegrass Bluesman: A Memoir, by Josh Graves (ed. Fred Bartenstein, 2012): “Chapter 3: 1955-1969, Part 1, Foggy Mountain Boy.”

Graves, Josh.  2012.  Bluegrass Bluesman: A Memoir [1927-2006; dobro player].  Edited by Fred Bartenstein.  Foreword by Neil Rosenberg.  Music in American Life series.  Urbana: University of Illinois Press.  133 pp.  Based on transcribed interviews conducted by Barry Willis in 1994.  Contents: 1927-1942, a Tennessee childhood | 1942-1955, a musical apprenticeship | 1955-1969, Part 1, Foggy Mountain Boy | 1955-1969, Part 2, life on the road and the breakup | 1969-1994, king of the dobro | A man of many talents | Reflections on bluegrass old and new | A family musical legacy | Testimony from Josh Graves’s contemporaries and those he influenced [including Earl Scruggs, Mac Wiseman, Mike Auldridge, Herb Pederson, Jerry Douglas, Marty Stuart, and eighteen others].

Gray, Tom.  1999.  “Dobro: The Resonator Guitar That Wouldn’t Die” [history from 1920s to present].  Bluegrass Unlimited 33 (January): 50-55.

Green, Stephen.  1995.  “The Berea Tune Lists.”  Tennessee Folkore Society Bulletin 57 (no.2): 39-67.

Green, Steve.  2007.  “Old 78s and Shiitakes: Carole Anne Rose and Curly Miller” [Ozark mountains, Ark.].  Old-Time Herald 10, no. 8 (December 2006-January 2007).  Online, with sound clip.  http://oldtimeherald.org/archive/back_issues/volume-10/10-8/old78s.html.

Griffin, Larry J.  2006.  “Give Me That Old-Time Music...or Not” [surveys; regional and racial tastes].  Southern Cultures 12, no. 4: 98-107.

Grimes, Anne.  2010.  Stories from the Anne Grimes Collection of American Folk Music.  Compiled and edited by Sara Grimes, Jennifer Grimes Kay, Mary Grimes, and Mindy Grimes.  Athens: Ohio University Press.  188 pp., plus CD sampler.  Portraits of contributors of traditional music collected by Ohio folksinger and scholar Anne Grimes (1912-2004) in 1950s Ohio.  Contents: Frank Allen -- Reuben Allen -- Bertha Bacon -- Sarah Basham and Bertha Basham Wright -- John W. Beattie -- Henry Lawrence Beecher -- John M. Bodiker -- Paul Bogatay -- Dolleah Church -- Governor James M. Cox -- Walter W. Dixon -- Dulcerine Players of Southeastern Ohio: Bob White, Ken Ward, Lilly McGhee Ward Swick, Charles Ralston -- Arthur Byrd Fields -- Ella Strawser Flack -- Blanche Wilson Fullen -- Bob Gibson -- A.B. Graham -- Brodie Franklin Halley -- Perry Harper -- Amanda Styers Hook -- Arthur Emerson Kieffer -- Donald Langstaff -- Fanny Hagerman Laylin -- Lottie Leas -- Bascom Lamar Lunsford -- W.E. Lunsford and the John H. Lunsford Dulcimer -- Marcus and Wade Martin and the Martin Dulcimers -- Jane Jones McNerlin and the McNerlin Family Dulcimers -- The National Folk Festival at St. Louis: May Kennedy McCord, Jenny Wells Vincent, Pete Seeger -- Neva Randolph -- Eli “Babe” Reno -- Branch Rickey -- Carl Sandburg -- Arthur D. Tyler and the Tyler Dulcimer -- William T. Utter and Scheitholts from Licking County -- Bessie Weinrich -- Faye Wemmer -- Bird O. White and Anne White -- Anne Rayner Wilson -- Okey Wood and the Okey Wood Dulcimer.

Grimes, William.  2011.  “Kenny Baker, 85, Fiddler Steeped in Bluegrass Style” [obituary; b. 1926; Ky.].  New York Times, 2 August: 14(B).  510 words.  “...recorded more than 230 songs...between 1968 and 1984” with Bill Monroe and the Bluegrass Boys.  www.nytimes.com/2011/08/02/arts/music/kenny-baker-bluegrass-fiddler-dies-at-85.html?_r=1.

Grimes, William.  2012.  “Doc Watson, Blind Guitar Wizard Who Influenced Generations, Dies at 89.”  New York Times, 30 May, 21(B).  1,799 words.  Videos and photos. http://www.nytimes.com/2012/05/30/arts/music/doc-watson-folk-musician-dies-at-89.html?_r=1&emc=na.

Gunderson, Linda.  2000.  “Footnotin’ with Ira: A Fiddler’s Dancer” [clog dancing; Ira Bernstein].  Old-Time Herald Online 7, no. 3 (Spring).  http://www.oldtimeherald.org/pages/eissues.htm.

Gunderson, Linda.  2005.  “Thomas Maupin: ‘When I’m a-dancing’” [66-year-old, award-winning, Tenn. buckdancer; video clip].  The Old-Time Herald 10, no. 2 (Winter).  http://www.oldtimeherald.org/archive/back_issues/volume-10/10-2/maupin.html.

Gura, Philip F.  1999/2000.  “Roots and Branches: Forty Years of the New Lost City Ramblers, Part 1.”  Old-Time Herald Online 7, no. 2 (Winter).  http://www.oldtimeherald.org/pages/eissues.htm.

Gura, Philip F.  2000.  “Roots and Branches: Forty Years of the New Lost City Ramblers, Part 2.”  Old-Time Herald Online 7, no. 3 (Spring).  http://www.oldtimeherald.org/pages/eissues.htm.

Gustavson, Kent.  [2010] 2012.  Blind but Now I See: The Biography of Music Legend Doc Watson [N.C.; 1923-2012; blind flatpick guitarist extraordinaire].  2nd ed.  Foreword by Art Menius.  New York: Sumach Red Books.  367 pp.

Hall, Stephanie.  2010.  “Mike Seeger, August 15, 1933–August 7, 2009: ‘So Many Sounds’.”  Folklife Center News (Library of Congress) 32, no. 1-2 (Winter-Spring): 7-10.  http://www.loc.gov/folklife/news/index.html.

Halsey Derek.  2010.  “Katie Laur: Celebrating Twenty Years of ‘Music from the Hills of Home’.”  Bluegrass Unlimited 44, no. 11 (May): 44-47.  Bluegrass radio show broadcast on WNKU out of Northern Kentucky University.

Halsey Derek.  2010.  “My Last Days on Earth: The Lost Bill Monroe Picture” [photo lost for 27 years].  Bluegrass Unlimited 45, no. 6 (December): 32-33.  Monroe (1911-1996) learned he had cancer during the 1981 recording sessions that included the song, “My Last Days on Earth.”

Halsey, Derek.  2011.  “The Appalachian Uprising Festival Celebrates Its Tenth Anniversary” [Ohio].  Bluegrass Unlimited 45, no. 7 (January): 28-31.

Halsey, Derek.  2012.  “Doc Watson Remembered by the Young Guns of Bluegrass” [1923-2012].  Bluegrass Unlimited 47, no. 1 (July): 30-31.  Four interviewed: Cody Kilby, Chris Thile, Chris Eldridge, and Jim VanCleve.

Halsey, Derek.  2012.  “Doc Watson Remembered” [1923-1912].  Bluegrass Unlimited 47, no. 1 (July): 26-27.  “...the most influential flatpicker.”

Hamessley, Lydia.  2005.  “A Resisting Performance of an Appalachian Traditional Murder Ballad: Giving Voice to ‘Pretty Polly’.”  Women and Music: A Journal of Gender and Culture 9, no. 1: 13-36.

Hamilton, Frank.  2002.  “The Volo Bogtrotters: Old-Time Feeling in the 21st-Century.”  Old-Time Herald Online 8, no. 4 (Summer).  http://www.oldtimeherald.org/pages/eissues.htm.

Hanson, Bradley.  2008.  “The Tennessee Jamboree: Local Radio, the Barn Dance, and Cultural Life in Appalachian East Tennessee.”  Southern Spaces, 20 November [online photo-essays].  Contents: Introduction | Rural Radio | The Barn Dance Genre | The Barn Dance in East Tennessee | LaFollette | WLAF | Tennessee Jamboree | Original Broadcast, Part 1: Music | Original Broadcast, Part 2: Advertising and Banter | “Our time has come and gone” | Notes | Recommended Resources.  http://southernspaces.org/2008/tennessee-jamboree-local-radio-barn-dance-and-cultural-life-appalachian-east-tennessee.

Hardwig, Bill.  2001.  “Cocks, Balls, Bats, and Banjos: Masculinity and Competition in the Bluegrass Music of Bill Monroe.”  Southern Quarterly 39 (Summer): 35-48.

Harkins, Anthony.  1996.  “The Significance of ‘Hillbilly’ in Early Country Music, 1924-1945.”  Journal of Appalachian Studies 2 (Fall): 311-322.

Harlan Daniel Special Issue [1932-1998; “Tributes and Memories” by Alice Daniel Pritchard, W. K. McNeil, and Judith McCulloh, pp. 2-4].  1999.  Tennessee Folklore Society Bulletin 59 (no. 1): 1-47.

Harlow, Ilana.  2004.  “First Henry Reed Award Goes to Young Ballad Singer” [sixteen-year-old Elizabeth LaPrelle from Rural Retreat, Va.; the Henry Reed Fund was established to benefit folk artists and to honor master Appalachian fiddler Henry Reed]. Folklife Center News (Library of Congress) 26, no. 3 (Summer): 9.  http://www.loc.gov/folklife/news/news-text-summer2004.html.

Harris, Aaron Keith.  2007.  “Lonesome Day Records & Randall Deaton” [recording studio, Booneville, Ky.].  Bluegrass Unlimited 42, no. 4 (October): 76-80.

Harrison, Bill.  1996.  “A History of the Tennessee Valley Old Time Fiddlers Convention.”  [Limestone Co., Ala.].  Devil’s Box 30 (Winter): 5-10.

Harrison, Douglas.  2012.  Then Sings My Soul: The Culture of Southern Gospel Music.  Music in American Life series.  Urbana: University of Illinois Press.  228 pp.  Contents: Introduction: A native informant’s report from the field | Glory bumps, or the psychodynamics of the Southern gospel experience | Nostalgia, modernity, and the reconstruction roots of a tradition | The rise of “Southern” gospel music and the compensations of history | The gaitherization of contemporary southern gospel | Southern gospel in the key of queer | Epilogue : the soul’s best song | List of songs referenced | Appendix: methods and preliminary findings of a survey of attitudes and beliefs about southern gospel music.

Harrod, John.  2012.  “We Just Knew That We Loved Kentucky Music: A Conversation with Kentucky Collector and Fiddler John Howard” [b. 1946, Shelby Co.].  Interviewed by Scott Prouty.  Old-Time Music 13, no. 4.  “...one of the leading documenters of older styles of traditional music in Kentucky....Harrod donated his collection to the Sound Archive at Berea College.”  http://www.oldtimeherald.org/archive/back_issues/volume-13/13-4/index.html.

Harvey, Steven.  2000.  Bound for Shady Grove [reflective essays on mountain music, banjos, fiddles].  Athens: University of Georgia Press.  157 pp.

Harvey, Steven.  2005.  “Our Lady of the Five String” [musings on the banjo and Gregorian chant].  Shenandoah: The Washington and Lee University Review 55, no. 1 (Spring/Summer): 83-91.

Harvey, Steven.  2006.  “Gatherin’ Around J.P. Fraley” [fiddler; interview; Ky.].  Shenandoah: The Washington and Lee University Review 56, no. 2 (Fall): 38-44.

Hatchett, Marion J.  2003.  A Companion to The New Harp of Columbia [shape note singing reference].  Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press.  476 pp.

Hauslohner, A. W.  1997.  “The Harold Hensley Story” [1922-1988; fiddler; b. Whitetop, Va.; Hollywood career].  Devil’s Box 31 (Spring): 31-35.

Havighurst, Craig.  2007.  Air Castle of the South: WSM and the Making of Music City [Nashille radio station; 1920s-1950s; country music; Grand Ole Opry].  Music in American Life.  Urbana: University of Illinois Press.  279 pp.

Hay, Fred J.  2008.  “‘The Ballad Bug Is the Most Fatal Bug’: W. Amos ‘Doc’ Abrams, Song Collector” [1904-1991].  North Carolina Folklore Journal 55, no. 2 (Fall-Winter): 65-73.  Western N.C.; Appalachian State University special collections.

Hedrick, Amanda.  2009.  “A Ballad Collection in the Making: One Student’s Contribution” [Edith Walker, b. 1919; W.L. Eury Appalachian Collection, Appalachian State University].  North Carolina Folklore Journal 56, no. 1 (Spring-Summer): 33-40.

Helmick, Bernie.  2012.  “The Shades: Rockin’ the Mountains.”  Goldenseal: West Virginia Traditional Life 38, no. 1 (Spring): 10-11.  Band, circa 1958, Elkins, W.Va.

Hemphill, Paul.  2005.  Lovesick Blues: The Life of Hank Williams [1923-1953; biography].  New York: Viking.  207 pp.

Henry, Murphy H.  2001. “Come Prepared to Stay. Bring Fiddle: The Story of Sally Ann Forrester, the Original Bluegrass Girl” [1943-1946; the “first woman in bluegrass”].  In Country Music Annual 2001, ed. C. Wolfe and J. Akenson, 92-120. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky.

Henry, Murphy Hicks.  2009.  “Gloria Belle: Carving Her Own Path” [b. 1939; mandolin; pioneer career female bluegrass musician].  Bluegrass Unlimited 44, no. 2 (August): 44-48.

Henry, Murphy Hicks.  2012.  “Douglas Flint Dillard, March 6, 1937–May 16, 2012” [career overview].  Bluegrass Unlimited 47, no. 1 (July): 12-13.  Douglas was the banjo playing member of The Darlings on the Andy Griffith Show, and a member of the original Dillards.

Henry Reed Fund Established at the Library of Congress [W.Va. fiddler, 1884-1968].  2001.  Folklife Center News (Library of Congress) 23, no. 1 (Winter): 13.  http://www.loc.gov/folklife/news/index.html.

Herring, Caroline.  2012.  “Caroline Herring” [interview; singer-songwriter].  Still: The Journal, no. 8 (Winter).  2,242 words.  http://www.stilljournal.net/caroline-herring-interview.php.

Herzog, Mary Jean Ronan.  2006.  “Keeping Old-Time Music Alive: The Contributions of David Holt to Appalachian Music and Culture.” North Carolina Folklore Journal 53, no. 1 (Spring-Summer): 19-25.  Portfolio: “A Gallery of Southern Folk Artists: Photographs by David Holt,” 26-41.

Hesson, Ray.  2009.  “Augusta Heritage Bluegrass Week: Elkins, West Virginia” [instruction, jam sessions, concerts].  Bluegrass Unlimited 43, no. 7 (January): 40-43

Heyer, Bob.  1998.  “Ivydale: The Morris Family Old-Time Music Festivals” [Clay Co.].  Goldenseal: West Virginia Traditional Life 24 (Summer): 56-64.

Heyer, Bob.  2000.  “‘Let’s Keep It Traditional” [W.Va.’s State Folk Festival, Glenville].  Goldenseal: West Virginia Traditional Life 26 (Summer): 50-57.

Hill, Jeremy.  2011.  “‘Country Music Is Wherever the Soul of a Country Music Fan Is’: Opryland U.S.A. and the Importance of Home in Country Music.”  Southern Cultures 17, no. 4 (Winter): 91-111.

Himes, Geoffrey.  2006.  “A New Wave of Musicians Updates That Old-Time Sound” [new wave old-time string bands: the Mammals; Crooked Still; the Duhks].  New York Times, 5 November, 16 (sec. 2).  1909 words.

Himes, Geoffrey.  2012.  “Dr. Ralph Stanley and the Clinch Mountain Boys.”  Washington Post, 10 February, 5(T).  1,101 words.  Eighty-four years old, and in the running for a fourth Grammy Award.  http://www.washingtonpost.com/gog/music-events/dr.-ralph-stanley-and-the-clinch-mountain-boys,1223628/critic-review.html.

Hitch, Robin.  2012.  “Long Ago and ‘Fasola’ Away.”  North Carolina Folklore Journal 58, no. 2 (Fall-Winter): 45-56.  History of Sacred Harp Singing, 1600s-1900s.

Hofferth, Sandy, and Mary Briggs.  2007.  “‘Speedy’ Tolliver, the Gentleman Musician from Arlington, Virginia” [banjoist, b. 1918; from Green Cove, Va., White Top Mountain].  Old-Time Herald 10, no. 11 (June-July).  Online with sound clip.  http://oldtimeherald.org/archive/back_issues/volume-10/10-11/speedy.html.

Hofferth, Sandy.  2007.  “The Ashby Family and Friends of Fauquier County, Virginia.”  Old-Time Herald 10, no. 9 (February-March).  Online, with sound clip.  http://oldtimeherald.org/archive/back_issues/volume-10/10-9/ashby.html.

Holliday, Taylor.  2004.  “Down Country Music’s Back Roads” [195-mile driving tour, Va. and Ky. landmarks; Route 23].  New York Times, 6 August, 1(F).

Hollifield, Adrienne.  1995.  “Family Tradition, Orality, and Cultural Intervention in Sodom Laurel Ballad Singing.”  North Carolina Folklore Journal 42 (Winter-Spring): 1-34, cover photo.

Holt, David.  2012.  “Arthel ‘Doc’ Watson (March 3, 1923–May 29, 2012).”  Bluegrass Ulimited 47, no. 1 (July): 14-17.  “...he influenced almost everyone who picked up a guitar or sang a folk song....pure musical genius.”

Howard, Jason.  2012.  A Few Honest Words: The Kentucky Roots of Popular Music.  Foreword by Rodney Crowell.  Lexington: University Press of Kentucky.  258 pp.  Contents: Naomi Judd: ancestral memory | Ben Sollee and Daniel Martin Moore: sword and snow | Chris Knight: trailer poet | Carla Gover: mountain edge | Kevin Harris: freedom doxology | Joan Osborne: Brooklyn meets Appalachia | Dwight Yoakam: a hillbilly in Hollywood | Nappy Roots: the pursuit of nappyness | Matraca Berg: headwaters | Cathy Rawlings: from the wings | Dale Ann Bradley: these prisoning hills | Jim James: the ghost of Jim James past | Kate Larken: far West | The Watson twins: Southern manners.

Howard, Rachel, et al., comp.  1996.  West Virginia Collections in the Archive of Folk Culture, Acquired Through 1990.  LC Folk Archive Finding Aid, no. 20.  25 pp.  Washington: Library of Congress.  (Superintendent of Documents No. LC 39.13/2: 20)

Howard, Wayne.  2009.  “Memories of the Hammons Family Part I: Lee Hammons” [W.Va.; 1969].  Old-Time Herald 12, no. 2 (December 2009-January 2010).  http://oldtimeherald.org/archive/back_issues/volume-12/12-2/hammons.html.

