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Civil War, Military

Wartime impact and involvement.

Adamson, June.  1997.  “The SED in Oak Ridge, 1943-1946: Using a Secret Newsletter by a Secret Army detachment to Learn More About a Secret City in Tennessee” [Secret Engineering Detachment].  Tennessee Historical Quarterly 56 (Fall): 196-211.

Alvin C. York (“Sergeant York”).  2012.  Special issue, Tennessee Historical Quarterly 71, no. 4 (Winter): 276-340.  York, 1887-1964, was born and raised in Fentress County, Tenn.  Contents: “Re-Fighting the Meuse-Argonne: Alvin York and the Battle over World War I Site Commemoration,” by Brad Posey | “Where Sergeant York Won His Medal of Honor: An Example of Applied Geographic Information Science,” by Thomas J. Nolan | “Alvin Cullum York: The Myth, The Man and the Legacy,” by Michael E. Birdwell.

Anderson, Robert E.  2007.  One of Lincoln’s Best [General Joseph A. J. Lightburn, 1824-1901].  Morgantown, W.Va.: R.E. Anderson.  87 pp.

Athey, Lou.  1996.  “Loyalty and Civil Liberty in Fayette County During the Civil War.”  West Virginia History 55 (1996): 1-24.

Ayers, Edward L.  2003.  In the Presence of Mine Enemies: War in the Heart of America, 1859-1863 [Franklin Co., Pa.; Augusta Co., Va.].  New York: W.W. Norton.  472 pp.

Ayers, Edward L., Gary W. Gallagher, and Andrew J. Torget, ed.  2006.  Crucible of the Civil War: Virginia from Secession to Commemoration [W.Va.; Va. group identity; shaded county outline maps].  Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press.  226 pp.

Baber, Bob Henry, Jason Gum, and Mark Romano, ed.  2012.  Heroes Among Us: A Tradition of Service: The West Virginia Veterans’ Legacy Project [profiles; quotes; photos; Civil War to Iraq/Afghanistan].  Glenville, W.Va.: Glenville State College Press.  195 pp.  “Designed by Lund Bailey; dedicated to Professor Larry Sypolt, 1949-2012, the Father of the WV Veterans’ Legacy Project.”

Babits, Lawrence Edward, and Joshua B. Howard.  2009.  Long, Obstinate, and Bloody: The Battle of Guilford Courthouse [1781; Greensboro, N.C.].  Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.  300 pp.

Baggett, James Alex.  2009.  Homegrown Yankees: Tennessee’s Union Cavalry in the Civil War [most East Tennesseans].  Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press.  444 pp.

Ballard, Sandra L., and Leila E. Weinstein, ed.  2007.  Neighbor to Neighbor: A Memoir of Family, Community, and Civil War in Appalachian North Carolina [Ashe Co.; William Albert Wilson, 1861-1951; essays by Patricia D. Beaver, Martin Crawford, John C. Inscoe].  Boone, N.C.: Center for Appalachian Studies, Appalachian State University.  180 pp.

Barbour, Russ.  2003.  “Major General Charles R. Fox” [profile of highly decorated veteran; b. 1912].  Goldenseal: West Virginia Traditional Life 29 (Summer): 10-17.

Bard, David.  2004.  The Civil War in the New River Valley 1861-1865: 3 One-Day Driving Tours [W.Va.-Va.; guidebook, 43 maps, chronology].  Charleston, W.Va.: Quarrier Press.  144 pp.

Barksdale, Kevin T.  2004.  “‘Beneath the Golden Stairs’: Gender, Unionization, and Mobilization in World War II West Virginia” [Glendale; Marx Toy Workers Union].  Ohio Valley History 4 (Spring): 21-42.

Barnes, Kenneth C.  2001.  “The Williams Clan’s Civil War: How an Arkansas Farm Family Became a Guerrilla Band.”  In Enemies of the Country: New Perspectives on Unionists in the Civil War South, ed. J. Inscoe and R. Kenzer, 188-207.  Athens: University of Georgia Press.

Beaver, Patricia D.  2007.  “The Civil War on the North Fork of the New River: Sustaining Community.”  In Neighbor to Neighbor: A Memoir of Family, Community, and Civil War in Appalachian North Carolina [Ashe Co.], ed. S. Ballard and L. Weinstein, 20-36.  Boone, N.C.: Center for Appalachian Studies, Appalachian State University.

Berkey, Jonathan M.  2001.  “Fighting the Devil with Fire: David Hunter Strother’s Private Civil War.”  In Enemies of the Country: New Perspectives on Unionists in the Civil War South, ed. J. Inscoe and R. Kenzer, 18-36.  Athens: University of Georgia Press.

Bernstein, Steven.  2011.  The Confederacy’s Last Northern Offensive: Jubal Early, the Army of the Valley and the Raid on Washington [1864].  Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland.  236 pp.