Howard, Wayne.  2010.  “Memories of the Hammons Family Part III: Maggie Hammons Parker.”  Old-Time Herald 12, no. 4 (April-May): 26-36, plus sidebar listing 23 family herbal remedies (p. 31).  “A personal narrative...of staying with the family of ballad singer Maggie Hammons Parker,” circa 1970, Pocahontas County, W.Va.  http://oldtimeherald.org/archive/back_issues/index.html.

Howard, Wayne.  2010.  “Memories of the Hammons Family Part IV: Burl Hammons” [fiddler; W.Va.]. Old-Time Herald 12, no. 5 (June-July): 26-37.  “...the last great musician of a great musical family [three generations including Edden, Pete, Lee, Sherman, and Maggie]....He was just about the last living link to the great American frontier.”  http://oldtimeherald.org/archive/back_issues/index.html.

Howard, Wayne.  2010.  “Memories of the Hammons Family Part II: Sherman Hammons” [fiddler; b. circa 1903].  Old-Time Herald 12, no. 3 (February-March): 25-33.  Profiles old-time musician Sherman Hammons, Marlinton, W.Va., circa 1970.  http://oldtimeherald.org/archive/back_issues/index.html.

Howell, Roger.  1994.  “Woodrow Boone: Profile of a Madison County Fiddler.”  Devil's Box 28 (3-12): 3-12.

Howell, Roger.  1997.  “The Tradition Continues: A Short History of Mountain Music in Madison County, North Carolina.”  Devil’s Box 31 (Spring): 3-9.

Huber, Patrick J.  2003.  “‘Cain’t Make a Living at a Cotton Mill’: The Life and Hillbilly Songs of Dave McCarn” [1905-1964; 1930s labor songs].  North Carolina Historical Review 80 (July): 297-333.

Huber, Patrick.  2006.  “‘A Blessing to People’: Dorsey Dixon and His Sacred Mission of Song” [Carolina millworker; country singer-songwriter; 1897-1968].  Southern Cultures 12, no. 4: 111-131.

Huber, Patrick.  2008.  Linthead Stomp: The Creation of Country Music in the Piedmont South. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.  416 pp.  Contents: King of the mountaineer musicians: Fiddlin’ John Carson -- Rough and rowdy ways: Charlie Poole and the North Carolina Ramblers -- Cain’t make a living at a cotton mill: Dave McCarn -- A blessing to people: the Dixon Brothers, Howard and Dorsey.

Hudson, Michael.  2003.  “‘Which Side Are You On?’: The Biography of a Protest Song” [Florence Reece’s 1931 union anthem; Harlan Co., Ky.].  Southern Exposure 31 (Spring): 42-45.

Hudson, Michael.  2003.  “Hazel Dickens Inspires a New Generation of Musicians.”  Southern Exposure 31 (Spring): 46-47.  (An earlier version of this article appeared at www.womensenews.org).

Hughes, Charles.  2002.  “Bill C. Malone” [author interview].  Bluegrass Unlimited 37 (November): 50-51.

Hunter, Lacy.  1996.  “John Huron: Banjo Maker” [oral history].  Foxfire Magazine 30 (Fall/Winter): 98-106.

Hypes, Larry.  2011.  “Song of the Mountains: The Lincoln Theatre” [Marion, Va.].  Bluegrass Unlimited 45, no. 11 (May): 42-45.  Five-hundred-seat theater, built 1929, Smyth County, and host to “Song of the Mountains” live bluegrass and old-time music shows which are broadcast via many PBS outlets.

Interpretive Plan: Blue Ridge Music Center: Blue Ridge Parkway, North Carolina, Virginia.  1996.  Washington, D.C.: National Park Service.  71 pp.  (Superintendent of Documents No. I 29.2:B62/4/996)

Irwin, John Rice.  2000.  A People and Their Music: The Story Behind the Story of Country Music.  Atglen, Pa.: Schiffer.  247 pp.

Jabbour, Alan.  2001.  “The Flowering of the Folk Revival.”  In American Roots Music, ed.  R. Santelli, H. George-Warren, and J. Brown, 56-83.  New York: H. N. Abrams.

Jackson, Ken.  2003.  “Breakin’ Up Christmas!—The Curriculum, Music, and Community Project in North Carolina.”  Old-Time Herald  9, no. 2 (Winter 2003-2004).  http://www.oldtimeherald.org/archive/back_issues/.

Jamieson, Stu.  2003.  “Rufus Crisp: Banjo Rapper” [1889-1956; Floyd Co., Ky.]. Old-Time Herald 8, no. 8 (Summer).  http://www.oldtimeherald.org/archive/back_issues/.

Jamison, Phil.  2001.  “‘Barn Dance with Calls’: Old-Time Southern Square-Dance Calls on 78s: 1920s-early 1930s.”  Old-Time Herald Online 7, no. 8 (Summer): 36 para.  http://www.oldtimeherald.org/pages/7-8/dance.htm.

Jamison, Phil.  2002.  “‘Square Dancing’ in Haywood County, North Carolina” [history].  Old-Time Herald Online 8, no. 2 (Winter): 28 para.  http://www.oldtimeherald.org/pages/eissues.htm.

Jamison, Phil.  2005.  “Arthur Grimes: African-American Appalachian Clogger” [b. 1958; Boone, N.C.].  The Old-Time Herald 9, no. 8 (Summer).  http://www.oldtimeherald.org/archive/back_issues/volume-9/9-8/arthur-grimes.html.

Jamison, Phil.  2006.  “The Alleghany Jubilee: Old-Time Dancing in the Blue Ridge” [Sparta, N.C., since 1994].  Old-Time Herald 10, no. 3 (February).  http://www.oldtimeherald.org/archive/back_issues/volume-10/10-3/jubilee.html.

Jenkins, David.  2010.  “Common Law, Mountain Music, and the Construction of Community Identity.”  Social and Legal Studies 19, no. 3 (September): 351-369.  “Both preserve a backward-looking, cultural memory....[and] open small but important spaces for pluralistic discourse, where social conflicts can be reconciled.”

Jennings, Dana Andrew.  2008.  Sing Me Back Home: Love, Death, and Country Music.  New York: Faber and Faber.  257 pp.  “Golden Age,” 1950-1970.

Johnathon, Michael.  2007.  “Homer Ledford, 1927-2006” [honored bluegrass musician and instrument maker].  Sing Out! 51, no. 1 (Spring): 226.

Johnson, Kim.  2001.  “Vandalia Wives” [support roles of spouses of W.Va.’s award-winning traditional musicians].  Goldenseal: West Virginia Traditional Life 27 (Spring): 61-65.

Johnson, Kim.  2004.  “‘Satisfaction in My Heart’: Lester and Linda McCumbers of Calhoun County” [both b. 1921; respected old-time musicians].  Goldenseal: West Virginia Traditional Life 30 (Spring): 18-25.

Johnson, Kim.  2005.  “A Musical Marriage: Lester and Linda McCumbers of Calhoun County, West Virginia” [fiddler; married 1937; online photo album and audio clip].  Old-Time Herald Online 10, no. 2 (Winter).  http://www.oldtimeherald.org/archive/back_issues/volume-10/10-2/mccumbers.html.

Johnson, Kim.  2008.  “Bear Fork Trading Post: Live Music in Calhoun County.”  Goldenseal: West Virginia Traditional Life 34, no. 1 (Spring): 16-21.  Melvin and Patty Cottrell, family-friendly music hall.

Jones, Loyal.  1996.  “Kinship and Music in Madison County, North Carolina.”  Devil’s Box 30 (Summer): 37-40.

Jones, Loyal.  1997.  “From Medicine Shows to ‘Hee Haw’: Comedy & Country Music.”  Now and Then: The Appalachian Magazine 14 (Spring): 14-17.

Jones, Loyal.  1998.  “‘Death Comes in Threes’” [profiles three musician-comedians: Grandpa Jones, Old Joe Clark, and Pappy Taylor — all died February 1998].  Appalachian Heritage 26 (Summer): 23-29.

Jones, Loyal.  [1984] 2002.  Minstrel of the Appalachians: The Story of Bascom Lamar Lunsford [biography; folk singer and songs; N.C.].  Music transcribed by John M. Forbes.  Reprint.  Lexington: University Press of Kentucky.  249 pp.  Originally published: Boone, N.C.: Appalachian Consortium Press.

Jones, Loyal.  2001.  “Scott Wiseman of ‘Lulu Belle and Scotty’: A Fairmont State College Graduate.”  Traditions: A Journal of West Virginia Folk Culture and Educational Awareness 6: 25-27.

Jones, Loyal.  2001.  “Wilse Reynolds -- I’d Just as Well Have a Good Fiddle as Anybody” [profiles a fiddler and his “Stradivarius,” 1972 Whitley Co., Ky.].  Appalachian Heritage 29 (Fall): 10-13.

Jones, Loyal.  2008.  Country Music Humorists and Comedians.  Music in American Life series.  Urbana: University of Illinois Press.  427 pp.  Encyclopedia: biographical sketches, anecdotes, quotes.

Jones, Loyal.  2009.  Review essay of The Hayloft Gang: The Story of the National Barn Dance, edited by Chad Berry (University of Illinois Press, 2008).  Appalachian Heritage 37, no. 1 (Winter): 65-72.

Jones, Margaret.  1994.  Patsy: The Life and Times of Patsy Cline.   New York: HarperCollins.  352 pp.

Jones, Tanya.  2009.  “Jim Vipperman: Traditional Musician and Teacher” [2009 Brown-Hudson Folklore Award; fiddler; Surry Co., N.C.].  North Carolina Folklore Journal 56, no. 2 (Fall-Winter): 19-21.

Joyner, Charles.  1999.  “Sweet Music: Tradition, Creativity, and the Appalachian Dulcimer.”   In Shared Traditions: Southern History and Folk Culture, by Charles Joyner, 208-227.  Urbana: University of Illinois Press.

Joyner, Charles.  2010.  “Southern Folk Singers.”  Southern Cultures 16, no. 3 (Fall): 73-78.  Two annotated lists of more than 30 singers, “Traditional” and “Folk,” including: Guy Carawan, Jean Ritchie, Frank Profitt, John Jacob Niles, Doc Watson, Florence Reese, Aunt Molly Jackson, Sarah Ogan Gunning, Hazel Dickens, and Si Kahn.

Julian, Norman.  2004.  “I Like to Make People Happy: Connie Mantini and His Accordian” [b. 1926; Italian; coal town].  Goldenseal: West Virginia Traditional Life 30 (Fall): 46-51.  Sidebar by the author, “Accordian in My Genes,” about the role of this beloved instrument in his “ethnic” upbringing, p. 52-53.

Kalra, Ajay.  2008.  “Bluegrass.”  In The New Encyclopedia of Southern Culture, Vol. 12: Music, 24-31.  Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.

Kaus, Margaret.  2004.  “Dorothy Horn, Scholar of Shape-Note Tune Books: A Guide to Her Research and Writing” [primary bibliography].  Journal of East Tennessee History 76: 99-109.

Kaye, Nick.  2009.  “Celebrating the Sounds Of Appalachian Strings” [Ole Time Fiddler’s and Bluegrass Festival, Union Grove, N.C.].  New York Times, 3 July, 28(C).  1243 words.  http://travel.nytimes.com/2009/07/03/travel/escapes/03Fiddle.html.

Kindall-Smith, Marsha, Constance L. McKoy, and Susan W. Mills.  2011.  “Challenging Exclusionary Paradigms in the Traditional Musical Canon: Implications for Music Education Practice.”  International Journal of Music Education 29, no. 4 (November): 374-386.  Neglected African American contributions to Appalachian music.

Kingsbury, Paul.  1997.  “Once More With Feeling: A Conversation With Dolly Parton.”  Journal of Country Music 19 (no. 2): 31-37.

Kirby, David.  2006.  “I Shot a Man in Corleone: How Sicily Explained Johnny Cash to Me.”  Shenandoah: The Washington and Lee University Review 56, no. 2 (Fall): 12-33.

Kirby, Rich.  2011.  “Addie Graham: Been A Long Time Traveling” [singer, Ky.].  Old-Time Herald 12, no. 10 (April-May).  Article is based on the notes to Graham’s 1978 LP, “Been a Long Time Traveling.”  “...she was born before 1900 near Gilmore, Wolfe County, Kentucky, and grew up on the headwaters of the Red River, an area which includes parts of Magoffin, Morgan, Wolfe, and Breathitt Counties.”  http://www.oldtimeherald.org/archive/back_issues/volume-12/12-10/index.html.

Kistler, Maura.  2002.  “‘I Won’t Be Home No More’: The Death of Hank Williams” [Jan. 1, 1953, Oak Hill, W.Va.].  Goldenseal: West Virginia Traditional Life 28 (Winter): 54-63.

Knight, Torie.  2000.  “The Fiddling Pheasants of Fairmont” [family musicians].  Goldenseal: West Virginia Traditional Life 26 (Spring): 39-43.

Koken, Walt, and Pete Peterson.  2008.  “Was It Really the Big Bang? The Invention of the Country Music Industry.”  Old-Time Herald 11, no. 6 (August-September).  Bristol Sessions, July-August, 1927. http://www.oldtimeherald.org/archive/back_issues/volume-11/11-6/big-bang.html.

Koken, Walt.  2012.  “Tales from the ‘Woods, Part 3: Marion” [1971; Marion, Va., fiddlers’ convention].  Old-Time Herald 13, no. 3. http://www.oldtimeherald.org/archive/back_issues/volume-13/13-3/woods.html.

Kotick, Lee.  2012.  “Larry Rice: Keeping the Lamp On” [1949-2006; mandolin player and oldest of the Rice Brothers].  Bluegrass Unlimited 47, no. 3 (September): 34-37.

Krim, Arthur.  2006.  “Appalachian Songcatcher: Olive Dame Campbell and the Scotch-Irish Ballad” [table, maps].  Journal of Cultural Geography 24, no. 1 (Fall/Winter): 91-112.

Kruger, Steve, and Cece Conway.  2007.  “Clifford Howard Glenn: Banjo and Dulcimer Player and Maker” [b. 1935; 2007 Brown-Hudson Folklore Award winner; Sugar Grove, Beech Mountain, Watauga River Valley].  North Carolina Folklore Journal 54, no. 2 (Fall-Winter): 13-17.

Kyriakoudes, Louis M.  2004.  “The Grand Ole Opry and the Urban South” [radio program].  Southern Cultures 10, no. 1 (Spring): 67-84.

Lange, Jeffrey J.  2004.  Smile When You Call Me a Hillbilly: Country Music’s Struggle for Respectability, 1939-1954.  Athens: University of Georgia Press.  313 pp.

Lankford, Ronnie D., Jr.  2003.  “The Triumph of an Independent Label Called Copper Creek” [bluegrass and old-time music; Roanoke, Va.].  Old-Time Herald 9, no. 1 (Fall).  http://www.oldtimeherald.org/archive/back_issues/.

Leavengood, Betty.  2007.  “Music on the Hill: The Cronin Family of Pleasants County” [multigenerational family of musicians; hymns, bluegrass, country].  Goldenseal: West Virginia Traditional Life 33, no. 2 (Summer): 52-57.

Ledgin, Stephanie P.  2002-2003.  “David Holt: The Getting There Is the Fun” [storyteller and musician].  Old-Time Herald Online 8, no. 6 (Winter).  http://www.oldtimeherald.org/pages/eissues.htm.

Ledgin, Stephanie P.  2004.  Homegrown Music: Discovering Bluegrass [brief history; resources list; selected discography; interviews].  Foreword by Ricky Skaggs.  Westport, Conn.: Praeger.  181 pp.

Ledgin, Stephanie P.  2005.  From Every Stage: Images of America’s Roots Music [200 photographs spanning 30 years].  Foreword by Charles Osgood.  Jackson: University Press of Mississippi.  146 pp.

Lee, Michael.  2002.  “My Dad, the Banjo Picker” [Ga.; advice on how to get started playing].  Interview by student Natasha Lee.  Foxfire Magazine 36 (Fall/Winter): 150-159.

Leland, John.  2002.  “High on a Hilltop with Music All Around” [Hiltons, Va.; Carter Family Fold].  New York Times, 8 August, 1(F).

LeRoy, Lance.  2003.  “Mr. ‘Good ‘n Country,’ Jimmy Martin: Complex, Creative, and Consumed with Bluegrass Music” [b. 1927, Hancock Co., Tenn.].  Bluegrass Unlimited 37 (May): 32-42.

Levy, Marian Leighton, and Ken Irwin.  2011.  “Hazel Dickens” [1935-2011].  Bluegrass Unlimited 45, no. 12 (June): 12.  Tribute and career overview.

Lewis, George H.  1997.  “Lap Dancer or Hillbilly Deluxe? The Cultural Constructions of Modern Country Music.”  Journal of Popular Culture 31 (Winter): 163-173.

Lifford, Brad.  2010.  “Still Bill” [Bill Withers].  Now and Then: The Appalachian Magazine 26, no. 1 (Summer): 70-71.  African-American Withers, a native of Slab Fork in Beckley, W.Va., who made famous the songs “Ain’t No Sunshine” and “Lean on Me,” is an inductee to the West Virginia Music Hall of Fame and the subject of a documentary, “Still Bill.”

Lilly, John, ed.  1999.  Mountains of Music: West Virginia Traditional Music From Goldenseal [reprints 25 stories from the magazine].  Music in American Life series.  Urbana: University of Illinois Press.  224 pp.

Lilly, John.  2000.  “‘Peace in the Valley’: West Virginia’s Singing Doorkeepers” [“Happy Valley Boys” gospel quartet].  Goldenseal: West Virginia Traditional Life 26 (Fall): 24-29.

Lilly, John.  2002.  “Hank’s Lost Charleston Show” [Hank Williams’ last show, New Year’s Eve, 1952; d. Jan. 1, 1953].  Goldenseal: West Virginia Traditional Life 28 (Winter): 64-65.

Lilly, John.  2003.  “Melvin Wine: 1909-2003” [W.Va. fiddler].  Sing Out! 47 (Summer): 219-220.

Lilly, John.  2003.  “The West Virginia Coon Hunters: On the Trail of a Lost String Band” [1920s-1940s; 1927 Bristol sessions recordings].  Goldenseal: West Virginia Traditional Life 29 (Spring): 56-59.

Lilly, John.  [2003] 2005.  “The West Virginia Coon Hunters: On the Trail of a Lost Mountain State String Band.”  In The Bristol Sessions: Writings about the Big Bang of Country Music, ed. C. Wolfe and T. Olson, 130-134.  Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland.  Reprinted from The Old-Time Herald 8, no. 7: 12-13.

Lilly, John.  2005.  “Jimmie Rodgers and the Bristol Sessions” [1927; biography].  In The Bristol Sessions: Writings about the Big Bang of Country Music, ed. C. Wolfe and T. Olson, 54-65.  Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland.

Lilly, John.  2008.  “The Blind Man’s Song: Recalling Alfred Reed” [1880-1956].  Goldenseal: West Virginia Traditional Life 34, no. 4 (Winter): 54-61.  Songwriter, singer, fiddler; Mercer, Summers, and Raleigh Counties; recordings list.

Lilly, John.  2009.  “Keep a-Goin: Musician Everett Lilly of Clear Creek” [Raleigh Co.].  Goldenseal: West Virginia Traditional Life 35, no. 2 (Summer): 26-33.  Profile of esteemed bluegrass musician Everett Lilly, born 1924, who formed the musical group the Lilly Brothers with Michael Burt Lilly, debuting in 1938. [Everett subsequently won the 2009 Vandalia Award, West Virginia’s highest folklife honor].

Lilly, John.  2009.  “Open Arms at Clifftop: 20th Appalachian String Band Music Festival.”  Goldenseal: West Virginia Traditional Life 35, no. 2 (Summer): 16-25.  Historic overview of this annual festival begun in 1990 at Camp Washington Carver in Fayette County.

Lilly, John.  2011.  “The Morris Brothers: Music from the Head of the Holler” [Clay Co.].  Goldenseal: West Virginia Traditional Life 37, no. 1 (Spring): 52-59.  During the 1960s-1970s, John and David Morris (fiddler and guitarist) “organized one of the state’s premier musical events....helped to found several other festivals in the region and set a high standard of performance and musical integrity.”

Lilly, John.  2011.  “There Was Always Music: Vandalia Award Recipient Buddy Griffin” [b. 1948, Richwood].  Goldenseal: West Virginia Traditional Life 37, no. 3 (Fall): 20-25.  Fiddler, banjoist, guitarist, singer, and bluegrass music educator at Glenville State College.

Lilly, John.  2012.  “‘Raised Really Tough’: The Life and Music of the Bing Brothers” [Wayne Co.; old-time musicians].  Goldenseal: West Virginia Traditional Life 38, no. 2 (Summer): 40-47.  Winners of the Vandalia Award “in recognition of their lifetime of contribution to West Virginia folklife and traditional culture.”

Lindahl, Carl.  2004.  “Thrills and Miracles: Legends of Lloyd Chandler” [1896-1978; advocates for Chandler as the original composer of the song “O Death,” 1916, Madison Co., N.C.; Table 1. Lloyd Chandler’s “Conversation with Death” compared with Dock Boggs/Ralph Stanley’s “O Death” and African versions;  Table 2. Versions and Variants of “Conversation with Death,” “O Death,” “Death in the Morning,” etc.;  Table 3. Three Versions of  “O Death” / “Conversation with Death”].  Journal of Folklore Research 41 (May-December): 133-171, with an Afterword, 173-180, and Responses by Frank Proschan, 267-273, and Stephanie Kane, 274-286.

Lipton, Michael, project director.  2007.  “West Virginia Music Hall of Fame.”  WV Music Hall of Fame, Charleston, W.Va.  [website; inaugural inductees: George Crumb, Billy Edd Wheeler, Hazel Dickens, Johnnie Johnson, Molly O’Day, Little Jimmy Dickens, Blind Alfred Reed, Leon “Chu” Berry, Clark Kessinger, Bill Withers].  http://www.wvmusichalloffame.com/homepage.html.

Livingston, Carolyn.  2003.  Charles Faulkner Bryan: His Life and Music [Tenn. composer, teacher].  Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press.  368 pp.

Long, John.  2005.  “The Devil, the Weaver’s Bonny, and Alfreda Peel: Exploring the Roots of an Ancient Virginia Folk Ballad” [discovered 1922; 15th-century English/Scottish ballad origins].  Smithfield Review: Studies in the History of the Region West of the Blue Ridge 9: 27-42.

Long, Kate.  2011.  “Country Music Legend Hazel Dickens Dies at 75” [b. 1935, Mercer Co., W.Va.].  Charleston Gazette (W.Va.), 23 April, 6(C).  657 words.  http://www.wvgazette.com/Entertainment/gazzmusic/201104220877.

Long, Lucy. 1998.  “Appalachian Plucked Dulcimer: Field Recordings in the Archive of Folk Culture.” [holds over 41 collections, earliest 1934]. Folklife Center News (Library of Congress) 20, no. 3 (Summer): 5-7.  http://www.loc.gov/folklife/news/index.html.

Lornell, Kip.  2002.  Introducing American Folk Music: Ethnic and Grassroot Traditions in the United States.  2nd ed.  Boston: McGraw-Hill.  302 pp., plus CD sound-disc.  [contents include: Mass media; Anglo-American secular folk and sacred music ; African American religious folk and secular folk music; The folk revivals and folk roots of contemporary popular music].

Lornell, Kip.  2004.  The NPR Curious Listener’s Guide to American Folk Music [many Appalachian contributions; history, biographies, discography].  New York: Berkeley Publishing Group.  233 pp.

Lowinger, Gene.  2009.  I Hear a Voice Calling: A Bluegrass Memoir.  Urbana: University of Illinois Press.  82 pp. (with 46 pp. of plates).  Fiddler Lowinger’s personal story plus photographs of Bill Monroe, public and private.  Contents: Beginnings, 1942-62 -- Learning bluegrass, 1963-65 -- Nashville, 1965-66 -- Home to study violin, 1966-92 -- Back to Monroe, bluegrass, and the violin, 1991-96 -- After Monroe, 1996 to the present.

Lowry, Terry.  2012.  “Days of Glory: Rock Music in the Kanawha Valley (1965-1975).”  Goldenseal: West Virginia Traditional Life 38, no. 1 (Spring): 12-22.  Sidebars: “‘Making Good Music’: A Visit with Drummer Gordon Cupit,” by Michael Lipton, 16-17; and “Tradition Rocks!” [guitarists, including blues musician Clarence Clifford “C.C.” Richardson], by Terry Lowry, 22.

Lozaw, Tristram.  2006.  “Music of the Coal Fields: A New Music Hall of Fame Digs into the Bituminous-Dusted Roots of West Virginia Music” [first outreach meeting, Mingo Co.].  Sing Out! 50, no. 2 (Summer): 18-21.

Lupton, John.  2002.  “Ralph Stanley: ‘Mountain Soul’ Brother to O Brother Phenomenon” [profile; 2000 film].  Sing Out! 46 (Fall): 36-48.

Lupton, John.  2009.  “Nimrod Workman: Remembering a Force of Nature” [1895-1994; folk song and ballad singer, coal miner, trade unionist].  Sing Out! 52, no. 4 (Spring): 23-28.

Lynch, Timothy P.  2001.  Strike Songs of the Depression.  American Made Music Series.  Jackson: University Press of Mississippi.  170 pp.

Lynn, Loretta, with George Vecsey.  [1976] 2001.  Loretta Lynn: Coal Miner’s Daughter.  Reprint.  New York: De Capo Press.  224 pp.  Originally published: New York: Warner Books.

Lynn, Loretta, with Patsi Bale Cox.  2002.  Still Woman Enough: A Memoir [sequel to Coal Miner’s Daughter (1976)].  New York: Hyperion.  384 pp.

Lynn, Loretta.  2004.  You’re Cookin’ It Country: My Favorite Recipes and Memories [120 recipes].  Nashville, Tenn.: Rutledge Hill Press.  208 pp.

Lyon, George Ella.  2011.  Which Side Are You On?: The Story of a Song [picture book; 1931 coal labor anthem; Harlan, Ky.].  Illustrated by Christopher Cardinale.  El Paso, Tex.: Cinco Puntos Press.  40 pp.  “...tells the story of a song which was written in 1931 by Florence Reece [1900-1986] in a rain of bullets. Florence’s husband Sam was a coal miner in Kentucky. Miners went on strike until they could get better pay, safer working conditions, and health care. The company hired thugs to attack the organizers like Sam Reece. Writer George Ella Lyon tells this hair-raising story through the eyes of one of Florence’s daughters.”

Maeder, John.  2002.  “Birthplace of Country Music Alliance’s Celebration for 75th Anniversary of Historic Bristol Sessions” [July 25-August 5, 1927].  Bluegrass Unlimited 37 (July): 34-39.

Malone, Bill C.  [1968] 2002.  Country Music, U.S.A. [history].  2nd rev. ed.  Austin: University of Texas Press.  628 pp.

Malone, Bill C.  [1993] 2003.  Singing Cowboys and Musical Mountaineers: Southern Culture and the Roots of Country Music.  Reprint.  Athens: University of Georgia Press.  155 pp.

Malone, Bill C.  2001.  “Keeping It Country: Tradition and Change, 1940 to the Present.”  In American Roots Music, ed.  R. Santelli, H. George-Warren, and J. Brown, 162-183.  New York: H. N. Abrams.

Malone, Bill C.  2002.  “Country Music, Where Art Thou?” [myth of Appalachian origins].  Progressive 66 (August): 36-37.

Malone, Bill C.  2002.  Don’t Get above Your Raisin’: Country Music and the Southern Working Class [history; 19th-century to present].  Music in American Life.  Urbana: University of Illinois Press.  392 pp.

Malone, Bill C.  2004.  “Music” [history].  In High Mountains Rising: Appalachia in Time and Place, ed. R. Straw and H. Blethen, 114-134.  Urbana: University of Illinois Press.

Malone, Bill C.  2008.  “Country Music.”  In The New Encyclopedia of Southern Culture, Vol. 12: Music, 48-55.  Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.

Malone, Bill C.  2011.  Music from the True Vine: Mike Seeger’s Life & Musical Journey [1933-2009].  Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.  235 pp.  Contents: The Seeger heritage | Folk music and politics: growing up in the Seeger household | Discovering bluegrass: the Baltimore years | The New Lost City Ramblers: creating the old-time music scene | Music from the true vine: Mike Seeger and the search for authenticity | Lexington and Alexia: home at last | The Mike Seeger legacy.

Malone, Bill C., and David Stricklin.  [1979] 2003.  Southern Music / American Music.  Rev. ed.  Lexington: University Press of Kentucky.  236 pp.

Malone, Bill C., ed.  2008.  Music, Vol. 12 of The New Encyclopedia of Southern Culture.  Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.  428 pp.  200 essays and entries including more than 100 individual musicians.

Manuel, Jeffrey T.  2008.  “The Sound of the Plain White Folk? Creating Country Music’s ‘Social Origins’” [white genre created by intellectuals excluding interracial connections].  Popular Music and Society  31, no. 4 (October): 417-431.

Margolies, Dan.  2007.  “Molly O’Day and the Gospel in Old-Time Country Music.”  Old-Time Herald 11, no. 2 (December 2007-January 2008).  Online, with three sound clips.  http://oldtimeherald.org/archive/back_issues/volume-11/11-2/oday.html.

Margolies, Dan.  2008.  “Traditional Music Collections Online.”  Old-Time Herald 11, no. 8 (December 2008-January 2009).  Annotated list of 37 sites with free audio links.  http://www.oldtimeherald.org/archive/back_issues/volume-11/11-8/digital-archives.html.

Marini, Stephen A.  2003.  Sacred Song in America: Religion, Music, and Public Culture.  Urbana: University of Illinois Press.  Chap. 3, “Sacred Harp Singing: Continuity and Change in the American Singing-School Tradition,” 68-99; and Chap. 11, “Gospel Music: Sacred Song and the Marketplace,” 298-319.

Marshall, Erynn L.  2006.  Music in the Air Somewhere: The Shifting Borders of West Virginia’s Fiddle and Song Traditions [oral histories; accompanying CD of field and archival recordings].  Morgantown: West Virginia University Press.  200 pp., plus sound disc.

Marshall, Grace.  2008.  “Appalachia’s Renaissance Man.”  Now and Then: The Appalachian Magazine 24, no. 2 (Fall/Winter): 57-60.  Gary Slemp (1947-2005), Wise County, Va., actor, musician, storyteller, singer, radio announcer and programmer, and lifelong friend of Jack Wright.

Marshall, Howard W.  2011.  “Live! At the Ozark Opry: An Appreciation of Vaudeville and ‘Show Fiddler’ LeRoy Haslag.”  Old-Time Herald 12, no. 9 (February-March).  “Launched in 1953....In its heyday the Ozark Opry competed successfully with Nashville’s Grand Ole Opry.”  http://www.oldtimeherald.org/archive/back_issues/volume-12/12-9/index.html.

Marshall, Howard. 2008.  “Keeping the Tie Hacker Tunes: Nile Wilson” [1912-2008].  Old-Time Herald 11, no. 6 (August-September): online, with three sound clips.  Traditional fiddler, Linn County, Mo.  http://www.oldtimeherald.org/archive/back_issues/volume-11/11-6/nile-wilson.html.

Marshall, Howard.  2012.  “‘King of the Folks’: R. P. Christeson and his Old-Time Fiddler’s Repertory” [Missouri].  Old-Time Herald 13, no. 3.  http://www.oldtimeherald.org/archive/back_issues/volume-13/13-3/index.html.

Martin, John.  2009.  “A History of Bluegrass Guitar in Western North Carolina” [Stanley Brothers guitar player George Shuffler].  North Carolina Folklore Journal 56, no. 2 (Fall-Winter): 34-51.

Martin, Mac.  2007.  “Memories of WWVA Radio and the Wheeling Jamboree” [1926-2005].  Bluegrass Unlimited 42, no. 2 (August): 48-51.

Matthews, Burgin.  2004.  “Bluegrass Meltdown: Mountain Music, Rock and Roll, and Family Tradition in the Music of Ralph Lewis and the Sons of Ralph” [Madison Co.].  North Carolina Folklore Journal 51 (Fall-Winter): 35-54.

Matthews, Scott.  2008.  “John Cohen in Eastern Kentucky: Documentary Expression and the Image of Roscoe Halcomb During the Folk Revival” [early 1960s].  Southern Spaces, 6 August: online photo-essays.  Contents: Preface | Introduction | Cohen’s Awakening | In the Folk Revival | Kentucky, 1959 | Portraying Roscoe Holcomb | Mountain Music of Kentucky | Mythologizing Halcomb | Documenting Halcomb | The High Lonesome Sound | Reception | Aftermath | Conclusion | Notes | Recommended Resources.  http://southernspaces.org/2008/john-cohen-eastern-kentucky-documentary-expression-and-image-roscoe-halcomb-during-folk-revival.

Mazor, Barry.  2009.  Meeting Jimmie Rodgers: How America’s Original Roots Music Hero Changed the Pop Sounds of a Century [1897-1933].  New York: Oxford University Press.  376 pp.

McArdle, Terence.  2012.  “Bluegrass Virtuoso Changed View of Banjo” [Earl Scruggs, d. March 28; obituary].  Washington Post, 29 March, 8(B).  1707 words.

McArdle, Terence.  2012.  “Crackerjack Flatpicker Influenced Generations” [Doc Watson, d. May 29; obituary].  Washington Post, 30 May, 5(B). 1,096 words.

McCeney, George.  2012.  “Arthel ‘Doc’ Watson” [d. May 29].  Bluegrass Unlimited 47, no. 2 (August): 26-27.  Brief profile of “the man,” not the musician.

McClain, Buzz.  2011.  “A Cozy Shrine for W.Va. Country Music.”  Washington Post, 20 May, 21(T).  1035 words.  West Virginia Country Music Hall of Fame, in Berkeley Springs [not to be confused with the West Virginia Music Hall of Fame, in Charleston]. http://www.washingtonpost.com/lifestyle/travel/escapes-down-home-country-music-at-a-wva-hall-of-fame/2011/05/03/AF4AzA7G_story.html?wpisrc=nl_travel.

McCrossan, Francesca McLean.  2000.  “Mandolins and Metaphors: Red Rector’s Musical Aesthetics” [b. 1929; Madison Co., N.C.].  In Country Music Annual 2000, ed. C. Wolfe and J. Akenson, 101-111.  Lexington: University Press of Kentucky.

McCusker, Kristine M.  2008.  Lonesome Cowgirls and Honky-Tonk Angels: The Women of Barn Dance Radio [1920s-1940s].  Music in American Life series.  Urbana: University of Illinois Press.  194 pp.  Linda Parker, Girls of the Golden West (Milly and Dolly Good), Lily May Ledford, Minnie Pearl, and Rose Lee Maphis

McCusker, Kristine M.  2009.  “Country Music.”  In The New Encyclopedia of Southern Culture, Vol. 13: Gender, 77-81.  Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.

McCusker, Kristine M.  2009.  “Sarah Colley Cannon (Minnie Pearl) (1912-1996): Gossiping about Grinder’s Switch – The Grand Ole Opry and the Modernization of Tennessee.”  In Tennessee Women: Their Lives and Times, ed. S. Freeman and B. Bond, 261-280.  Athens: University of Georgia Press.

McCusker, Kristine.  2003.  “Rose Lee Maphis and Working on Barn Dance Radio, 1930-1960.”  In The Women of Country Music: A Reader, ed. C. Wolfe and J. Akenson, 61-74.  Lexington: University Press of Kentucky.

McDonald, Janice Brown.  1996.  “Crown of Bright Glory: The Legendary Carter Stanley” [1925-1966].  Bluegrass Unlimited 30 (February): 38-43.

McDonough, Jimmy.  2010.  Tammy Wynette: Tragic Country Queen [1942-1998].  New York: Viking.  432 pp.  Originally published: London: Simon & Schuster (2008) as the title, Tragic Country Queen: The Biography of Tammy Wynette.  Born and raised in Itawamba County, Miss., Wynette’s best known song is her 1968 hit, “Stand by Your Man.”

McGee, Marty.  2000.  Traditional Musicians of the Central Blue Ridge: Old Time, Early Country, Folk and Bluegrass Label Recording Artists with Discographies [biographical dictionary; N.C., Va.].  Contributions to Southern Appalachian Studies, 3.  Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland.  245 pp.

McGhee, Tom.  1997.  “Tim Stafford” [profile; guitarist and ETSU professor].  Bluegrass Unlimited 32 (August): 22-24.

McGowan, Thomas.  1998.  “Leonard Glenn, 1910-1997" [memorial; banjo and dulcimer maker; N.C. Folk Heritage Award winner].  North Carolina Folklore Journal 45 (Summer-Fall): 93-94.

McGowan, Thomas.  2002.  “Betty Smith: Another Singer among Singers and a Writer among Writers” [2001 Brown-Hudson Award winner].  North Carolina Folklore Journal 49 (Spring/Summer): 40-42.

McGrath, Charles.  2009.  “Old-Timer, Still Telling Mountain Tales” [Ralph Stanley, b. 1927].  New York Times, 14 October, 1(C). 1185 words.  References newly published biography, Man of Constant Sorrow: The Life & Times of a Music Legend (New York: Gotham Books).  http://www.nytimes.com/2009/10/14/books/14stanley.html?_r=1&emc=eta1.