Bertsch, Friedrich, and Wilhelm Stängel.  2010.  A German Hurrah! Civil War Letters of Friedrich Bertsch and Wilhelm Stängel, 9th Ohio Infantry.  Translated and edited by Joseph R. Reinhart.  Kent, Ohio: Kent State University Press.  370 pp.  Camp life, political and social observations; campaigns in western Va., Ky., and parts of Tenn., Ala. and Miss.

Billinger, Robert D.  2008.  Nazi POWs in the Tar Heel State.  Gainesville: University Press of Florida.  246 pp.  Five permanent  N.C. camps, 13 branch camps, 10,000 POWs.

Birdwell, Michael E.  2003.  “Old Hickory and the Hindenburg Line: The 30th Division in World War I.”  Journal of East Tennessee History 74 (2002): 1-32.

Birdwell, Michael E.  2004.  “Gobble Like a Turkey: Alvin C. York and American Popular Culture” [immortalized WWI Tenn. hero].  In Rural Life and Culture in the Upper Cumberland, ed. M. Birdwell and W. Dickinson, 159-177.  Lexington: University Press of Kentucky.

Black, Robert C.  [1952] 1998.  The Railroads of the Confederacy.  Reprint, with a new foreword by Gary W. Gallagher.  Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.  360 pp.

Blackwell, Joshua Beau.  2011.  The 1865 Stoneman’s Raid Begins: Leave Nothing for the Rebellion to Stand Upon [Tenn., Va., N.C.].  Charleston, S.C.: History Press.  190 pp.

Bohannon, Keith S.  2001.  “They Had Determined to Root Us Out: Dual Memoirs by a Unionist Couple in Blue Ridge Georgia.”  In Enemies of the Country: New Perspectives on Unionists in the Civil War South, ed. J. Inscoe and R. Kenzer, 97-120.  Athens: University of Georgia Press.

Bollier, Sam.  2009.  “‘Our Own Paradise Invaded’: Imagining Civil War-Era East Tennessee” [outside and Northern perceptions, and self-perceptions].  Tennessee Historical Quarterly 68, no. 3 (Winter): 391-410.

Bonnstetter, Cathy Meo.  2001.  “‘You Never Forget’: Taylor County’s Color Guard” [VFW Post 3081].  Goldenseal: West Virginia Traditional Life 27 (Winter): 9-13.

Booth, George Wilson.  [1898] 2000.  A Maryland Boy in Lee’s Army: Personal Reminiscences of a Maryland Soldier in the War Between the States, 1861-1865 [Shenandoah Valley campaigns; Va., W.Va.].  Reprint.  Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.  184 pp.  Originally published: Baltimore: privately published.

Boynton, Henry V.  2010.  The Battles of Chickamauga and Chattanooga and the Organizations Engaged [1863].  Edited with a new introduction by Timothy B. Smith.  Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press.  This volume combines Boynton’s [1835-1905] three short books, The Battle of Chickamauga, Georgia; Battles about Chattanooga, Tennessee; and The Campaign for Chattanooga.

Brady, Lisa M.  2012.  “Ravaged Ground: Sheridan in the Shenandoah Valley, 1864.”  Chap. 3 in War Upon the Land: Military Strategy and the Transformation of Southern Landscapes During the American Civil War, by L. Brady, 72-92.  Athens: University of Georgia Press.

Bragg, Rick.  2003.  I Am a Soldier, Too: The Jessica Lynch Story [Iraq War, 2003; prisoner of war; W.Va. native, b. 1983].  New York: Knopf.  207 pp.

Brooks, Jason.  1997.  “No Law In ... The Civil War in the New River Valley” [Va., W.Va.].  In Proceedings, New River Symposium, April 11-12, 1997, Glade Springs Resort, Daniels, West Virginia, 1-10.  Glen Jean, W.Va.: National Park Service.

Bryan, Charles F.  2004.  “‘Tories’ Amidst Rebels: Confederate Occupation of East Tennessee, 1861-63.”  Journal of East Tennessee History 75 (2003): 43-61.

Burns, G. Frank, Kelly Sergio, and Rex Bennett.  2004.  “Somewhere in Tennessee: The Cumberland Wartime, 1940-1947” [Camp Forrest; war games, 21-county area].  In Rural Life and Culture in the Upper Cumberland, ed. M. Birdwell and W. Dickinson, 227-245.  Lexington: University Press of Kentucky.

Butko, Brian, and Nicholas P. Ciotola, ed.  2003.  Industry and Infantry: The Civil War in Western Pennsylvania [collection of eight articles].  Pittsburgh: Historical Society of Western Pennsylvania.  126 pp.

Caleo, Robert L.  2007.  “‘A Most Serious Wound’: The Memorial of George Farragut.”  Journal of East Tennessee History 79: 63-79.

Carmichael, Peter S.  2003.  “So Far From God and So Close to Stonewall Jackson: The Executions of Three Shenandoah Valley Soldiers.”  Virginia Magazine of History and Biography 111 (no. 1): 33-66.