McKenzie, Trevor.  2012.  “Lonnie Ward: Traditional Musician.”  North Carolina Folklore Journal 58, no. 2 (Fall-Winter): 20-21.  Born 1928, Watauga County, N.C., string-instrument player Ward is a 2011 Brown-Hudson Folklore Award winner.

McLain, Raymond W.  2006.  “Remembering Janette Carter” [d. Jan. 22; last surviving child of A.P. and Sara Carter].  Now and Then: The Appalachian Magazine 22, no. 1 (Spring): 6-8.

McNeil, W. K.  2000.  “In Search of Fiddlin’ Sam Long of the Ozarks” [1876-1931].  In Country Music Annual 2000, ed. C. Wolfe and J. Akenson, 89-100.  Lexington: University Press of Kentucky.

Meacham, Matt.  2007.  “‘Daddy Loved Music’: Recalling Guitarist Roy Harvey” [1892-1958; 1920s country music recording pioneer].  Goldenseal: West Virginia Traditional Life 33, no. 4 (Winter): 50-57.  Sidebar: “The Music of Roy Harvey” [discography], 56.

Meade, Guthrie T., with Richard K. Spottswood, and Douglas S. Meade.  2002.  Country Music Sources: A Biblio-Discography of Commercially Recorded Traditional Music. Chapel Hill, N.C.: Southern Folklife Collection, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Libraries in Association with the John Edwards Memorial Forum.  1002 pp.

Meredith, Dianne.  2001.  “Migration and Adaptation of Popular Balladry in the US Appalachian Region” [from 17th century].  Scottish Geographical Journal 117 (no. 3): 169-183.

Michaels, Bill.  2005.  “O Brother, Is Bluegrass Music Growing!” [statistics, 2001-2004].  Bluegrass Unlimited 39 (June): 50-58.

Millard, Gladys Carter.  2005.  “I Remember Daddy” [A. P. Carter, b. 1891].  In The Bristol Sessions: Writings about the Big Bang of Country Music, ed. C. Wolfe and T. Olson, 172-182.  Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland.  Reprinted, originally self-published.

Miller, Kiri, ed.  2002.  The Chattahoochee Musical Convention, 1852-2002: A Sacred Harp Historical Sourcebook.  Carrollton, Ga.: The Sacred Harp Museum.  359 pp.

Miller, Kiri.  2008.  Traveling Home: Sacred Harp Singing and American Pluralism.  Music in American Life.  Urbana: University of Illinois Press.  245 pp.  History of shape-note singing.

Milliner, Clare, and Walt Koken.  2007.  “Fiddle Workshop: Posey Rorer’s Flying Clouds.”  Old-Time Herald 11, no. 2 (December 2007-January 2008).  Online, with sound clip.  http://oldtimeherald.org/archive/back_issues/volume-11/11-2/workshop.html.

Mills, Jim.  2004.  “The Story of One Man, Two Banjos, and Why We All Want a Prewar Flathead Five-String Gibson Mastertone Banjo” [Dewitt “Snuffy” Jenkins, b. 1908, N.C.].  Bluegrass Unlimited 39 (November): 26-31.

Milner, Liz.  2007.  “The Career of Mountain Dulcimer Virtuoso Ralph Lee Smith.”  Old-Time Herald 10, no. 10 (April-May).  Online, with sound clip.  http://oldtimeherald.org/archive/back_issues/volume-10/10-10/ralph-lee-smith.html.

Milnes, Gerald.  1999.  Play of a Fiddle: Traditional Music, Dance, and Folklore in West Virginia.  Lexington: University Press of Kentucky.  211 pp.

Milnes, Gerry, and Jimmy Triplett.  2003.  “Remembering Melvin Wine” [1909-2003; W.Va. fiddler].  Special Web edition with profile, photos and MP3s.  Old-Time Herald 9, no. 2 (Winter 2003-2004).  http://www.oldtimeherald.org/melvinwine/index.html.

Minton, John.  2008.  78 Blues: Folksongs and Phonographs in the American South.  American Made Music Series.  Jackson: University Press of Mississippi.  288 pp.  “Hillbilly” and “race” records, 1920s-1940s.

Montell, William Lynwood, ed.  2006.  Grassroots Music in the Upper Cumberland [Ky., Tenn.].  Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press.  311 pp.  Contents: Kentucky. Adair County music / Barry R. Pritts; Clinton County music across the years / Libby Mullinix; Story and song: music and musicians in Cumberland County / J. Paul McCoy; Metcalfe County music and musicians / John Fred Young; Monroe County music across the years / Lynwood Montell; Pulaski County grassroots music / Robert Sears; Russell County music / Joyce Haywood; Wayne County musicians / Harlan Ogle -- Tennessee. Clay county music / Myra Burnette; Cumberland County music history / Barbara B. Parsons; Dekalb County music / Mac Willoughby; Fentress County grassroots music / Myra Smith; Jackson County music / Janey Dudney; Vernacular roots music in Macon County / Ross Fuqua; The traditional music of Overton County / Graham S. Kash; Traditional music in Putnam County; Bettye Choate Kash.

Moore, Daniel Martin.  2011.  “Daniel Martin Moore [interview].  Still: The Journal, no. 5 (Winter).  1,759 words.  Moore talks about his record Dear Companion (2010; designed to raise awareness about mountaintop removal mining), folk music, and his new album, In the Cool of the Day.  http://www.stilljournal.net/daniel-martin-moore-interview.php.

Morrell, Mabel Phelps.  2005.  “My Memories of the Bristol Sessions” [1927].  In The Bristol Sessions: Writings about the Big Bang of Country Music, ed. C. Wolfe and T. Olson, 183-184.  Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland.

Morritt, Eric.  2005.  “Early Sound Recording Technology and the Bristol Sessions” [1927; from acoustic to electronic: Victor Talking Machine Co.].  In The Bristol Sessions: Writings about the Big Bang of Country Music, ed. C. Wolfe and T. Olson, 7-13.  Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland.

Moser, Irene.  2010.  “Etowah Christian Harmony Singing” [2010 Community Traditions Award winner].  North Carolina Folklore Journal 57, no. 2 (Fall-Winter): 29-33.  Shaped note singing; Etowah community, Henderson County.

Murphy, Jim.  2007.  “Wayne Henderson: Music Making Mountain Man” [Henderson Guitars; southwest Va.].  Bluegrass Unlimited 41, no. 8 (February): 52-56.

Music [website].  2010.  Southern Cultures, Center for the Study of the American South, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.  Links to all 60 of Southern Culture’s music essays and features from the last decade including content from the four special music issues.  http://www.southerncultures.org/content/read/read_by_subject/music/.

Nage, Larry.  2011.  “Alison Krauss & Union Station’s Flight Plan Paper Airplane Lands AKUS Back on the Bus” [new LP].  Bluegrass Unlimited 46, no. 4 (October): 24-29.  Member profiles and band history.

Nager, Larry.  2009.  “‘Grass from a Hole in the Ground’: Bluegrass Underground” [Cumberland Caverns, McMinnville, Tenn.].  Bluegrass Unlimited 44, no. 1 (July): 40-43.

Nager, Larry.  2009.  “Dale Ann Bradley–Won’t Back Down: Her ‘Scars and Scuffmarks’ Make Beautiful Bluegrass” [b. Bell Co., Ky.; New Coon Creek Girls; two-time IBMA Female Vocalist of the Year].  Bluegrass Unlimited 44, no. 2 (August): 22-26.

Nager, Larry.  2009.  “Ricky Skaggs: Fifty Years Honoring the Fathers.”  Bluegrass Unlimited 43, no. 10 (April): 24-32.

Nager, Larry.  2010.  “Bluegrass, Biscuits, and Beyond: Corporate Sponsorships Hit New Level” [Cracker Barrel].  Bluegrass Unlimited 45, no. 4 (October): 32-36.  In the tradition of the Martha White (flour and cornbread) sponsorship -- from 1947.

Nager, Larry.  2010.  “Marty Stuart Keeps It Rural: RFD-TV Show Spotlights Bluegrass and Classic Country.”  Bluegrass Unlimited 45, no. 2 (August): 24-29.

Nager, Larry.  2010.  “Travelin’ McCourys – Blaze Their Own Trail” [“Del-less”].  Bluegrass Unlimited 44, no. 12 (June): 24-29.

Nager, Larry.  2012.  “Larry Cordle: Out of His Own Mouth” [Ky., b. 1949; singer-songwriter, guitarist].  Bluegrass Unlimited 47, no. 4 (October): 16-22.

Nassour, Ellis.  2008.  Honky Tonk Angel: The Intimate Story of Patsy Cline.  Chicago, Ill.: Chicago Review Press.  306 pp.  Expanded edition, first published as Patsy Cline by Leisure Books in 1981, then as Honky Tonk Angel by St. Martin’s Press in 1993.

Neal, Jocelyn R.  2009.  “Top Ten Country Music Stars.”  Southern Cultures 15, no. 3 (Fall): 70-74.  Brief descriptions of five men and five women, including: Dolly Parton, Loretta Lynn, Hank Williams, and Jimmie Rodgers.

Neal, Jocelyn R.  2009.  The Songs of Jimmie Rodgers: A Legacy in Country Music [1897-1933;  overview of his career and music].  Profiles in Popular Music series.  Bloomington: Indiana University Press.  318 pp.

Neal, Jocelyn R.  2012.  Country Music: A Cultural and Stylistic History.  New York: Oxford University Press.  530 pp.  Contents: I. The early years (1920s and 1930s) | The birth of country music | The big bang of country music | Innovation and change | II: World War II and after: nationalism and country music (1940s and 1950s) | Honky-Tonk heyday | The birth of bluegrass | Rockabilly and teen romance | III. The big business of country music (1960s and 1970s) | The Nashville sound and musical innovation | California country and country rock | Traditionalists and classic country | IV. Expansion: from country to rock and pop and back again (1970s and 1980s) | Outlaw country and southern rock rebellion | Urban cowboys, countrypolitan, and the Reagan Era | Neotraditionalists and remaking the past | V: Country music in popular culture (1990s and 2000s) | The commercial country explosion | Alternative country and roots revival | Into the present.

Neal, Jocelyn.  2005.  “Ernest Stoneman’s 1927 Session: Hillbilly Recordings of Gospel Hymns.”  In The Bristol Sessions: Writings about the Big Bang of Country Music, ed. C. Wolfe and T. Olson, 187-213.  Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland.

Nelson, Donald Lee.  [1972] 2005.  “The Life of Alfred G. Karnes” [Baptist preacher and gospel musician].  In The Bristol Sessions: Writings about the Big Bang of Country Music, ed. C. Wolfe and T. Olson, 119-129.  Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland.  Reprinted from The JEMF Quarterly 8 (1972): 31-38.

Netherland, Tom.  2008.  “Bristol Sessions: 80th Anniversary.”  Bluegrass Unlimited 42, no. 7 (January): 40-46.  Sidebars: “Song of the Mountains,” [live performance, first Saturday of each month, Lincoln Theatre, Marion, Va.], 42-43; and “Rhythm and Roots Reunion Festival” [Bristol, Va./Tenn., founded 2001], 44-45.

Netherland, Tom.  2010.  “Tennessee Fall Homecoming.”  Bluegrass Unlimited 44, no. 7 (January): 26-30.  Annual gathering on the grounds of the Museum of Appalachia, Norris, Tenn.

Netherland, Tom.  2012.  “James Alan Shelton” [profile; b. 1960].  Bluegrass Unlimited 47, no. 1 (July): 34-39.  Guitarist for Ralph Stanley’s Clinch Mountain Boys.

Netherland, Tom.  2012.  “Larry Sparks: Fiftieth Anniversary” [performing].  Bluegrass Unlimited 47, no. 5 (November): 16-21.  Singer and guitarist, b. 1947 the youngest of nine, Lebanon, Ohio.

Newberry, Joe.  2006.  “The Ralph and Robbie Show on Mt. Airy’s WPAQ” [begun 1948; “Blue Ridge Spotlight”].  Old-Time Herald 10, no. 4 (April-May).  Online, with sound clip.  http://www.oldtimeherald.org/archive/back_issues/volume-10/10-4/wpaq.html.

Newton, Stephen.  2005.  “The Phantoms of the Opry” [1976 memoir: 24-year-old janitor; Grand Ole Opry House].  In Crossroads: A Southern Culture Annual, ed. Ted Olson, 127153.  Macon, Ga.: Mercer University Press.

Nichols, Sheila.  2005.  “Art Stamper: The Legendary Lost Fiddler” [Ky.; 1933-2004; IBMA Distinguished Achievement Award winner, 2004 ].  Bluegrass Unlimited 39 (March): 28-32.

Niles, John Jacob.  [1961] 2000.  The Ballad Book of John Jacob Niles [1892-1980; 65 folk songs].  Reprint, with new introduction by Ron Pen. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky.  370 pp.  Originally published: Boston: Houghton Mifflin.

Nowlin, Bill.  2009.  “The Death of Ray Brewster” [1948; Loudon Co., Tenn.; sheriff’s mistreatment].  Bluegrass Unlimited 44, no. 5 (November): 32-36.

Null, Matthew.  2006.  “A Few Questions for Mike Seeger” [b. 1933; interview].  Shenandoah: The Washington and Lee University Review 56, no. 2 (Fall): 55-64.

Null, Matthew.  2006.  “An Interview with Janette Carter” [1923-2006; last surviving child of A.P. and Sara Carter].  Shenandoah: The Washington and Lee University Review 56, no. 2 (Fall): 96-102.

Olson, Ted, and Ajay Kalra.  2005.  “The Birthplace of Country Music, 75 years Later: The Cradle Still Rocks” [Tri-Cities area: Bristol, Tenn./Va.; Kingsport and Johnson City, Tenn.].  In The Bristol Sessions: Writings about the Big Bang of Country Music, ed. C. Wolfe and T. Olson, 257-270.  Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland.

Olson, Ted, and Ajay Kalra.  2006.  “Appalachian Music: Examining Popular Assumptions” [recent film depictions; history; with suggested readings].  In A Handbook to Appalachia: An Introduction to the Region, ed. G. Edwards, J. Asbury, and R. Cox, 163-179.  Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press.

Olson, Ted, with Tony Russell, ed.  2011.  The Bristol Sessions, 1927-1928: The Big Bang of Country Music.  Hambergen, Germany: Bear Family Records.  120 pp.  Companion book to the 5-CD box set of the same title.  Discography, program notes, song lyrics, essays, and photos.

Olson, Ted.  2000.  “‘Your Inner Voice that Comes from God’: Country Singers’ Attitudes toward the Sacred.”  In Country Music Annual 2000, ed. C. Wolfe and J. Akenson, 4-21.  Lexington: University Press of Kentucky.

Olson, Ted.  2006.  “‘Pass It On Down’: Environmental Themes in Country Songs.”  Shenandoah: The Washington and Lee University Review 56, no. 2 (Fall): 186-194.

Olson, Ted, section editor.  2006.  “Music” [signed entries on musicians, groups, themes, styles].  In Encyclopedia of Appalachia, ed. R. Abramson and J. Haskell, 1109-1222 (with introductory essay, 1109-1115).  Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press.  See also digitized version (2011) of this section: http://encyclopediaofappalachia.com/category.php?rec=53.

On the Edge–Highlight.  2008.  Review of “Music of Coal: Mining Songs from the Appalachian Coalfields,” by Jack Wright, producer and editor.  Bluegrass Unlimited 42, no. 8 (February): 53.  Two-CD compilation with 70-page book.

Ostendorf, Ann.  2004.  “Song Catchers, Ballad Makers, and New Social Historians: The Historiography of Appalachian Music” [1890-1950s].  Tennessee Historical Quarterly 63 (Fall): 192-202.

Parsons, Penny.  2004.  “Curly Seckler: Bluegrass Pioneer” [singer; mandolin].  Bluegrass Unlimited 38 (June): 38-45.

Parsons, Penny.  2005.  “Larry Sparks: Be Real, and Stick With It” [guitarist, b. 1947].  Bluegrass Unlimited 39 (June): 30-36.

Parsons, Penny.  2006.  “The McCormick Brothers: Bluegrass Music’s Best-Kept Secret” [1950s-60s; Gerald, William and Haskel].  Bluegrass Unlimited 40, no.12 (June): 58-64.

Parsons, Penny.  2009.  “The Many Hats of Melvin Goins” [b. 1933?; Bluefield, W.Va.; guitarist, promoter].  Bluegrass Unlimited 43, no. 12 (June): 26-31.

Parton, Dolly.  1994.  Dolly: My Life and Other Unfinished  Business.  New York: HarperCollins.  338 pp.

Patterson, Beverly Bush.  1995.  The Sound of the Dove: Singing in Appalachian Primitive Baptist Churches.  Urbana: University of Illinois Press.  238 pp.

Patterson, Beverly Bush.  2002.  “Ballad Singing in Madison County, North Carolina.”  In American Musical Traditions. Vol. 3, British Isles Music, ed. J. Titon and B. Carlin, 66-70.  New York: Schirmer Reference.

Patterson, Beverly Bush.  2002.  “Primitive Baptist Singing in the Southern Appalachians.”  In American Musical Traditions. Vol. 3, British Isles Music, ed. J. Titon and B. Carlin, 57-60.  New York: Schirmer Reference.

Patterson, Daniel W.  1998.  “Sheila Kay Adams: Seventh-Generation Ballad Singer” [Madison Co., N.C.].  North Carolina Folklore Journal 45 (Summer-Fall): 115-116.

Pearl, Minnie.  2005.  “Minnie Pearl Speech” [Sarah Cannon, 1912-1996].  Bluegrass Unlimited 40 (December): 38-41.  Comedienne’s 1980s address on the beginnings of the Grand Ole Opry and country music.

Pearson, Barry Lee, Jeffrey Place, comps.  [1971] 2010.  Classic Appalachian Blues from Smithsonian Folkways [CD sound disk; 1:07:31 hrs.].  Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Folkways Recordings.  “Born in the racially mixed mines and railroad camps of the southern mountains, Appalachian blues features a blend of African and European musical traditions and a rich variety of styles. Culled from Smithsonian Folkways deep catalog, this collection showcases recordings from all over the region. Includes 11 previously unreleased tracks.”  Contents: My baby’s gone (Sticks McGhee) -- Louise blues (Big Chief Ellis with Cephas and Wiggins) -- Sitting on top of the world (Doc Watson) -- Railroad Bill (John Jackson) -- Don’t let your deal go down (Bill Williams) -- You don’t know my mind (Pink Anderson) -- Blues around my bed (J.C. Burris) -- Hesitation blues (Rev. Gary Davis) -- Pawn shop blues (Brownie McGhee) -- The road is rough and rocky (Archie Edwards) -- Hoodoo blues (Martin, Bogan and Armstrong) -- Red river blues (Lesley Riddle) -- Walking cane (Peg Leg Sam Jackson) -- One dime blues (Etta Baker) -- Mississippi heavy water blues (Roscoe Holcomb) -- Outskirts of town (Josh White) -- See what you done done (Baby Tate) -- I got a woman (Marvin & Turner Foddrell) -- Girl dressed in green (John Tinsley) -- Blues in the morning (E.C. Ball) -- Wine blues (drinkin’ wine spo-dee-oh-dee) (Sticks McGhee).

Pecknold, Diane.  2002.  “The Selling Sound of Country Music: Class, Culture, and Early Radio Marketing Strategy of the Country Music Association.”  In Country Music Annual 2002, ed. C. Wolfe and J. Akenson, 54-81..  Lexington: University Press of Kentucky.

Pecknold, Diane.  2007.  The Selling Sound: The Rise of the Country Music Industry.  Refiguring American Music series.  Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press.  294 pp.

Peer, Ralph.  [1953] 2005.  “Discovery of the First Hillbilly Great” [Jimmie Rodgers; 1927].  In The Bristol Sessions: Writings about the Big Bang of Country Music, ed. C. Wolfe and T. Olson, 137-141.  Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland.  Reprinted from Billboard magazine, May 16, 1953.

Pen, Ronald.  2010.  I Wonder As I Wander: The Life of John Jacob Niles [1892-1980; Ky. singer, composer, folk collector].  Foreword by Rick Kogan.  Lexington: University Press of Kentucky.  371 pp.  Contents: Overture: sunrise in Clark County -- The families gather at the river -- The move to rural Jefferson County -- Independence and adventure -- Jack Niles goes off to war -- Life after the war -- Creating a life in the Big Apple -- Kerby and Niles present folk music on the concert stage -- Doris Ulmann -- Transitions and new beginnings -- Life in Lexington -- Settled in Kentucky -- Dean of American balladeers -- Consolidation of a life in music -- Do not go gentle -- Coda.  See also: The Ballad Book of John Jacob Niles (University Press of Kentucky, 2000 [1961]).

Peterson, Pete.  2005.  “Getting Started with Charlie Poole Style Banjo” [clawhammer banjo workshop: tablature and online audio clips].  Audio recordings by Walt Koken   The Old-Time Herald Volume 9, no. 8 (Summer).  http://www.oldtimeherald.org/archive/back_issues/volume-9/9-8/workshop-poole.html.

Peterson, Pete.  2007.  “Walt Koken–“Gonna live in the highwoods til I die.”  Old-Time Herald 10, no. 8 (December 2006-January 2007).  Online, with sound clip.  http://oldtimeherald.org/archive/back_issues/volume-10/10-8/walt-koken.html.

Peterson, Richard A.  1997.  Creating Country Music: Fabricating Authenticity [1923-1953].  Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Piazza, Tom.  1999.  True Adventures with the King of Bluegrass [biography of singer and guitarist Jimmy Martin, b. 1927, East Tenn.].  Foreword by Mary Stuart.  Nashville: The Country Music Foundation Press & Vanderbilt University Press.  108 pp.

Pilley, Nick.  2002.  “Appalachian Clogging in Britain: The Green Grass Legacy.”  Old-Time Herald 8 (February-April): 11-14, 33.

Plantenga, Bart.  2004.  “The Hillbillies Are Alive with Yodeling” [Jimmie Rodgers and others]. Chapter 8 in Yodel-Ay-Ed-Oooo: The Secret History of Yodeling Around the World, 185-212.  New York: Routledge.

Plaster, J. Scott.  1996.  “An Enduring Voice: Celtic Influences on the Appalachian Ballad ‘Black Jack Davy’” [Child Ballad #200].  Journal of Appalachian Studies 2 (Spring): 87-102.

Plaut, Linda, and Lyn Wolz.  1995.  “Two Gardeners of Song: Exploiters or Preservers?”  In Appalachia and the Politics of Culture, ed. E. C. Fine.  Journal of the Appalachian Studies Association 7: 41-49.  Johnson City: East Tennessee State University, Center for Appalachian Studies and Services.

Poe, Randy.  2003.  “June Carter Cash (1929-2003).”  Sing Out! 47 (Fall): 213.

Posey, Lawton W.  2008.  “Richard Ruddle and the Reed Organs of Pendleton County.”  Goldenseal: West Virginia Traditional Life 34, no. 1 (Spring): 22-27.  History of rare church pump-organs.

Potorti, David, and Alice Gerrard, ed.  2001.  “John Hartford--Reminiscences.”  Interviews by David Potorti.  Old-Time Herald Online 8, no. 1 (Fall): 29 para.  http://www.oldtimeherald.org/pages/8-1/hartford.htm.

Potorti, David.  2002.  “Didn’t He Ramble!: Family, Friends and Fellow Musicians Remember Tommy Thompson.”  Old-Time Herald Online 8, no. 4 (Summer).  http://www.oldtimeherald.org/pages/eissues.htm.

Pruett, David B.  2002.  “WPAQ Radio: The Voice of the Blue Ridge Mountains” [Mount Airy, N.C.].  In Country Music Annual 2002, ed. C. Wolfe and J. Akenson, 151-160.  Lexington: University Press of Kentucky.

Purinton, Darcy.  2008.  “Kids’ Academies: A Trend in Bluegrass Education.”  Bluegrass Unlimited 42, no. 7 (January): 58-61.

Raines, David, and Tricia Walker.  2008.  “Poetry for the People: Country Music and American Social Change” [after WWI].  Southern Quarterly 45, no. 2 (Winter): 44-52.

Ramella, Richard.  2004.  “West Virginia’s Three State Songs” [official songs, composed 1885, 1947, 1962].  Goldenseal: West Virginia Traditional Life 30 (Summer): 18-23.  Appended stories: “A State of Music: Songs of Hills and Home,” 24-28, and “When ‘Country Roads’ Began: Genesis of a Mountain Favorite” [John Denver, 1971; W.Va.’s adopted, unofficial state anthem], 29.

Rector, Ernestine Parker.  2008.  “Red Rector” [1929-1990].  Tennessee Folklore Society Bulletin 64, no. 1 (Spring): 9-21.  Bluegrass mandolin player; career overview by his wife.

Reid, Gary B.  2011.  “Curly Seckler” [b. 1920; tenor, guitarist, and Hall of Fame inductee].  Bluegrass Unlimited 45, no. 8 (February): 20-25.

Reid, Gary B.  2011.  “Jim Shumate: Bluegrass Triple Threat” [b. 1921; N.C.; fiddler].  Bluegrass Unlimited 46 no. 1 (July): 40-44.  Performed with Bill Monroe & the Blue Grass Boys, the Stanley Brothers, and Lester Flatt, Earl Scruggs & the Foggy Mountain Boys.

Reid, Gary.  2010.  “Retracing the Footsteps of the Kings.”  Bluegrass Unlimited 44, no. 7 (January): 40-45.  King Records of Cincinnati, Ohio (1943-1971) which recorded first generation bluegrass bands including the Stanley Brothers.

Reid, W. Bruce.  2001.  “The Stripling Brothers 2000” [sons of Ala. fiddler Charlie Stripling, now in their 80s].  Old-Time Herald Online 7, no. 8 (Summer): 20 para.   http://www.oldtimeherald.org/pages/7-8/stripling.htm.

Remsberg, Rich.  2010.  Hard Luck Blues: Roots Music Photographs from the Great Depression.  Foreword by Nicholas Dawidoff; afterword by Henry Sapoznik.  Music in American Life series.  Urbana: University of Illinois Press, published in association with the Library of Congress.  220 pp.  Two hundred photographs by New Deal FSA photographers, including Jack Delano, Dorothea Lange, Russell Lee, Arthur Rothstein, Ben Shahn, Marion Post Wolcott, and others.

Reynolds, Karen Wheeling.  2011.  Tom Dooley: The Story Behind the Ballad [Tom Dula, c.1843/4-1868; murder trial; N.C.].  Bristol, Va.: Little Creek Books.  275 pp.

Rice, Harry S.  1997.  “Renfro Valley Broadcast Recordings and Selected Scripts, 1937-1941" [lists song titles and musician/group].  Journal of Country Music 19 (no. 2): 24-25.

Rice, Harry S.  1997.  “Renfro Valley on the Radio, 1937-1941" [Renfro Valley Barn Dance, Ky., live broadcast].  Journal of Country Music 19 (no. 2): 16-25.

Ritchie, Jean, comp.  [1952, 1964] 1999.  Jean Ritchie’s Swapping Song Book [21 songs].  Photographs by George Peckow; foreword by Charles Wolfe.  Lexington: University Press of Kentucky.  85 pp.  Formerly published, New York: H. Z. Walck, 1964.

Ritchie, Jean.  1997.  Folk Songs of the Southern Appalachians As Sung By Jean Ritchie.  2nd ed.  Forewords by Alan Lomax and Ron Pen.  Lexington: University Press of Kentucky.  100 pp.  Originally published: New York: Oak Publications, 1965.

Roberts, Glenn, Jr.  2003.  “Paul Williams: An Unsung Bluegrass Music Legend” [b. 1935; Lonesome Pine Fiddlers].  Bluegrass Unlimited 37 (April): 30-36.

Roberts, Glenn.  2005.  “Jack Cooke: A Bluegrass Music Pioneer...Well, Almost” [bass fiddle and guitar; b. 1936, Norton, Va.].  Bluegrass Unlimited 40 (September): 36-42.

Robertson, David.  2009.  W. C. Handy: The Life and Times of the Man Who Made the Blues [1873-1958; northern Ala.].  New York: Knopf.  286 pp.

Rodgers, Carrie.  [1935, 1975] 2005.  “My Husband, Jimmie Rodgers” [1897-1933].  In The Bristol Sessions: Writings about the Big Bang of Country Music, ed. C. Wolfe and T. Olson, 142-160.  Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland.  Reprinted from My Husband, Jimmie Rodgers, Nashville: Country Music Foundation Press.

Romanoski, Steve.  2007.  “Earl Scruggs: Still Pickin’.”  Sing Out! 51, no. 1 (Spring): 52-57.

Rorrer, Kinney.  2006.  “H. O. Jenkins: Heir to the Jenkins Family Legacy” [Surry Co., N.C.].  Old-Time Herald 10, no. 7 (October-November).  Online, with sound clip of 1927 recording, “Take Me Back to the Sweet Sunny South.”  http://www.oldtimeherald.org/archive/back_issues/volume-10/10-7/jenkins.html.

Rorrer, Kinney.  2007.  “Posey Rorer of Franklin County, Virginia” [and W.Va.; fiddler, b. 1891].  Old-Time Herald 11, no. 2 (December 2007-January 2008).  http://oldtimeherald.org/archive/back_issues/volume-11/11-2/rorer.html.

Rosenbaum, Art.  2002.  “Down Yonder: Old-Time String Band Music from Georgia” [Gordon Tanner, b. 1916, Gwinnett Co.].  In American Musical Traditions. Vol. 3, British Isles Music, ed. J. Titon and B. Carlin, 108-114.  New York: Schirmer Reference.

Rosenbaum, Art.  2011.  “A Day in the North Georgia Mountains.”  Old-Time Herlad 13, no. 1 (October 15).  Rabun County.

http://www.oldtimeherald.org/archive/back_issues/volume-13/13-1/index.html.

Rosenberg, Madelyn.  2010.  “If Trouble Don’t Kill Me: Stories from Ralph Berrier, Jr.”  Bluegrass Unlimited 45, no. 3 (September): 38-41.  Discusses Berrier’s just-published biography of his grandfather and great uncle, twins Clayton Hall (1919-2003) and Saford Hall (1919-1999), of Patrick County, Va.: If Trouble Don’t Kill Me: A Family’s Story of Brotherhood, War, and Bluegrass (Crown Publishers, 2010).

Rosenberg, Neil V.  [1985] 2005.  Bluegrass: A History [bibliography, discography].  Reprint, with a new preface.  Music in American Life.  Urbana: University of Illinois Press.  447 pp.

Rosenberg, Neil V.  2007.  “Family Values Seeger Style: A Seeger Family Tribute at the Library of Congress” [Pete Seeger].  Folklife Center News (Library of Congress) 29, no. 1-2 (Winter/Spring): 3-11.  http://www.loc.gov/folklife/news/pdf/afcnews-winterspring-2007.pdf.

Rosenberg, Neil V., and  Wolfe, Charles K.  2007.  The Music of Bill Monroe [1911-1996; complete bio-discography of sound and visual recordings, 1939-1996].  Music in American Life.  Urbana: University of Illinois Press.  347 pp.

Roth, Marcus.  2005.  “Twists And Twangs: Virginia Plots Its Musical Heritage Along a ‘Crooked Road’” [250-mile musical heritage trail; Southwestern Va.; numerous links, directory, map].  Washington Post, 11 May, 2(C).  21 paras.    http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2005/05/10/AR2005051001336.html.

Rounder Collective, The, (Ken Irwin, Marian Leighton Levy, and Bill Nowlin).  2005.  “The Life of Blind Alfred Reed” [1880-1956; W.Va. singer, songwriter, fiddler].  In The Bristol Sessions: Writings about the Big Bang of Country Music, ed. C. Wolfe and T. Olson, 125-129.  Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland.

Rountree, Travis A.  2009.  “Returning to the Far Past: Isaac Garfield Greer’s Ballad Collection Revisited” [W.L. Eury Appalachian Collection, Appalachian State University].  North Carolina Folklore Journal 56, no. 1 (Spring-Summer): 10-20.

Rubin, Mark.  2005.  “Charlie Poole: The Man at Country Music’s Roots” [1892-1931; banjo player; North Carolina Ramblers].  Sing Out!  49, no. 3 (Fall): 18-25.

Ruchala, James.  2007.  “‘Sally Ann’ and the Blue-Ridge String-band Tradition.”  North Carolina Folklore Journal 54, no. 2 (Fall-Winter): 29-75.  A study of  “the various ways the song has been played, arranged, accompanied and transmitted over the last century.” Verses, schematics, transcriptions, discography.

Rucker, James “Sparky.”  2008.  “The Story of the ‘Ballad of Tom Dooley’.”  Appalachian Heritage 36, no. 1 (Winter): 49-52.  1860s N.C., Tenn.; 1927 recording.

Rudder, Randy.  2004.  “The Last Ride on the Lost Highway” [Hank Williams; New Year’s Eve, 1952; W.Va.].  In CrossRoads: A Southern Culture Annual, ed. Ted Olson, 290-309.  Macon, Ga.: Mercer University Press.

Rudder, Randy.  2007.  “The Million-Dollar Mandolin: Bluegrass Music’s Finest Relic Finally Finds a Home” [Bill Monroe, 1911-1996].  Southern Cultures 13, no. 3 (Fall): 126-131.

Rumble, John W.  2004.  “Heartbreakers and Moneymakers: Tennessee’s Country Music Industry.”  In A History of Tennessee Arts: Creating Traditions, Expanding Horizons, ed. C. West and M. Binnicker, 445-461.  Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press.

Russell, Rob.  2007.  “The Appalachian Roots of Rock and Roll” [Roy Hall and Stick McGhee; Tenn.].  Now and Then: The Appalachian Magazine 23, no. 2 (Fall/Winter): 63-65.

Russell, Tony, and Bob Pinson.  2004.  Country Music Records: A Discography, 1921-1942 [2,500 artists, 5,000 session musicians, and 10,000 songs].  New York: Oxford University Press.  1183 pp.

Russell, Tony.  2007.  Country Music Originals: The Legends and the Lost [brief biogaphies; 110 musicians or string bands; 1920s-1940s].  New York: Oxford University Press.  258 pp.

Russell, Tony.  2008.  “The World’s Most Popular Radio Artist: Tuning in Again to Chubby Parker.”  Old-Time Herald 11, no. 8 (December 2008-January 2009).  Banjo player; 1920s WLS, Chicago.  http://www.oldtimeherald.org/archive/back_issues/volume-11/11-8/chubby-parker.html.

Rutledge, Mark.  1998.  “A Four-Year University Discovers Bluegrass Is A Sound Investment” [East Tennessee State University Bluegrass and Country Music Program].  Bluegrass Unlimited 32 (April): 28-34.

Ruvolo-Wilkes, Vita.  2007.  “The Beat Goes On: A Photo-Essay for the Asheville Drum Circle” [Friday nights, Pritchard Park].  Photographs by Paul M. Howey.  North Carolina Folklore Journal 54, no. 2 (Fall-Winter): 4-12.

Samples, Mack.  1997.  “Join Hands & Circle: Old-Time Dancing Alive and Well” [central W.Va.].  Goldenseal: West Virginia Traditional Life 23 (Spring): 25-32.

Sanders, Randy.  2008.  “An Afternoon with Kenton Coe.”  Now and Then: The Appalachian Magazine 24, no. 1 (Spring/Summer): 51-53.  Special issue–“Urbane Appalachia”; internationally-known composer Kenton Coe, b. Johnson City, Tenn.

Santelli, Robert, Holly George-Warren, and Jim Brown, ed.  2001.  American Roots Music [11 chapters incl. country and folk music; profusely illustrated; “Based on the PBS series and a collaboration between: the Library of Congress, the National Endowment for the Arts, the Smithsonian Institution, the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and Museum, and Experience Music Project.”].  Foreword by Bonnie Raitt.  New York: H. N. Abrams.  232 pp.

Sarfield, Norbert.  2007.  “A Conversation with Jimmy Triplett” [with photos of Earl Alkire, Stanley Propst, Ralph Roberts, Leland Hall, Melvin Wine, and Jimmy Triplett].  Old-Time Herald 11, no. 1 (October-November).  Online, with sound clip.  http://oldtimeherald.org/archive/back_issues/volume-11/11-1/tripplett.html.

Satterlee, Dennis.  2001.  “Everett Lilly: Remembering the Foggy Mountain Boy Years [Lilly brothers Everett and Bea began singing in the 1930s].  Bluegrass Unlimited 36 (June): 58-61.

Sauceman, Fred.  2006.  “Souped Up Bluegrass at Ciderville” [soup and jam sessions; Ciderville Music Store, Powell, Tenn.].  Now and Then: The Appalachian Magazine 22, no. 2 (Fall/Winter): 66-67.

Saunders, Walt.  2012.  “Everett Lilly, July 1, 1924–May 8, 2012” [career overview].  Bluegrass Unlimited 47, no. 1 (July): 10.  Mandolin player Everett was a member of the Lilly Brothers from Clear Creek, W.Va., and recorded with Flagg & Scruggs among others in his long career.

Sawyer, Loretta.  2003.  “Homer Ledford” [b. 1927; Ky. instrument maker; see also Dulcimer Maker: The Craft of Homer Ledford, by R. Gerald Alvey (University Press of Kentucky, 1984)].  Bluegrass Unlimited 37 (May): 50-54.

Sawyer, Loretta.  2003.  “Homer Ledford” [renowned, master craftsman of musical instruments; b. 1927, Overton Co., Tenn.].  Bluegrass Unlimited 37 (May): 50-54.