Chapman, Reid, and Deborah Miles.  2006.  Asheville and Western North Carolina in World War II [photo-retrospective].  Images of America.  Charleston, S.C.: Arcadia.  127 pp.

Chronology of Major Events in Appalachia’s Civil War.  1997.  In The Civil War in Appalachia: Collected Essays, ed. K. Noe and S. Wilson, xxxv-xxxvii.  Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press.

Cohen, Stan.  [1990] 2003.  A Pictorial Guide to West Virginia’s Civil War Sites and Related Information.  Charleston, W.Va: Quarrier Press.  120 pp.

Collins, Darrell L.  2007.  The Jones-Imboden Raid: The Confederate Attempt to Destroy the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad and Retake West Virginia.  Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland.  217 pp.

Cooling, B. Franklin.  1999.  “A People’s War: Partisan Conflict in Tennessee and Kentucky.”  In Guerrillas, Unionists, and Violence on the Confederate Home Front, ed. D. Sutherland, 113-132.  Fayetteville: University of Arkansas Press.

Cooling, Benjamin Franklin.  1997.  Fort Donelson’s Legacy: War and Society in Tennessee and Kentucky, 1862-1863.  Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press.  420 pp.

Cooling, Benjamin Franklin.  2011.  To the Battles of Franklin and Nashville and Beyond: Stabilization and Reconstruction in Tennessee and Kentucky, 1864-1866.  Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press.  256 pp.

Cordes, Kathleen Ann.  1999.  “Overmountain Victory National Historic Trail.”  In America’s National Historic Trails [guidebook], by K. Cordes, 40-63.  Norman: University of Oklahoma Press.

Cozzens, Peter.  2008.  Shenandoah 1862: Stonewall Jackson’s Valley Campaign.  Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.  623 pp.

Craig, Tom Moore, ed.  2009.  Upcountry South Carolina Goes to War: Letters of the Anderson, Brockman, and Moore Families, 1853-1865 [Spartanburg Co.].  Introduction by Tom Moore Craig, and Melissa Walker.  Columbia: University of South Carolina Press.  190 pp.

Crawford, Martin.  1997.  “The Dynamics of Mountain Unionism: Federal Volunteers of Ashe County, North Carolina.”  In The Civil War in Appalachia: Collected Essays, ed. K. Noe and S. Wilson, 55-77.  Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press.

Crawford, Martin.  2001.  Ashe County’s Civil War: Community and Society in the Appalachian South [N.C.].  A Nation Divided: New Studies in Civil War History series.  Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia.  238 pp.

Crawford, Martin.  2007.  “Ashe County’s Civil War, 1863-1865.”  In Neighbor to Neighbor: A Memoir of Family, Community, and Civil War in Appalachian North Carolina, ed. S. Ballard and L. Weinstein, 37-43.  Boone, N.C.: Center for Appalachian Studies, Appalachian State University.  (Reprinted from Ashe County’s Civil War: Community and Society in the Appalachian South, University Press of Virginia, 2001).

Cubbison, Douglas R.  1999.  “‘That Awful Storm of Iron and Smoke’: Union Artillery at Moccasin Bend, Chattanooga, September-November, 1863.”  Tennessee Historical Quarterly 58 (Winter): 268-283.

Cubbison, Douglas R.  2002.  “Tactical Genius Above the Clouds: ‘Fighting Joe’ Hooker and John White Geary at the Battle of Lookout Mountain, November 24, 1863.”  Tennessee Historical Quarterly 61 (Winter): 266-289.

Dameron, J. David.  2003.  King’s Mountain: The Defeat of the Loyalists, October 7, 1780 [S.C.].  Cambridge, Mass.: Da Capo Press.  128 pp.

Daniel, Larry J.  2004.  Days of Glory: The Army of the Cumberland, 1861-1865 [authoritative regimental history].  Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press.  490 pp.

Daniel, Larry J.  2012.  Battle of Stones River: The Forgotten Conflict between the Confederate Army of Tennessee and the Union Army of the Cumberland [Tenn.; Dec. 31, 1862-Jan. 2, 1863].  Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press.  313 pp.

Danielson, Joseph Wesley.  2012.  War’s Desolating Scourge: The Union’s Occupation of North Alabama.  Lawrence: University Press of Kansas.  218 pp.

Dao, James.  2005.  “A New Campaign to Preserve an Old Mining Battlefield” [1921, Battle of Blair Mountain, West Virginia Mine Wars].  New York Times, 15 May, 22(A).

Davis, Don.  2007.  Stonewall Jackson.  Great Generals series.  New York: Palgrave Macmillan.  204 pp.

Davis, Robert S., Jr.  1996.  “Memoirs of a Partisan War: Sion Darnell Remembers North Georgia, 1861-1865.”  Georgia Historical Quarterly 80 (Spring): 93-116.

Davis, Robert S., Jr.  2001.  “White and Black in Blue: The Recruitment of Federal Units in Civil War North Georgia.”  Georgia Historical Quarterly 85 (Fall): 347-374.