Sawyer, Loretta.  2003.  “The Renfro Valley Entertainment Center” [Rockcastle Co., Ky.].  Bluegrass Unlimited 37 (June): 52-55.

Sawyer, Loretta.  2006.  “The Kentucky Music Hall of Fame and Museum” [opened 2002, Renfro Valley, Ky.].  Bluegrass Unlimited 40 (February): 54-55.

Scalf, Laurene.  1999.  “Nick Stump: Proud Member of the Hillbilly Nation” [Ky. musician and screenwriter; profile].  Now and Then: The Appalachian Magazine 16 (Summer): 35-38.

Scancarelli, Jim.  2003.  “Hatch Show Print” [Nashville; advertising posters, since 1879; www.hatchshowprint.com].  Bluegrass Unlimited 37 (May): 58-60.

Schmidt-Pirro, Julia, and Karen M. McCurdy.  2005.  “Employing Music in the Cause of Social Justice: Ruth Crawford Seeger and Zilphia Horton” [Highlander Folk School].  VOICES: The Journal of New York Folklore 31: 32-36.

Schmidt, Susan.  2006.  “‘High O’er the Hills the Mountains Rise’: Shape-Note Singing: Seven-Shape Christian Harmony in Western North Carolina.”  Shenandoah: The Washington and Lee University Review 56, no. 2 (Fall): 160-168.

Scully, Michael F.  2008.  The Never-Ending Revival: Rounder Records and the Folk Alliance.  Urbana: University of Illinois Press.  259 pp.  1960s folk revival; tradition-profitability controversy; North American Folk Music and Dance Alliance.

Seeger, Mike, Jon Pankake, Kinney Rorrer, and Willis Poyser.  1998.  “Dock Boggs: Memories & Appreciations” [Va. banjoist singer; 1898-1971; biography].  Old-Time Herald Online 6, no. 6 (Winter).  http://www.oldtimeherald.org/pages/eissues.htm.

Seeger, Mike.  2002.  “The Autoharp in Old-Time Southern Music.”  In American Musical Traditions. Vol. 3, British Isles Music, ed. J. Titon and B. Carlin, 122-131.  New York: Schirmer Reference.

Seeger, Mike.  [1984] 2006.  “An Historical and Musical Background on the Southern Appalachian Region” [adapted from a study guide].  Shenandoah: The Washington and Lee University Review 56, no. 2 (Fall): 48-54.

Seeger, Pete.  2007.  “Pete Seeger, San Francisco, 1989.”  Interview by William R. Ferris and Michael K. Honey.  Southern Cultures 13, no. 3 (Fall): 5-38.

Sheaffer, John C.  1996.  “The Thompsonville Strike: An Event and a Ballad” [Jackson and Vinton Counties, Ohio; Marion Co., W.Va.].  Tennessee Folklore Society Bulletin 57 (no. 3): 105-123.

Shekinah, Linda.  2006.  “Clint Howard: From Cattle to Carnegie Hall” [Carnegie Hall, Mountain City, Tenn.].  Old-Time Herald 10, no. 4 (April-May).  http://www.oldtimeherald.org/archive/back_issues/volume-10/10-4/clint-howard.html.

Shelton, James A.  2006.  “The Stanley Brothers’ Last Show” [Ralph and Stanley, & the Clinch Mountain Boys; Sunday, October 16, 1966, Bean Blossom, Ind.].  Bluegrass Unlimited 41 (October): 40-44.

Shirk, A. V.  2004.  “Close Harmonies: Ann & Phil Case” [old-time Appalachian duets; guitar, banjo, dulcimer].  Old-Time Herald 9, no. 4 (Summer).  http://www.oldtimeherald.org/archive/back_issues/.

Shirk, A.V.  2005.  “The Charlie Poole Festival in Eden, North Carolina” [Piedmont string band tradition and Southern textile industry].  The Old-Time Herald 9, no. 8 (Summer).  http://www.oldtimeherald.org/archive/back_issues/volume-9/9-8/charlie-poole.html.

Shoemaker, Henry W., comp.  [1919] 2011.  North Pennsylvania Minstrelsy: As Sung in the Backwood Settlements, Hunting Cabins and Lumber Camps in Northern Pennsylvania, 1840-1910.  University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press.  145 pp.  Collection of over 100 folk songs and ballads from 12 counties, compiled with the assistance of John C. French and John H. Chatham.  Originally published: Altoona, Pa.: Altoona Tribune Company.

Silverman, Jonathan.  2010.  Nine Choices: Johnny Cash and American Culture [biography; 1932-2003]. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press.  278 pp.

Simon, John Roger.  2008.  Cowboy Copas and the Golden Age of Country Music.  Ashland, Ky.: Jesse Stuart Foundation.  414 pp.  Biography, 1913-1963; (Copas died in the plane crash that killed Patsy Cline).

Simpson, Bland.  2006.  “Blue Yodeler: Jimmie Rodgers” [1897-1933].  Southern Cultures 12, no. 4: 92-95.

Simpson, Bland.  2006.  “Dixie Dewdrop: Uncle Dave Macon” [banjoist; 1870-1952].  Southern Cultures 12, no. 4: 108-110.

Simpson, Bland.  2006.  “King of the Hillbillies: Hank Williams” [1923-1953].  Southern Cultures 12, no. 4: 29-32.

Simpson, Bland.  2006.  “Wildwood Flowers: The Carter Family.”  Southern Cultures 12, no. 4: 135-137.

Sluys, Nancy.  2007.  “The Slate Mountain Ramblers from Twenty Years Ago to the Present” [western N.C. and southwestern Va.].  Old-Time Herald 10, no. 12 (August-September).  http://oldtimeherald.org/archive/back_issues/volume-10/10-12/slatemountainramblers.html.

Smith, Andrew K., and James E. Akenson.  2005.  “The Civil War in Country Music Tradition.”  In Country Music Goes to War, ed. C. Wolfe and J. Akenson, 1-25.  Lexington, Ky.: University Press of Kentucky.

Smith, Betty N.  2007. “‘Singing Just To Make Music’: Betty Smith in Her Own Voice” [b. 1926, N.C.; teacher, performer, music scholar; bibliography, discography].  Interview by Annie Bryant, Phil Jamison, Carl Jenkins, Susan Pepper, Leila Weinstein, with Patricia D. Beaver.  Appalachian Journal 34, no. 2 (Winter): 160-184.

Smith, Betty.  2002.  “Mary Jane Queen: Singer and Musician, John’s Creek, Caney Fork, Jackson County” [2001 Brown-Hudson Award winner].  North Carolina Folklore Journal 49 (Spring/Summer): 34-36.

Smith, Betty.  2008.  Review essay of music soundtrack CD, “The Appalachians: A Companion Recording to the Public Television Series The Appalachians” (2005), produced by Paul Kingsbury, Mari-Lynn Evans, and Phyllis Geller (23 tracks).  Appalachian Journal 35, no. 3 (Spring): 265-268.

Smith, Lee.  2001.  “At Last, Appalachia Can Share What It’s Always Embraced” [music’s exposure through books and films].  Washington Post, 12 August, 1(G).

Smith, Malcolm.  2008.  “Cathy Barton and Dave Para: Lives on the River.”  Old-Time Herald 11, no. 4 (April-May): online, with one sound clip.  Guitar and banjo; teachers and folklorists; Missouri River, Ozarks.  http://www.oldtimeherald.org/archive/back_issues/volume-11/11-4/barton-para.html.

Smith, R. T.  2006.  “Confessions of an Erstwhile Irksome Banjo Dog” [Editor’s Note to special issue, “Traditional Music”].  Shenandoah: The Washington and Lee University Review 56, no. 2 (Fall): 216-220.

Smith, Ralph Lee.  1997.  American Dulcimer Traditions.  American Folk Music and Folk Musicians, No. 2, Lanham, Md.: Scarecrow Press.  176 pp.

Smith, Ralph Lee.  [1997] 2010.  Appalachian Dulcimer Traditions.  2nd ed.  American Folk Music and Musicians, no. 13.  Lanham, Md.: Scarecrow Press.  183 pp.  Contents: An American heritage -- Where did the dulcimer come from? -- Early traces and trails -- Virginia traditions -- West Virginia and North Carolina traditions -- Dulcimers of yesterday in the Cumberlands -- Dulcimer makers of the folk revival transition -- Some interesting types.

Smith, Richard D.  2000.  Can’t You Hear Me Callin’: The Life of Bill Monroe, Father of Bluegrass [1911-1996].  Boston: Little, Brown.  365 pp.

Smith, Richard D.  2002.  “The Bill Monroe Biography: Journalism Assisting Scholarship.”  In Country Music Annual 2002, ed. C. Wolfe and J. Akenson, 15-25.  Lexington: University Press of Kentucky.

Smith, Richard D.  2008.  “True Songs in The Music of Bill Monroe”  Bluegrass Unlimited 42, no. 8 (February): 10-11.  The Music of Bill Monroe, by Neil V. Rosenberg and Charles K. Wolfe (University of Illinois Press, 2007).

Smith, Richard D.  2012.  “Doc Watson: Carpenter, Electrician, Learner” [d. May 29].  Bluegrass Unlimited 47, no. 2 (August): 28-29.  His “zest for delving into new things and succeeding at them, despite a significant personal handicap [blindness]....characterized his entire productive life.”

Sowards, Leonard.  1998.  “The Boys Who Went to Indiana” [1941; account of teen troubadours from Pound, Va., with Kenny Baker as fiddler, playing street corners in mountain towns to finance a spontaneous road trip in a ‘34 Chevy].  Bluegrass Unlimited 33 (September): 28-32.

Spalding, Susan Eike.  1995.  “‘You’ve Got to Get the Music in Your Feet:’”  In Appalachia and the Politics of Culture, ed. E. C. Fine.  Journal of the Appalachian Studies Association 7: 29-40.  Johnson City: East Tennessee State University, Center for Appalachian Studies and Services.

Spence, Robert.  2001.  “‘He Just Loved the Music’: Traditional Fiddler Red Henline” [1923-1999; Upshur Co.].  Goldenseal: West Virginia Traditional Life 27 (Spring): 44-49.

Spottswood, Dick, with David Sax and Pete Kuykendall.  2005.  “Rich-R’-Tone, Mutual, and Blue Ridge: Histories and Inventories” [discography lists approx. 500 titles from these three early bluegrass recording labels, 1946-1955].  Bluegrass Unlimited 39 (February): 24-33.

Spottswood, Dick.  1996.  “Bill Monroe: An Appreciation” [1922-1996].  Bluegrass Unlimited 31 (November): 16-17.

Spottswood, Dick.  2002.  “Alan Lomax, 1915-2002” [esteemed preserver/promoter of traditional music; Library of Congress].  Bluegrass Unlimited 37 (September): 21.

Spottswood, Dick.  2007.  “Wade Mainer: The First Hundred Years” [banjoist, b. 1907, Buncombe Co., N.C.].  Bluegrass Unlimited 41, no. 10 (April): 48-53.

Spottswood, Dick.  2011.  “The Brewster Brothers: Their Story and Knoxville’s Glory.”  Old-Time Herald 12, no. 9 (February-March).  http://www.oldtimeherald.org/archive/back_issues/volume-12/12-9/index.html.

Spottswood, Dick.  2012.  “Earl Scruggs and the Sound of Genius” [1924-2012].  Bluegrass Unlimited 46, no. 12 (June): 26-32.  See also: “Earl Scruggs: A Celebration of Life” [funeral service], by Penny Parsons, 34-37; and “The Lingering Effects of Crossing Paths With a Musical Icon,” by Michael Brantley, 40-42.

Spurgeon, Alan L., and David Gadberry.  2002.  “Mary Jo Davis Henderson: Her Life and Contributions to Ozark Regional Folk Music” [b. 1936; folk songs].  Mid-America Folklore 29 (Summer): 7-12.

Stafford, Tim.  2007.  “Audey Ratliff and Ratliff Mandolins” [Tenn.].  Bluegrass Unlimited 42, no. 3 (September): 32-36.

Stamler, Paul J.  2002.  “Just the Thought of Going Home: Sheila Kay Adams and the Singers of Madison County, N.C.” [profile; Adams served as musical advisor to the film Songcatcher (2001)].  Sing Out! 46 (Summer): 60-72.

Stamper, Pete.  1999.  It All Happened in Renfro Valley [Ky.; Renfro Valley Barn Dance].  Lexington: University Press of Kentucky.  241 pp.

Stanley, Ralph, with Eddie Dean.  2009.  Man of Constant Sorrow: The Life & Times of a Music Legend [b. 1927; Va.; traditional country music banjoist, singer, and band leader of the Clinch Mountain Boys].  New York: Gotham Books.  452 pp.

Steel, David Warren, and Richard H. Hulan.  2010.  The Makers of the Sacred Harp [shape note hymnody].  Music in American Life series.  Urbana: University of Illinois Press.  321 pp.  Contents: The origins of the Sacred Harp -- The Chattahoochee Valley -- The westward migration -- The Sacred Harp and the Civil War -- Musical families -- Professions and occupations -- Teachers and tradition -- The styles of Sacred Harp music -- Frontiers of the American hymn; Sketches of selected poets and hymn writers / Richard H. Hulan -- Biographical sketches of the composers -- Sacred Harp composers, arranged by birth date -- The songs of the Sacred Harp -- Sources for the songs.

Stimeling, Travis D.  2006.  “Bringing the Classics to the Ohio Valley: The Huntington Federal Music Project Orchestra, 1936-1942” [Federal Music Project of the WPA to provide work for unemployed professional musicians].  West Virginia History 60 (2004-2006): 23-44.

Stoneman, Roni, and Ellen Wright.  2007.  Pressing On: The Roni Stoneman Story [b. 1938; from interviews; banjoist, youngest daughter of the Stoneman Family, and comedian on Hee Haw].  Music in American Life.  Urbana: University of Illinois Press.  248 pp.

Story, Brandon.  2005.  “Gospel according to Bristol: The Life, Music and Ministry of Ernest Phipps” [preacher; 1900-1963; discography].  In The Bristol Sessions: Writings about the Big Bang of Country Music, ed. C. Wolfe and T. Olson, 95-118.  Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland.

Stout, Sam.  2012.  “Bluegrass Saturday Night: Sutton’s Ole Time Music Hour in Granville, Tennessee” [Jackson, Co.].  Bluegrass Unlimited 46, no. 7 (January): 40-43.  Broadcast weekly by three radio stations and via three Internet sites, from the town’s (pop. 2,266) general store.

Streissguth, Michael.  2001.  “The Could’ve Been Career of Red Kirk” [East Tenn. Singer; 1947-mid 50s].  Journal of Country Music 22 (no. 1): 4-7.

Streissguth, Michael.  2006.  Johnny Cash: The Biography [1932-2003].  Cambridge, Mass.: Da Capo Press.  334 pp.

Stuart, Chris.  2006.  “Del McCoury: Leading Man.”  Bluegrass Unlimited 40, no. 12 (June): 32-38.

Stuart, Chris.  2006.  “Ralph Stanley: Longing for Home” [biography].  Bluegrass Unlimited 41 (October): 30-36.

Stuart, Chris.  2009.  “Charlie Sizemore: A Long Way from Puncheon Creek” [Magoffin Co., Ky.; lead singer for Ralph Stanley’s band, 1970s-80s].  Bluegrass Unlimited 44, no 3 (September): 32-36.

Stubbs, Eddie.  2002.  “Beecher ‘Pete’ Kirby, ‘Bashful Brother Oswald’: December 26, 1911-October 17, 2002” [tribute; Tenn. Dobro player].  Bluegrass Unlimited 37 (December): 14-15.

Stubbs, Eddie.  2003.  “Jim McReynolds, February 13, 1927—December 31, 2002” [of Jim & Jesse, bluegrass and country music brother duet].  Bluegrass Unlimited 37 (February): 24-25.

Stubbs, Eddie.  2005.  “James Henry ‘Jimmy’ Martin” [1927-2005; farewell obituary].  Bluegrass Unlimited 40 (July): 30-35.

Stubbs, Eddie.  2006.  “Louise Scruggs (February 17, 1927–February 2, 2006)” [wife of Earl; “First Lady of Country Music Business”].  Bluegrass Unlimited 40, no. 10 (April): 32-37.

Stubbs, Eddie.  2007.  “Ernest Tubb Record Shops: Celebrating Sixty Years and Still Going Strong.”  Bluegrass Unlimited 41, no. 11 (May): 36-42.

Stubbs, Eddie.  2011.  “Charlie Louvin (July 7, 1927-January 26, 2011).”  Bluegrass Unlimited 45, no. 10 (April): 18-19.  Career overview; Alabaman; guitarist and gospel singer, with brother Ira on the mandolin, known as the Louvin Brothers.

Stubbs, Eddie.  2011.  “Doc Williams (June 26, 1914-January 31, 2011).”  Bluegrass Unlimited 45, no. 10 (April): 20.  Career overview; traditional country music guitarist and singer, Wheeling, W.Va., WWVA.

Stubbs, Eddie.  2011.  “Wilma Lee Cooper (February 7, 1921-September 13, 2011).”  Bluegrass Unlimited 46, no. 5 (November): 12.  Born in Valley Head, W.Va.; “Often billed in the 1970s and 1980s as the First Lady of Bluegrass.”

Swain, Leila Ryland.  2010.  “Passing on a Culture: West Virginia Traditional Musical Heritage and the Allegheny Echoes Programme.”  International Journal of Community Music 3, no. 2 (July): 255-276.  Traditional music of the Hammons family of Pocahontas County; week-long program of instruction and performance with guest artists at Marlinton, W.Va.

Swan, M. L., contr.  2001 [1867].  The New Harp of Columbia [“A facsimile reprint of The New Harp of Columbia: a system of musical notation, with a note for each sound, and a shape for each note; containing a variety of most excellent psalm and hymn tunes, odes and anthems, happily adapted to church service, singing-schools and societies”].  Restored facsimile ed., with an introduction by Dorothy D. Horn, Ron Petersen, and Candra Phillips.  Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press.  287 pp.

Swiger, Lynette.  2004.  “The Thread That Runs So True: The Russell Fluharty and Patty Looman Connection” [Fluharty, hammered dulcimer player, d. 1989].  Traditions: A Journal of West Virginia Folk Culture and Educational Awareness 9: 54-56.

Szego, Pete.  2006.  “Searching for the Roots of the Banjo.  Part II” [African origins].  Old-Time Herald 10, no.5 (June-July).  http://www.oldtimeherald.org/archive/back_issues/volume-10/10-5/roots-banjo2.html.

Szego, Pete.  2006.  “Searching for the Roots of the Banjo” [early minstrel banjo; last of the black banjo songsters].  Old-Time Herald 10, no. 4 (April-May).  http://www.oldtimeherald.org/archive/back_issues/volume-10/10-4/roots-banjo.html.

Taft, Michael.  2006.  “The Appalachian Dynamo: AFC Adds to Its Bascom Lamar Lunsford Collection” [b. 1882, Mars Hill, N.C.; two new collections containing recordings, photos and film footage relating to the “Minstrel of the Appalachians”].  Folklife Center News (Library of Congress) 28, no. 4 (Fall): 14-15.  http://www.loc.gov/folklife/news/pdf/afcnews-fall-2006.pdf.

Taft, Michael.  2011.  “The Work of a Great Team: AFC Acquires the George Pickow and Jean Ritchie Collection” [American Folklife Center].  Folklife Center News (Library of Congress) 33, no. 1- 2 (Winter-Spring): 20-23, including a list of current Ritchie holdings in the Archive.  Photographer George Pickow (1922-2010) and singer-musician Jean Ritchie (b. 1922, Viper, Ky.).  “Jean Ritchie is perhaps the most important singer, interpreter, and proponent of Appalachian traditions since Bascom Lamar Lunsford (1882-1973), and she has been part of the American folksong revival for more than sixty-five years”....“The life’s work of Jean and George is among the largest multi-media collections acquired by the Center, and perhaps the most extensive AFC collection compiled by a husband-and-wife team.”  http://www.loc.gov/folklife/news/pdf/FCN_Vol33no1-2.pdf.

Tarowsky, Tom.  2010.  “Weir Going West: A High School Band and a Very Big Parade.”  Goldenseal: West Virginia Traditional Life 36, no. 4 (Winter): 10-17.  Weirton remembers a trip to the Rose Bowl in 1960.

Tarullo, Hope.  2003.  “Doc Watson” [b. 1923, N.C.].  Current Biography 64 (February): 68-74.

Taylor, Bobby.  1997.  “I Remember Clark Kessinger” [fiddler; 1896-1975].  Goldenseal: West Virginia Traditional Life 23 (Fall): 18-19.

Tenenbaum, Molly, comp.  1998.  “Notes from the Judges’ Booth” [reflections on the Appalachian String Band Music Festival, Clifftop, W.Va., from 10 judges].  Old-Time Herald Online 6, no. 3 (Spring).  http://www.oldtimeherald.org/pages/eissues.htm.

Thanki, Juli.  2012.  “Ralph Rinzler” [1934-1994].  Bluegrass Unlimited 47, no. 5 (November): 24-27.  Co-founder of the Smithsonian Folklife Festival, discoverer of Doc Watson, resuscitator of Bill Monroe’s career, and new inductee into the Bluegrass Hall of Fame.

Thomas, Anne Elise.  2001.  “Practicing Tradition: History and Community in an Appalachian Dance Style” [clogging].  Western Folklore 60 (Spring-Summer): 163-181.

Thomas, Rebecca.  2003.  “The Cow That’s Ugly Has the Sweetest Milk” [“racism...fear of mixing...double standard”].  In The Women of Country Music: A Reader, ed. C. Wolfe and J. Akenson, 131-147.  Lexington: University Press of Kentucky.

Thompson, Tim.  2006.  “Midnight Serenade: J. W. ‘Babe’ Spanger” [b. 1882; Va. fiddler].  Old-Time Herald 10, no. 7 (October-November).  Online, with sound clip.  http://www.oldtimeherald.org/archive/back_issues/volume-10/10-7/spangler.html.

Tichi, Cecelia.  1994.  High Lonesome: The American Culture of  Country Music.  Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina  Press.  318 pp.  [includes 23 track CD]

Titon, Jeff Todd.  2001.  Old-Time Kentucky Fiddle Tunes [includes audio CD].  Lexington: University Press of Kentucky.  245 pp.

Titon, Jeff Todd.  2002.  “Bluegrass.”  In American Musical Traditions. Vol. 3, British Isles Music, ed. J. Titon and B. Carlin, 132-137.  New York: Schirmer Reference.

Titon, Jeff Todd.  2002.  “Music of the Old Regular Baptists of Central Appalachia.”  In American Musical Traditions. Vol. 3, British Isles Music, ed. J. Titon and B. Carlin, 57-60.  New York: Schirmer Reference.

Titon, Jeff Todd.  2012.  “Authenticity and Authentication: Mike Seeger, the New Lost City Ramblers, and the Old-Time Music Revival.”  Journal of Folklore Research 49, no. 2 (May-August): 227-245.  Review essay of Gone to the Country: The New Lost City Ramblers and the Folk Music Revival, by Ray Allen (University of Illinois Press, 2010), and Music from the True Vine: Mike Seeger’s Life and Musical Journey, by Bill Malone (University of North Carolina Press, 2011).

Titon, Jeff.  1998.  “20 Essential Recordings” [Appalachian fiddle music].  Old-Time Herald Online 6, no. 6 (Winter).  http://www.oldtimeherald.org/pages/eissues.htm.

Tomlinson, Kenneth Y.  1997.  “Winds of the Appalachians: Sometimes One Man Can Build a Tradition” [Bill Monroe, 1911-1996, “Father of Bluegrass Music].  American Enterprise 8 (March/April): 50-51.

Tosches, Nick.  1997.  “Strange Days: Emmett Miller & Jimmie Rodgers in Asheville” [1925; Emmett Miller, blackface minstrel singer].  Journal of Country Music 19 (no. 2): 26-30.

Tottle, Jack.  2006.  “An Appreciation of the Stoneman Family” [of country music fame; Ernest V. “Pop” Stoneman, 1893-1968].  Now and Then: The Appalachian Magazine 22, no. 1 (Spring): 48-49.

Townsend, Thomas Carl.  2001.  “The Carter Family's Rhythmic Asymmetry” [1927-28]. In Country Music Annual 2001, ed. C. Wolfe and J. Akenson, 161-88.  Lexington: University Press of Kentucky.

Townsend, Thomas.  2005.  “On the Vanguard of Change: Jimmie Rodgers and Alfred G. Karnes in Bristol, 1927” [“vocally inventive and expressive”].  In The Bristol Sessions: Writings about the Big Bang of Country Music, ed. C. Wolfe and T. Olson, 214-231.  Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland.

Traditional Music Issue [nonfiction, fiction, poetry, book reviews].  2006.  Special issue, Shenandoah: The Washington and Lee University Review 56, no. 2 (Fall): 1-232.

Tribe, Ivan, and Deanna Tribe.  2010.  “Patti Powell: WWVA’s ‘Long Haul Widow’.”  Goldenseal: West Virginia Traditional Life 36, no. 4 (Winter): 30-35.  Country music singer and member of Wheeling’s live music radio show, Jamboree U.S.A., from 1969 to the late 80s.

Tribe, Ivan M.  1996.  Mountaineer Jamboree: Country Music in West Virginia.  Rev. ed.  Lexington: University Press of Kentucky.  272 pp.

Tribe, Ivan M.  1999.  “‘The Tragic Yellow Tomb’: Topical Ballads of the 1958 Kentucky School Bus Accident” [Prestonsburg, Floyd Co.; 27 drowned; discography includes songs by The Stanley Brothers].  Tennessee Folklore Society Bulletin 59 (no. 3): 122-134.

Tribe, Ivan M.  2006.  Country: A Regional Exploration [80-year history of country music and its subgenres; Biographical Sketches appendix].  Greenwood Guides to American Roots Music.  Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press.  283 pp.

Tribe, Ivan.  2010.  “Kody Norris: East Tennessee’s ‘Mr. Bluegrass’” [b. 1988].  Bluegrass Unlimited 44, no. 12 (June): 50-52.

Tucker, Abigail.  2011.  “Road Music.”  Smithsonian 42, no. 5 (September): 66-78.  Narrative of a road trip along the Crooked Road, Virginia’s 300-mile heritage music trail.  Photos and weblinks.

Tullos, Allen, comp.  2004.  “Musical Styles of the Southern Appalachians.”  Southern Spaces, 15 April [sound clips, multimedia].  Contents: Musical Styles of the Southern Appalachians | Recommended Resources.  http://southernspaces.org/2004/musical-styles-southern-appalachians.

Turbanic, Bob.  1999.  “Giving Bill Monroe’s Music to the Fourth Generation” [Wheeling Park High School, W.Va.].  Bluegrass Unlimited 34 (December): 28-34.

Valle, Alf.  1995.  “George Davis: Beyond the Singing Miner.”  Southern Folklore 52(1): 53-67.

Van Gundy, Doug.  2008.  “‘I Dearly Love to Dance’: Mountain Dancer Lou Maiuri” [b. 1928].  Goldenseal: West Virginia Traditional Life 34, no. 1 (Spring): 8-15.  Nicholas County flatfooter and caller of old-time mountain square dances.

Vandalia Award: Portrait Gallery [1981-2000; W.Va.’s highest folklife honor].  2001.  Goldenseal: West Virginia Traditional Life 27 (Spring): 50-60.

Veith, Gene Edward, and Thomas L. Wilmeth.  2001.  Honky-Tonk Gospel: The Story of Sin and Salvation in Country Music.  Grand Rapids, Mich.: Baker Books.  188 pp.

Vinson, Duncan.  2006.  “‘As Far From Secular, Operatic, Rag-time, and Jig Melodies As Is Possible’: Religion and the Resurgence of Interest in The Sacred Harp, 1895-1911” [shape-note singing].  Journal of American Folklore 119, no.  474 (Fall): 413-443.

Von Matthiessen, Maria.  1993.  Songs from the Hills: An Intimate Look at Country Music [b&w photo sessions with 114 musicians].  New York: Macmillan.  134 pp.

Wade, Stephen.  2012.  The Beautiful Music All Around Us: Field Recordings and the American Experience.  Music in American Life series.  Urbana: University of Illinois Press.  477 pp., plus audio CD.  “...presents the extraordinarily rich backstories of thirteen performances captured on Library of Congress field recordings between 1934 and 1942...from Southern Appalachia to the Mississippi Delta and the Great Plains.”  Contents: Bill Stepp: retreat across America | Kelly Pace: coworker in the kingdom of culture | Ora Dell Graham: a little black girl from Mississippi | Christine and Katherine Shipp: in a chromatic light | Nashville Washboard Band: something out of nothing | Vera Hall: the life that we live | Bozie Sturdivant: a song that went with him | Pete Steele: it’s what folks do | Texas Gladden: from here to the Mississippi | Luther Strong: way behind his time | Charlie Butler: call me to home | Jess Morris: boiled shirt and cowboy boots.

Wagner, Bill.  2010.  “Two Men, Two Fiddles, and a War of the Roses” [1886].  Bluegrass Unlimited 45, no. 2 (August): 46-47.  On the campaign trail, brothers Bob and Alf Taylor contested both as fiddlers and for the governorship of Tennessee.  Reprint of newspaper illustration.

Wagner, Vivian.  2007.  “Arthur Conner: Fiddle Maker for the Stars” [Va.].  Bluegrass Unlimited 42, no. 6 (December): 50-52.

Walker, Frank X.  2008.  “Playing It Now: Carolina Chocolate Drops Uphold Traditional Folk Mucis, but Make It New.”  Pluck: The Journal of Affrilachian Arts & Culture, no. 4: 36-40.

Wallace, James B.  2007.  “Stormy Banks and Sweet Rivers: A Sacred Harp Geography” [sound clips, multimedia].  Space, Place, and Appalachia series.  Southern Spaces: An Interdisciplinary Journal about the Regions, Places, and Cultures of the American South.  4 June 2007.  Essay Sections: Introduction | History of Sacred Harp | The Spaces of Sacred Harp | Many Harps | Sacred Harp as Folk Tradition | Sacred Harp and the Pastoral | Conclusion | Recommended Resources.  http://www.southernspaces.org/contents/2007/wallace/1a.htm.

Ward, Edward.  1997.  “B. F. (Frank) Shelton: Old-Time Recording Artist From Corbin, KY”  [banjoist and town barber].  Devil’s Box 31 (Summer): 21-22.

Warlick, Thomas.  1998.  “From the Cabin on the Hill to the Beverly Hillbillies: Flatt & Scruggs’s Heroic Journey as Chronicled by Columbia & Bear Family” [retrospective CD sets].  Bluegrass Unlimited 32 (March): 42-45.

Warlick, Tom.  2008.  The WBT Briarhoppers: Eight Decades of a Bluegrass Band Made for Radio.  Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland.  207 pp.  WBT radio station, formed 1934, Charlotte, N.C.; discography.

Watts, Joshua, and Ferman Thornton.  1999.  “Mountain Sounds” [Rabun Co., Ga.; student interview with dulcimer maker Thornton].  Foxfire Magazine 33 (Spring/Summer): 62-67.

Weaver, Jim.  2008.  “East Tennessee Landmark: Ciderville Music Marks its 50th Anniversary.”  Old-Time Herald 11, no. 5 (June-July): online, with one sound clip.  Ciderville Music Store, Oak Ridge, Tenn.; grassroots bluegrass and old-time music.  http://www.oldtimeherald.org/archive/back_issues/volume-11/11-5/index.html.

Weaver, Jim.  2010.  “The Floyd Country Store” [Va.].  Old-Time Herald 12, no. 7 (October-November): 10-13.  This 100-year-old Floyd Co. store holds an open, traditional country music jam every Saturday night.

Weissman, Dick.  2005.  Which Side Are You On?: An Inside History of the Folk Music Revival in America [1949-1965-present].  New York: Continuum.  296 pp.

Welborn, Steven Keith.  1996.  “‘After All This Is Over We’ll Lay Our Hands on You’: Music as a Form of Cultural Resistance in Depression-Era Pennsylvania” [coal communities].  Pennsylvania History 63 (Winter): 126-131.

Wells, Paul F.  2008.  “‘Worthy of Investigation,’ Notes on the Origin of an Uncle Dave Macon Song” [recorded 1928].  Tennessee Folklore Society Bulletin 64, no. 1 (Spring): 23-27.

Wells, Robert V.  2009.  Life Flows On in Endless Song: Folk Songs and American History.  Music in American Life series.  Urbana: University of Illinois Press.  245 pp.  Contents: Who was Tom Dooley?: history and folk songs -- Careless love: courtship, marriage, and children -- “Mine eyes have seen the glory”: of God and country -- “Take this hammer”: work and the labor movement -- The man who never returned: ships, trains, and other transportation -- Just lookin’ for a home: traveling on -- Nobody knows the trouble I’ve seen: hard times and hard men -- How can I keep from singing?: Huddie Ledbetter and Woody Guthrie.

Wernick, Pete.  2012.  “Earl Eugene Scruggs (January 6, 1924–March 28, 2012).”  Bluegrass Unlimited 46, no. 11 (May): 22-34, and cover photo.  Testimonials from 33 fellow musicians, including three extended sidebars by Derek Halsey: “J.D. Crowe Talks About the Death of His Hero”; “Marty Stuart Remembers Time Spent with Earl and Lester [Flatt] during Lester’s Last Days”; and “Special Memories of Earl Scruggs from the Bluegrass World.”

Westfall, Bill, and Hazel Westfall.  2001.  “Still Singin’: A Visit with Bill and Hazel Westfall” [music festival regulars].  Interview by Bob Whitcomb.  Goldenseal: West Virginia Traditional Life 27 (Summer): 33-39.

Weston, Frank.  2002.  “Glenn Neaves of Fries, Virginia” [Grayson Co.; from a 1980 interview].  Old-Time Herald Online 8, no. 5 (Fall).  http://www.oldtimeherald.org/pages/eissues.htm.

Wheeler, Billy Edd.  2008.  “Remembering Leiber & Stoller.”  Appalachian Heritage 36, no. 1 (Winter): 25-28.  Featured Author–Wheeler; 1960s collaboration with the famous NYC songwriting duo.

Wheelock, Angela.  2006.  “A Capella” [Ky. grandfather’s shape-note singing].  Shenandoah: The Washington and Lee University Review 56, no. 2 (Fall): 169-176.

Whisnant, David E.  1995.  “Gone Country: ‘High Lonesome’ and the Politics of Writing About Country Music” [review essay].  Journal of Country Music 17 (no. 2): 62-66.

Wicker, Ann, ed.  2008.  Making Notes: Music of the Carolinas.  Charlotte, N.C.: Novello Festival Press.  225 pp.  Essays on bands and entertainers by 64 writer/contributors; includes “Tom Dooley,” by Sharyn McCrumb.

Wilbur, Dave.  [1979] 2010.  “Robert Byrd: Mountain Fiddler” [U.S. Senator, W.Va.].  Goldenseal: West Virginia Traditional Life 36, no. 3 (Fall): 12-17.  Reprint; also included in the book, Mountains of Music: West Virginia Traditional Music (University of Illinois Press, 1999).

Wildman, Sarah.  2011.  “Mountain Music by the Mile.”  New York Times, 20 May, 1(TR).  2,890 words.  Traveling southwest Virginia’s heritage music trail, the “Crooked Road,” from Fries to Ferrum, Floyd, Galax, Marion, and Abingdon.

Wilentz, Sean, and Greil Marcus, ed.  2005.  The Rose & the Briar: Death, Love and Liberty in the American Ballad [23 chapters, incl. essays by Sharyn McCrumb, R. Crumb, and Joyce Carol Oates].  New York: W. W. Norton.  406 pp.

Wilhelm, Randall.  2009.  “‘Scratchy 78s on a Victrola’: American Roots Music in William Gay’s Short Fiction.”  In CrossRoads: A Southern Culture Annual, 2009, ed. Ted Olson and Ajay Kalra, 116-133.  Macon, Ga.: Mercer University Press.

Williams, Danny.  1997.  “Kessingers On Record” [discography; Clark Kessinger family]. Goldenseal: West Virginia Traditional Life 23 (Fall): 24-25.

Williams, Danny.  1999.  “‘Clifftop’: Appalachian String Band Music Festival” [Fayette Co.; annual].  Goldenseal: West Virginia Traditional Life 25 (Summer): 64-69.

Williams, Danny.  1999.  “Mountain Music Roundup” [annual review of new recordings since 1993; focus this year on singing].  Goldenseal: West Virginia Traditional Life 25 (Winter): 64-68.

Williams, Doc, with Barbara D. Smik.  2006.  Looking Back [b. 1914; oldest living regular performer of WWVA Jamboree].  Wheeling, W.Va.: Creative Impressions.  176 pp.

Williams, Lisa.  2001.  “Lost to the Airwaves: The Most Intriguing Country Acts Seldom Heard” [names provided by Eddie Stubbs and four historians: Charles Wolfe; Nolan Porterfield; Ivan Tribe; and Bob Pinson].  Journal of Country Music 22 (no. 1): 16-23.

Williams, Lisa.  2001.  “The Newcomer Twins: The Girls of WWVA” [Wheeling, W.Va.; WWII-era, teenage, blind “Singing Sweathearts”].  Journal of Country Music 22 (no. 1): 24.

Williams, Michael Ann, and Larry Morrisey.  2000.  “Constructions of Tradition: Vernacular Architecture, Country Music, and Auto-Ethnography.”  Chap. 9 in People, Power, Places: Perspectives in Vernacular Architecture, VIII, ed. S. McMurry and A. Adams, 161-175.  Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press.