Davis, Robert S., Jr.  2001.  “White and Black in Blue: The Recruitment of Federal Units in Civil War North Georgia.”  Georgia Historical Quarterly 85 (Fall): 347-374.

Davis, Robert Scott.  2009.  “Joe Ritchey of Tennessee: An American Desperado in Legends, the Newspapers, and a Federal Pension File” [Chattanooga; Unionist].  Tennessee Historical Quarterly 68, no. 2 (Summer): 152-173.

Davis, Robert Scott.  2011.  “War on the Edge: Civil War Era Politics and Its Legacy in an Appalachian County” [Pickens Co., Ga.; Confederate opposition/Union loyalty].  Chap. 1 in  Breaking the Heartland: The Civil War in Georgia, ed. J. Fowler and D. Parker, 1-18.  Macon, Ga.: Mercer University Press.

Davis, William C., and James I. Robertson, ed.  2007.  Virginia at War, 1862 [nine essays].  Lexington: University Press of Kentucky.  243 pp.

Davis, William C., and James I. Robertson, ed.  2009.  Virginia at War, 1863 [eight essays].  Lexington: University Press of Kentucky.  218 pp.

Davis, William C., and James I. Robertson, ed.  2009.  Virginia at War, 1864 [ten essays].  Lexington: University Press of Kentucky.  242 pp.

Davis, William C., and Meredith L. Swentor, ed.  1999.  Bluegrass Confederate: The Headquarters Diary of Edward O. Guerrant [stationed in Appalachian Va., Tenn., and Ky.].  Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press.  584 pp.

Delfino, Susanna.  2000.  “‘To Maintain the Civil Rights of the People’: The Tribulations of Duff Green, Iron Manufacturer in Civil War East Tennessee.”  Journal of East Tennessee History 72: 49-61.

Dement, Rebekah.  2009.  “The Phenomenon of Five Thousand Soldiers Milling Around One Business Block: World War II and Tullahoma, Tennessee” [economic impact; Camp Forrest; Franklin and Coffee Cos.].  Tennessee Historical Quarterly 68, no. 3 (Fall): 296-323.

Dickinson, Jack L.  2001.  Cooney Ricketts: A Child of the Regiment.  Charleston, W.Va.: Pictorial Histories Publishing Co.  157 pp.  Story of a 13 year old boy from Guyandotte, (W.)Va. who joined up with the 8th Virginia Cavalry in 1861.

Dollar, Kent T., Larry H. Whiteaker, and W. Calvin Dickinson, ed.  2009.  Sister States, Enemy States: The Civil War in Kentucky and Tennessee [16 essays].  Lexington, Ky.: University Press of Kentucky.  391 pp.  Contents: Part 1. Secession in Kentucky and Tennessee -- Beleaguered loyalties: Kentucky unionism / Gary R. Matthews -- Not a pariah, but a keystone: Kentucky and secession / Thomas C. Mackey -- The vortex of secession: west Tennesseans and the rush to war / Derek W. Frisby -- “An unconditional, straight-out Union man”: Parson Brownlow and the secession crisis in East Tennessee / Robert Tracy McKenzie -- “We can never live in a southern confederacy”: the Civil War in East Tennessee / John D. Fowler -- Part 2. Traitors, blacks, and guerrillas in wartime Kentucky and Tennessee -- “Battle against the traitors”: unionist middle Tennesseans in the Ninth Kentucky Infantry and what they fought for / Kenneth W. Noe -- “Time by the forelock”: Champ Ferguson and the borderland style of warfare / Brian D. McKnight -- “I shoot the men and burn their houses”: home fires in the line of fire / Michael R. Bradley -- Freedom is better than slavery: black families and soldiers in Civil War Kentucky / Marion B. Lucas -- A long way from freedom: Camp Nelson refugees / Richard D. Sears -- “Not much a friend to traiters no matter how beautiful”: the Union military and Confederate women in Civil War Kentucky / Kristen L. Streater -- Part 3. War’s impact in Kentucky and Tennessee -- “My trust is still firmly fixed in God”: Alfred T. Fielder, his Christian faith, and the ordeal of war / Kent T. Dollar -- An interrupted life: Colonel Sidney Smith Stanton / W. Calvin Dickinson -- The failure of restoration: wartime reconstruction in Tennessee, 1862-1865 / Jonathan M. Atkins -- Reconstruction power play: the 1867 mayoral election in Nashville, Tennessee / Ben H. Severance -- After the horror: Kentucky in reconstruction / B. Franklin Cooling.

Dickinson, W. Calvin, and Shelly Christian.  2012.  “‘Oh! God! Give Us Peace! Peace on Any Terms!’: Three East Tennessee Women View the Civil War.”  Journal Of East Tennessee History 84: 63-77.  Examines the diaries of Mary Katherine Sproul (Overton Co.), Amanda McDowell (White Co.), and Lucy Virginia French (Warren Co.).