Williams, Michael Ann.  2003. “Home to Renfro Valley: John Lair and the Women of the Barn Dance” [1930s-1940s; Rockcastle Co., Ky.].  In The Women of Country Music: A Reader, ed. C. Wolfe and J. Akenson, 88-108.  Lexington: University Press of Kentucky.

Williams, Michael Ann.  2005.  “Peace in the Valley: The Development of John Lair’s Enterprises during WW II” [Renfro Valley, Ky.].  In Country Music Goes to War, ed. C. Wolfe and J. Akenson, 58-80.  Lexington, Ky.: University Press of Kentucky.

Williams, Michael Ann.  2006.  Staging Tradition: John Lair and Sarah Gertrude Knott [creators of the Renfro Valley Barn Dance and the National Folk Festival; born 1894 and 1895].  Music in American Life.  Urbana: University of Illinois Press.  221 pp.

Wilson, Joe.  1995.  “The Chestnut Grove Quartet.”  Bluegrass Unlimited 30 (July): 54-58.

Wilson, Joe.  2002.  “Country Music in Tennessee: From Hollow to Honky-Tonk” [Uncle Dave Macon].  In American Musical Traditions. Vol. 3, British Isles Music, ed. J. Titon and B. Carlin, 101-107.  New York: Schirmer Reference.

Wilson, Joe.  2006.  A Guide to the Crooked Road: Virginia’s Heritage Music Trail.  Winston-Salem, N.C.: John F. Blair.  225 pp., plus 2 sound discs.  Contents: Tips for traveling the Crooked Road and using this book -- Introduction -- Why so much music here? -- Sources of the music: the Blue Ridge as the first American blender -- Europe meets Africa in the tidewater -- The banjo -- The African banjo -- The wooden banjo -- Why blacks gave up the banjo -- The fiddle -- Violinist or fiddler? -- Fiddling style along the Crooked Road -- Fiddling contests -- The guitar -- The hillbilly reinvention of the guitar -- Luthiers and violin makers -- Technology, older music, and the radio revolution -- New folks in the audience -- Bluegrass and old-time music defined -- Franklin County and Rocky Mount -- Patrick County and Stuart -- Floyd County and Floyd -- Carroll County and Hillsville -- Grayson County and Galax -- Washington County, Abingdon, Damascus, and Bristol -- Scott County and Gate City -- Lee County and Jonesville -- Wise County, Coeburn, Norton, and Big Stone Gap -- Dickenson County and Clintwood -- Music samples from the Crooked Road.

Wilson, Joe.  2009.  “Fries, Where the Music Began” [Fries, Va.; Henry Whitter recorded first country record, 1923].  Bluegrass Unlimited 43, no. 12 (June): 34-37.

Winick, Stephen.  2009.  “‘A Measure of Rascality’: AFC’s Nimrod Workman Recordings Go Digital” [d. 1994, age 99].  Folklife Center News (Library of Congress) 31, no. 1- 2 (Winter-Spring): 9-10.  Recorded on tape by Mike Seeger; recorded on film by Alan Lomax.  http://www.loc.gov/folklife/news/pdf/FCN_Vol31_1-2optimized.pdf.

Winkler, Wayne.  2006.  “I Can Handle Crazy: Reagan Boggs Tuned by HooDoos and Carbon Blue” [profile; country singer-songwriter; Tri-Cities region (Va., Tenn.)].  Now and Then: The Appalachian Magazine 22, no. 1 (Spring): 50-53.

Winkler, Wayne.  2006.  “Renfro Valley, The Carter Fold, and the Down Home: Profiling Three Shrines of Live Music in Appalachia.”  Now and Then: The Appalachian Magazine 22, no. 2 (Fall/Winter): 60-64.

Winkler, Wayne.  2007.  “Jimmy Martin: Too Wild for the Opry” [b. 1927].  Now and Then: The Appalachian Magazine 23, no. 2 (Fall/Winter): 57-62.

Winkler, Wayne.  2008.  “Edgar Meyer: A Versatile Virtuoso.”  Now and Then: The Appalachian Magazine 24, no. 1 (Spring/Summer): 54-56.  Renowned acoustic bassist, from Oak Ridge, Tenn.; special issue–“Urbane Appalachia.”

Winkler, Wayne.  2009.  “The Spirit of Appalachian Music Lives On in the Song of the Mountains.”  Now and Then: The Appalachian Magazine 25, no.2 (Fall/Winter): 54-57.  History of UNC-TV’s award-winning public television series, performed at the Lincoln Theatre, Marion, Va.

Winkler, Wayne.  2011.  “Lightnin’ Charlie: Roots Music Traveling in Style.”  Now and Then: The Appalachian Magazine 26, no. 2 (Winter): 66-67.  Blues man Charlie Dolinger, “a fixture of the Tri-Cities music scene,” drives a Lincoln Town Car limousine.

Winkler, Wayne.  2012.  “Serving Appalachian Music.”  Now and Then: The Appalachian Magazine 27, no. 2 (Winter): 66-68.  Describes a dozen organizations in the Tri-Cities region and beyond dedicated to Appalachian music.

Winne, Peter.  2010.  “Ginny Hawker and the Sacred Soul of Country Music: Tracing the Sacred Roots of a Master Country Singer and Mountain Balladeer.”  Old-Time Herald 12, no. 7 (October-Novebmer): 26-32.

Wise, Timothy.  2012.  “From the Mountains to the Prairies and Beyond the Pale: American Yodeling on Early Recordings.”  Journal of American Folklore 125, no. 497 (Summer): 358-374.  Cowboy and hillbilly yodeling; Jimmie Rodgers.

Wishnevsky, Stephan T.  2007.  How the Hippies Ruin’t Hillbilly Music: A Historical Memoir 1960-2000.  New York: iUniverse.  181 pp.  Old time music; N.C., Va.; Galax festival; memoirs, and interview with Mike Seeger and others.

Wolfe, Charles K.  [1989] 2005.  “The Legend that Peer Built: Reappraising the Bristol Sessions” [1927; Ralph S. Peer of the Victor Talking Machine Co.].  In The Bristol Sessions: Writings about the Big Bang of Country Music, ed. C. Wolfe and T. Olson, 17-39.  Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland.  Reprinted from The Journal of Country Music 24 (Spring).

Wolfe, Charles K.  1996.  “Kessinger - From the Fiddling Archives. Number 45 in a Series” [W.Va. fiddler Clark Kessinger].  Devil’s Box 30 (Summer): 10-20.

Wolfe, Charles K.  1997.  The Devil’s Box: Masters of Southern Fiddling [1920s to 1950s, with stories  of 12 performers].  Foreword by Mark O’Connor.  Nashville: Country Music Foundation Press and Vanderbilt University Press.  232 pp.

Wolfe, Charles K.  1999.  A Good-Natured Riot: The Birth of the Grand Ole Opry [1925].  Nashville, Tenn.: Country Music Foundation Press and Vanderbilt University Press.  312 pp.

Wolfe, Charles K.  2000.  “Jake and Doc and May: The Carter Family Goes to the End of the World” [1927 Bristol recording sessions].  Bluegrass Unlimited 34 (February): 22-27.

Wolfe, Charles K.  2000.  “The Air Castle of the South: 75 Years of WSM” [Nashville radio station and broadcaster of the Grand Ole Opry].  Bluegrass Unlimited 35 (December): 42-48.

Wolfe, Charles K.  2002.  “The Bristol Syndrome: Field Recordings of Early Country Music” [tables].  In Country Music Annual 2002, ed. C. Wolfe and J. Akenson, 202-221.  Lexington: University Press of Kentucky.

Wolfe, Charles K.  2003.  “Beecher Kirby (Bashful Brother Oswald): 1911-2002” [Smoky Mountain musician and dobro player].  Sing Out! 47 (Summer): 223.

Wolfe, Charles K.  2004.  “‘Old Cumberland Land’: The Musical Legacy of the Upper Cumberland” [Tenn.].  In Rural Life and Culture in the Upper Cumberland, ed. M. Birdwell and W. Dickinson, 274-301.  Lexington: University Press of Kentucky.

Wolfe, Charles K.  2005.  “‘Bloody War’: War Songs in Early Country Music.  In Country Music Goes to War, ed. C. Wolfe and J. Akenson, 26-32.  Lexington, Ky.: University Press of Kentucky.

Wolfe, Charles K.  2005.  “‘Jesus Hits Like an Atom Bomb’: Nuclear Warfare in Country Music, 1944-56.”  In Country Music Goes to War, ed. C. Wolfe and J. Akenson, 102-125.  Lexington, Ky.: University Press of Kentucky.

Wolfe, Charles K.  2005.  “The Bristol Sessions: A Chronology” [July 22-Aug. 4, 1927]; and “1927-1928 Releases from the Bristol Sessions” [with Victor numbers].  In The Bristol Sessions: Writings about the Big Bang of Country Music, ed. C. Wolfe and T. Olson, 31-39.  Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland.

Wolfe, Charles K.  2005.  “The Bristol Sessions: A Cast of Characters” [1927; profiles of musicians].  In The Bristol Sessions: Writings about the Big Bang of Country Music, ed. C. Wolfe and T. Olson, 40-53.  Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland.

Wolfe, Charles K.  2005.  “The Rest of the Story: Other Early Recording Sessions in the Tri-Cities Area” [1928-29; Bristol and Johnson City, Tenn.].  In The Bristol Sessions: Writings about the Big Bang of Country Music, ed. C. Wolfe and T. Olson, 235-256.  Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland.

Wolfe, Charles K., and James E. Akenson, ed.  2003.  The Women of Country Music: A Reader [13 essays].  Lexington: University Press of Kentucky.  229 pp.

Wolfe, Charles K., and James Edward Akenson, ed.  2003.  The Women of Country Music: A Reader [13 essays].  Lexington: University Press of Kentucky.  229 pp.

Wolfe, Charles K., and James Edward Akenson, ed.  2005.  Country Music Goes to War [14 essays; Civil War to present].  Lexington: University Press of Kentucky.  250 pp.

Wolfe, Charles K., and Ted Olson, ed.  2005.  The Bristol Sessions: Writings About the Big Bang of Country Music [1927 sound recordings; Bristol, Tenn.; 19 essays]. Contributions to Southern Appalachian Studies, no. 12.  Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland.  296 pp.

Wolfe, Charles K., ed. 1997.  Folk Songs of Middle Tennessee: The George Boswell Collection  [106 songs selected and transcribed].  Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press.  186 pp.

Wolfe, Charles.  1997.  “Clark Kessinger: Pure Fiddling” [1896-1975].  Goldenseal: West Virginia Traditional Life 23 (Fall): 10-17.

Wolfe, Charles.  1998.  “Grandpa Jones, 1913-1998" [obituary].  Bluegrass Unlimited 32 (April): 19.

Wolfe, Charles.  1999.  “Harlan Daniel: Notes Toward a Bibliography.”  Tennessee Folklore Society Bulletin 59 (no. 1): 7-8.

Wolfe, Charles.  2001.  “Early Country: Treasures Untold.”  In American Roots Music, ed.  R. Santelli, H. George-Warren, and J. Brown, 14-33.  New York: H. N. Abrams.

Wolfe, Charles.  2002.  “The Original Man of Constant Sorrow: The Mystery of Emry Arthur” [Monticello, Ky.; Dick Burnett, 1883-1977].  Bluegrass Unlimited 36 (April): 46-51.

Wolfe, Charles.  2003.  “‘And No Man Shall Control Me’: The Strange Case of Roba Stanley, Country’s First Woman Recording Star” [Ga.].  In The Women of Country Music: A Reader, ed. C. Wolfe and J. Akenson, 18-29.  Lexington: University Press of Kentucky.

Wolfe, Margaret Ripley.  1995.  Daughters of Canaan: A Saga of Southern Women.  Lexington: University Press of Kentucky.  281 pp.

Wolford, Michelle.  2006.  “Steel Drums in Morgantown: Percussion Pioneer Ellie Mannette” [79-year-old Trinidadian American, “Father of the Steel Drum”].  Goldenseal: West Virginia Traditional Life 32, no. 4 (Winter): 38-43.  Sidebar, “Creating the Steel Drum,” by Michelle Wolford, 44-45.

Worthington, T. J.  2012.  “The Albert Hash Memorial Festival.”  Old-Time Herald 13, no. 3.  Mt. Rogers and Whitetop, Virginia.  http://www.oldtimeherald.org/archive/back_issues/volume-13/13-3/index.html.

Wright, Caroline.  2007.  “Dale Ann Bradley” [Ky.; award-winning vocalist].  Bluegrass Unlimited 41, no. 8 (February): 26-31.

Wright, Ellen.  2003.  “‘Do You Want Mustard?’ ‘Yup!’: First Lady of Banjo Roni Stoneman” [star on “Hee Haw”; b. 1938].  In The Women of Country Music: A Reader, ed. C. Wolfe and J. Akenson, 30-45.  Lexington: University Press of Kentucky.

Wright, Jack, producer, editor.  2007.  Music of Coal: Mining Songs from the Appalachian Coalfields [sound recording and book; historical photographs].  Big Stone Gap, Va.: Lonesome Pine Office on Youth.  Two sound discs and one book , 69 pp.: discography with liner notes by Jack Wright (p. 1-66), and bibliographical references (p. 67).  Contents: Disc 1: Down in the coal mine (Edison Concert Band) -- Mining camp blues (Trixie Smith) -- Sprinkle coal dust on my grave (Orville Jenks) -- Coal miners blues (The Carter Family) -- Hard times in Coleman’s mine (Aunt Molly Jackson) -- He’s only a miner killed in the ground (Ted Chestnut) -- Coal black mining blues (Nimrod Workman) -- ’31 depression blues (Ed Sturgill) -- Prayer of a miner’s child (Dock Boggs) -- That twenty-five cents you paid (Sarah Ogan Gunning) -- The L & N don’t stop her anymore (Jean Ritchie) -- Dark as a dungeon (Merle Travis) -- Come all you coal miners (Reel World String Band) -- My sweetheart’s the mule in the mines (Mike Kline) -- Thirty inch coal (Hobo Jack Adkins) -- Black waters (Jim Ringer) -- Roof boltin’ daddy (Gene Carpenter) -- Dream of a miner’s child (Carter Stanley) -- Coal miner’s boogie (George Davis) -- Yablonski murder (Hazel Dickens) -- What are we gonna do? (Dorothy Myles) -- Explosion at Derby Mine (Charlie Maggard) -- Blind fiddler (Jim "Bud" Stanley) -- Loadin’ coal (John Hutchison) -- Coal town Saturday night (Randall Hylton) -- It’s been a long time (Sonny Houston & Roger Hall) -- Fountain filled with blood (Elder James Caudill & Choir).

Disc 2: West Virginia mine disaster (Molly Slemp) -- Union man (Blue Highway) -- Blue diamond mines (Robin & Linda Williams) -- Set yourself free (Billy Gene Mullins) -- Redneck war (Ron Short) -- Sixteen tons (Ned Beatty) -- There will be no black lung (up in heaven) ( Rev. Joe Freeman) -- Deep mine blues (Nick Stump) -- I’m a coal mining man (Tom T. Hall) -- Dirty black coal (Kenneth Davis) -- Black lung (A.J. Roach) -- Coal dust kisses (Suzanne Mumpower-Johnson) -- Coal tattoo ( Dale Jett) -- A strip miner’s life (Don Stanley & Middle Creek) -- Daddy’s dinner bucket (Ralph Stanley II) -- In those mines (Valerie Smith) -- Miner’s prayer (Ralph Stanley & Dwight Yoakam) -- Dyin’ to make a livin’ (W.V. Hill) -- You’ll never leave Harlan alive (Darrell Scott) -- They can’t put it back (Jack Wright) -- Which side are you on? (Natalie Merchant).

Wright, Jack.  1998.  “Only Remembered for What He Has Done -- Dock Boggs” [1898-1971; old time banjo player and singer].  Old-Time Herald Online 6, no. 5 (Fall).  http://www.oldtimeherald.org/pages/eissues.htm.

Wright, Jack.  2007.  “CD Celebrates Music from the Coal Mines” [podcast].  Interview by Melissa Block.  All Things Considered.  National Public Radio.  Washington, D.C: NPR, 3 September.  3:58 min.  Reviews the two-CD set Music of Coal: Mining Songs from the Appalachian Coalfields.  Includes sound clips of four songs: “Coal Miner’s Boogie,” by George Davis; “Hard Times in Coleman’s Mine,” by Aunt Molly Jackson; “Thirty Inch Coal,” by Hobo Jack Adkins; and “Coal Town Saturday Night,” by Randall Hylton.”  http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=14060994.

Wright, Jack.  2008.  “‘Looking into my Culture’: An Interview with Jack Wright” [musician, filmmaker, and social activist].  By Whitney Kimball Coe, Jennifer Cohen-Jordan, Amanda T. Hedrick, Emily Schaad, and Anna Rachel Terman, with Patricia D. Beaver.  Appalachian Journal 35, no. 4 (Summer): 334-356, including a list of production credits and publications by Wright.

Yates, Mike, ed.  2004.  Dear Companion: Appalachian Traditional Songs and Singers from the Cecil Sharp Collection [53 songs; 50 singers; collected 1916-1918].  Compiled and edited with an introduction by Mike Yates, with Elaine Bradtke and Malcolm Taylor.  Traditional Songs and Singers from the Cecil Sharp Collection, no. 2.  London: English Folk Dance & Song Society in association with Sharp’s Folk Club.  137 pp.

Young, Kevin W.  2009.  “The Murder of Gladys Kincaid: The Story Behind the Ballads” [W.L. Eury Appalachian Collection, Appalachian State University].  North Carolina Folklore Journal 56, no. 1 (Spring-Summer): 21-32.  Based on the murder of a 15-year-old white girl in 1927 Morganton, N.C., and the manhunt for her accused killer, a black man.

Zollo, Rick.  2006.  “Cotten Picking: Elizabeth Cotten and the Folk Revival” [b. 1895; African-American; with Seeger family].  Shenandoah: The Washington and Lee University Review 56, no. 2 (Fall): 67-75.

Zolten, Jerry.  2008.  “A Tale of Two Technologies: Rediscovering the Buffalo Ragged Five, Pioneering Country Gospel Recording Artists.”  Old-Time Herald 11, no. 8 (December 2008-January 2009).  1930s Buffalo, Whitley County, Ky.  http://www.oldtimeherald.org/archive/back_issues/volume-11/11-8/buffalo-5.html.

Zwierzchowski, Mary.  2005.  “Weirton’s Singing Men of Steel” [Weirton Steel (Co.) Choral Society, created 1934]. Goldenseal: West Virginia Traditional Life 31, no. 4 (Winter): 28-33.

Zwonitzer, Mark, and Charles Hirschberg.  2002.  Will You Miss Me When I’m Gone?  The Carter Family and Their Legacy in American Music.  New York: Simon & Schuster.  417 pp.