Dixon, David.  2003.  Bushy Run Battlefield: Pennsylvania Trail of History Guide [1763; French and Indian War].  Mechanicsburg, Pa.: Stackpole Books.  48 pp.

Dotson, Rand.  2000.  “‘The Grave and Scandalous Evil Infected to Your People’: The Erosion of Confederate Loyalty in Floyd County, Virginia” [1864].  Virginia Magazine of History and Biography 108 (no. 4): 393-434.

Duff, Levi Bird.  2009.  To Petersburg with the Army of the Potomac: The Civil War Letters of Levi Bird Duff, 105th Pennsylvania Volunteers [“Wildcat Regiment,” from western Pa.].  Edited by Jonathan E. Helmreich.  Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland.  232 pp.

Dugger, Shepherd M.  [1974] 2001.  War Trails of the Blue Ridge: Containing an Authentic Description of the Battle of Kings Mountain, the Incidents Leading up to and the Echoes of the Aftermath of This Epochal Engagement and Other Stories Whose Scenes Are Laid in the Blue Ridge [S.C., 1780].  Reprint. Banner Elk, N.C.: Pudding Stone Press.  Originally published, 1932.

Duncan, Richard R.  2007.  Beleaguered Winchester: A Virginia Community at War,

1861-1865 [Shenandoah Valley Campaigns].  Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press.  380 pp.

Dunkelman, Mark H.  2004.  “Blood Marked Their Tracks: A Union Regiment’s Hard March to the Relief of Knoxville in 1863” [154th New York Volunteer Infantry].  Tennessee Historical Quarterly 63 (Spring): 2-17.

Dunkerly, Robert.  2007.  The Battle of King’s Mountain: Eyewitness Accounts [S.C., 1780; American accounts; Loyalist accounts].  Charleston, S.C.: History Press.  158 pp.

Earle, Jonathan Halperin.  2008.  John Brown’s Raid on Harpers Ferry: A Brief History with Documents [1859].  Boston: Bedford/St. Martin’s.  158 pp.

Earnest, John Guilford.  2003.  All Right Let Them Come: The Civil War Diary of an East Tennessee Confederate [d. 1932].  Edited by Charles Swift Northen III.  Voices of the Civil War.  Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press.  115 pp.

Eberly, Robert E.  2005.  Bouquets from the Cannon’s Mouth: Soldiering with the Eighth Regiment of the Pennsylvania Reserves [Civil War; traces the daily lives of four Fayette Co., Pa., men].  Shippensburg, Pa: White Mane Books.  372 pp.

Ecelbarger, Gary L.  2008.  Three Days in the Shenandoah: Stonewall Jackson at Front Royal and Winchester.  Campaigns and Commanders, vol. 14.  Norman: University of Oklahoma Press.  273 pp.

Edgar, Alfred Mallory.  2011.  My Reminiscences of the Civil War with the Stonewall Brigade and the Immortal 600 [27th Virginia Infantry, CSA; b. 1837, Greenbrier Co., (W.)Va.].  Charleston, W.Va.: 35th Star Publishing.  171 pp.

Edgar, Alfred Mallory.  2011.  My Reminiscences of the Civil War with the Stonewall Brigade and the Immortal 600 [1837-1913, Greenbrier Co., (W.)Va.].  Charleston, W.Va.: 35th Star Publishing.  171 pp.  Confederate Captain’s personal narrative as a Greenbrier Rifles volunteer, 27th Virginia Infantry regiment, of the Stonewall Brigade.

Elliott, Ron.  2010.  From Hilltop to Mountaintop: The Life and Legacy of One Iwo Jima Flag Raiser.  Morley, Mo.: Dark Horse Books.  256 pp.  Biography of Hilltop, Kentucky (Fleming Co.) farm boy, Franklin R. Sousley (1925-1945), one of the six Marine flag-raisers on Mt. Suribachi immortalized by Joe Rosenthal’s famous WWII photograph.

Ellis, Allen.  1996.  “Captain Daniel Ellis: An Annotated Bibliography” [Civil War; East Tenn.].  Bulletin of Bibliography 53 (December): 369-377.

Ellis, Allen.  2003.  “The Lost Adventures of Daniel Ellis” [piloted 4000 Civil War Confederate refugees through the mountains to Union territory].  Journal of East Tennessee History 74 (2002): 58-68.

Ellis, Jack D.  2003.  Patriots & Heroes: Eastern Kentucky Soldiers of WWII [biographies].  Ashland, Ky.: Jesse Stuart Foundation.  409 p.

Emerson, W. Eric.  2012.  “The USS Asheville and the Limits of Navalism in Western North Carolina.”  North Carolina Historical Review 89, no. 3 (July): 301-330.  Discusses four warships named USS Asheville, commissioned in: 1918 (patrol gunboat, sunk 1942 by Japanese forces); 1942 (WWII patrol frigate); 1966 (high speed gunboat, Vietnam); and 1991 (submarine).

Engel, Mary Ella.  2010.  “Gathering Georgians to Zion: John Hamilton Morgan’s 1876 Mission to Georgia.”  Chap. 7 in Reconstructing Appalachia: The Civil War’s Aftermath, ed. A. Slap, 185-209.  Lexington: University Press of Kentucky.

Eye, Sara Marie.  2009.  “Frances Neves and Her Family: Upcountry Women in the Civil War” [Greenville Co.; Mush Creek Community].  In  South Carolina Women: Their Lives and Times, ed. M. Spruill, V. Littlefield, and J. Johnson, 255-272.  Athens: University of Georgia Press.

Fain, Eliza Rhea Anderson.  2004.  Sanctified Trial: The Diary of Eliza Rhea Anderson Fain, A Confederate Woman in East Tennessee [1816-1892; Rogersville].  Edited by John N. Fain.  Voices of the Civil War Series.  Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press.  410 pp.

Fain, John N.  1997.  “The Diary of Hiram Fain of Rogersville: An East Tennessee Secessionist.”  Journal of East Tennessee History 69: 97-114.

Feather, Carl E.  2007.  “‘Top Kick’: Gereald Bland and His Military Museum” [Civil War to Desert Storm; Petersburg].  Goldenseal: West Virginia Traditional Life 33, no. 3 (Fall): 18-23.

Feather, Carl E.  2012.  “Remembrance, Reflection, and Honor: Rowlesburg’s World War II Museum” [Preston Co.].  Goldenseal: West Virginia Traditional Life 38, no. 3 (Fall): 60-65.  Sidebar: “Military Memories in Weston” [Lewis Co.; McVaney’s Mountaineer Military Museum: Korea and Vietnam].

Fields, Truman.  2001.  “Uncle Dock and the Civil War” [border allegiances, Perry Co., Ky.].  Appalachian Heritage 29 (Winter): 27-28.

First West Virginia Infantry, The.  1996.  West Virginia History 55 (1996): 41-94.  Civil War; lists name, occupation, hometown, physical description.

Fisher, Noel C.  1997.  War at Every Door: Partisan Politics and Guerrilla Violence in East Tennessee, 1860-1869.  Civil War in America series.  Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.  250 pp.

Fisher, Noel C.  1999.  “Definitions of Victory: East Tennessee Unionists in the Civil War and Reconstruction.”  In Guerrillas, Unionists, and Violence on the Confederate Home Front, ed. D. Sutherland, 89-111.  Fayetteville: University of Arkansas Press.

Fisher, Noel.  2001.  “Feelin’ Mighty Southern: Recent Scholarship on Southern Appalachia in the Civil War.”  Civil War History 47 (December): 334-346.

Fones-Wolf, Ken.  2010.  “A House Redivided: From Sectionalism to Political Economy in West Virginia.  Chap. 9 in Reconstructing Appalachia: The Civil War’s Aftermath, ed. A. Slap, 237-268.  Lexington: University Press of Kentucky.

Fones-Wolf, Ken.  2007.  “‘Traitors in Wheeling’: Secessionism in an Appalachian Unionist City” [W.Va.; social bases of Confederate support].  Journal of Appalachian Studies 13, no. 1-2 (Spring-Fall): 75-95.

Fowler, John D.  2004.  Mountaineers in Gray: The Nineteenth Tennessee Volunteer Infantry Regiment, C.S.A. [East Tenn.].  Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press.  296 pp.

Fox, Arthur.  2011.  “Pittsburgh Builds a Brown Water Navy for the Civil War.”  Western Pennsylvania History 94, no. 2 (Summer): 48-60.  Steamship producing region: Allegheny, Beaver, Fayette, and Washington Counties.

Freehling, William W., and Craig M. Simpson, ed.  2010.  Showdown in Virginia: The 1861 Convention and the Fate of the Union.  Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press.  210 pp.  Collection of “the essential core of the speeches” debating secession, condensed from the Proceedings of the Virginia State Convention of 1861.

Furman, Jan.  1997.  “A Former Slave in Federal Service: John McCline’s Experience in Appalachia” [Tenn.].  In The Civil War in Appalachia: Collected Essays, ed. K. Noe and S. Wilson, 187-198.  Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press.

Gaerte, Andrew.  2011.  “A Rattlesnake Flag of the American Revolution” [“Don’t Tread on Me”].  Western Pennsylvania History 94, no. 3 (Fall): 42-45.  Westmoreland County flag on display in the Fort Pitt Museum in Pittsburgh, one of only a few surviving flags carried during the War for Independence.

Gallagher, Gary W., ed.  2003.  The Shenandoah Valley Campaign of 1862 [eight essays].  Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.  255 pp.

Gallagher, Gary W., ed.  2006.  The Shenandoah Valley Campaign of 1864 [11 chapters].  Military Campaigns of the Civil War.  Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.  392 pp.

Gallagher, Gary W., ed.  2009.  The Shenandoah Valley Campaign of 1862 [11 essays].  Military Campaigns of the Civil War series.  Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.  416 pp.  Contents: You must either attack Richmond or give up the job and come to the defence of Washington: Abraham Lincoln and the 1862 Shenandoah Valley Campaign / Gary W. Gallagher -- The metamorphosis in Stonewall Jackson’s public image / Robert K. Krick -- Such men as Shields, Banks, and Fremont: federal command in western Virginia, March-June 1862 / William J. Miller -- In the very midst of the war track: the valley’s civilians and the Shenandoah Campaign / Jonathan M. Berkey -- Placed on the pages of history in letters of blood: reporting on and remembering the 12th Georgia Infantry in the 1862 Valley Campaign / Keith S. Bohannon -- Turner Ashby’s appeal / Peter S. Carmichael -- Maryland’s ablest Confederate: Gen. Charles S. Winder of the Stonewall Brigade / Robert E.L. Krick -- Prejudices and partialities: the Garnett controversy revisited / A. Cash Koeniger.

Geiger, Joe.  2012.  Holding the Line: The Battle of Allegheny Mountain and Confederate Defense of the Staunton-Parkersburg Turnpike, 1861-62 [(W.)Va.].  Charleston, W.Va: Quarrier Press.  263 pp.

Gibbs, Joseph.  2002.  Three Years in the Bloody Eleventh: The Campaigns of a Pennsylvania Reserve Regiment [Western Pa.].  University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press.  378 pp.

Gilliam, Hubert, and Jim Glanville.  2006.  “An Unexpected Enemy and the Turn of the Tide: Andrew Creswell’s ‘King’s Mountain Letter’” [1780 battle (S.C.); letter reprinted and discussed].  Smithfield Review: Studies in the History of the Region West of the Blue Ridge 10: 5-19.

Gindlesperger, James, and Suzanne Gindlesperger.  2012.  So You Think You Know Antietam?: The Stories Behind America’s Bloodiest Day [Sept. 17, 1862].  Winston-Salem, N.C.: John F. Blair.  234 pp.

Gooden, Randall S.  2010.  “‘Neither War nor Peace’: West Virginia’s Reconstruction Experience.”  Chap. 8 in Reconstructing Appalachia: The Civil War’s Aftermath, ed. A. Slap, 211-236.  Lexington: University Press of Kentucky.

Gott, Kendall D.  2003.  Where the South Lost the War: An Analysis of the Fort Henry-Fort Donelson Campaign, February 1862.  Mechanicsburg, Pa.: Stackpole Books.  346 pp.

Graves, William T.  2002.  James Williams: An American Patriot in the Carolina Backcountry [Battle of King’s Mountain, S.C., 1780].  San Jose: Writers Club Press. 138 pp.

Graves, William T.  2002.  James Williams: An American Patriot in the Carolina Backcountry [S.C. Revolutionary War hero; Battle of King’s Mountain].  Charlotte, N.C.: William T. Graves.  138 pp.

Grebner, Constantin.  [1987] 2009.  We Were the Ninth: A History of the Ninth Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Infantry, April 17, 1861, to June 7, 1864.  Translated and edited by Frederic Trautmann.  Kent, Ohio: Kent State University Press.  322 pp.  Translation of: “Die Neuner.”  Formed by Cincinnati Germans, the 9th Ohio Volunteer Infantry saw combat in campaigns including West Virginia, Perryville, Ky., Chickamauga and Chattanooga, and Atlanta.

Green, John Williams.  [1956] 2002.  Johnny Green of the Orphan Brigade: The Journal of a Confederate Soldier [seven states].  Reprint.  Lexington: University Press of Kentucky.  218 pp.

Greenlee, Arthur B., and Greenlee Family.  [1918-1919] 2003.  “‘I will write you a few lines’: World War I Letters of the Greenlee Family [Mason Co.; Parris Island, S.C.; Quantico, Va.; France].  West Virginia History 59 (2001-2003): 85-141.

Groce, W. Todd.  1997.  “The Social Origins of East Tennessee’s Confederate Leadership.”  In The Civil War in Appalachia: Collected Essays, ed. K. Noe and S. Wilson, 30-54.  Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press.

Groce, W. Todd.  1999.  Mountain Rebels: East Tennessee Confederates and the Civil War, 1860-1870.  Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press.  240 pp.

Haga, Pauline.  2008.  “On Hallowed Ground: Jimmie McGrady and Beckley’s American Legion Cemetery.”  Goldenseal: West Virginia Traditional Life 34, no. 3 (Fall): 48-52.  Raleigh County; maintenance of 227 markers.

Hall, Granville Davisson.  [1902] 2000.  The Rending of Virginia: A History [birth of W.Va.].  Reprint, with an introduction by John Edmund Stealey, III.  Appalachian Echoes series.  Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press.  672 pp.  Originally published: Chicago: Mayer & Miller.

Hall, Susan G.  2000.  Appalachian Ohio and the Civil War, 1862-1863.  Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland.  264 pp.

Harding, French.  2000.  French Harding: Civil War Memoirs [1838-1919; W.Va.; Confederate infantry commander and cavalry officer in the Virginias].  Edited with an afterword by Victor L. Thacker.  Parsons, W.Va.: McClain Printing Company.  268 pp.

Hardy, Michael C.  2010.  The Fifty-Eighth North Carolina Troops: Tar Heels in the Army of Tennessee.  Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland.  253 pp.  Recruited from western N.C.; fought at Chickamauga and North Ga.

Hardy, William E.  2005.  “The Toils and Opportunities of War: A Michigan Chaplain in Civil War East Tennessee” [seven personal letters: portrait of Knoxville].  Journal of East Tennessee History 77: 76-93.

Hardy’s Union Militia in the Civil War: Letters from the West Virginia Adjutant General’s Papers [correspondence from Hardy County].  2006.  West Virginia History 60 (2004-2006): 83-110.

Harris, William C.  2003.  “East Tennessee’s Civil War Refugees and the Impact of the War on Civilians.”  Journal of East Tennessee History 75 (2003): 62-75.

Harrold, Stanley.  2010.  Border War: Fighting Over Slavery Before the Civil War.  Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.  292 pp.  “...examines the previously neglected cross-border clash of attitudes and traditions dating many generations back.”

Hartley, Chris J.  2010.  Stoneman’s Raid, 1865 [N.C., Va.].  Winston-Salem, N.C.: John F. Blair.  512 pp.  Gen. George Stoneman’s two-month cavalry raid across six Confederate states, from Knoxville across the mountains to southwestern Va.; inspiration for The Band’s song, “The Night They Drove Old Dixie Down.”

Hatfield, Philip.  2011.  The Other Feud: William Anderson “Devil Anse” Hatfield in the Civil War.  [United States: CreateSpace].  112 pp.  Confederate army service, 1861-1865.

Heady, Hilda R.  2011.  “Rural Veterans: Invisible Heroes, Special People, Special Issues.”  Journal of Rural Social Sciences 26, no. 3: 1-13.  This is one of eleven articles comprising a special issue on rural veterans,” 1-227.  http://www.ag.auburn.edu/auxiliary/srsa/pages/TOCs/JRSS%20vol26-3.htm.

Heaton, Lynda Rees.  2012.  “War Experiences of Samuel Wheeler, Private in the First West Virginia Cavalry” [1840-1919; memoir; Part I, 1862-63].  West Virginia History: A Journal of Regional Studies, new series, vol. 6, no. 2 (Fall): 45-69.

Hébert, Keith S.  2010.  “Reconstruction-Era Violence in North Georgia: The Mossy Creek Ku Klux Klan’s Defense of Local Autonomy.”  Chap. 2 in Reconstructing Appalachia: The Civil War’s Aftermath, ed. A. Slap, 49-70.  Lexington: University Press of Kentucky.

Hébert, Keith S.  2011.  “‘The Bottomless Pit of Hell’: The Confederate Home Front in Bartow County, 1864-1865” [Atlanta Campaign; guerrilla anarchy].  Chap. 7 in Breaking the Heartland: The Civil War in Georgia, ed. J. Fowler and D. Parker, 127-149.  Macon, Ga.: Mercer University Press.

Henry, Cornelia Catherine Smith (1836-1917).  2008.  Fear in North Carolina: The Civil War Journals and Letters of the Henry Family [Confederate; Asheville].  Compiled by Karen L. Clinard, and Richard Russell.  Asheville, N.C.: Reminiscing Books.  444 pp.

Hess, Earl J.  2012.  The Civil War in the West: Victory and Defeat from the Appalachians to the Mississippi.  Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.  392 pp.  Contents: Spring and summer 1861 | Fall 1861 | Fort Henry to Corinth | Occupation | The Gulf | Kentucky and Corinth | Winter campaigns | The Vicksburg Campaign and siege | Occupation and Port Hudson | From Tullahoma to Knoxville | Administering the Western conquests | Atlanta | Behind the lines | Fall turning point | The last campaigns | End game.

Hess, Earl J.  2012.  The Knoxville Campaign: Burnside and Longstreet in East Tennessee [1863].  Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press.  402 pp.

Hettle, Wallace.  2011.  Inventing Stonewall Jackson: A Civil War Hero in History and Memory [biography].  Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press.  200 pp.

Hoobler, James A.  2008.  Historic Photos of Chickamauga Chattanooga [1863; Ga. and Tenn.]. Nashville, Tenn: Turner Publishing.  205 pp.

Hopkins, Bruce.  2006.  Bright Wings to Fly: An Appalachian Family in the Civil War [Pike County, Ky.; war’s effect on families of Greasy Creek].  Nicholasville, Ky.: Wind Publications.  204 pp.

Horwitz, Tony.  2011.  Midnight Rising: John Brown and the Raid That Sparked the Civil War. New York: Henry Holt.  365 pp.  Harpers Ferry, (W.)Va., 1859.

Houston, Alan.  2011.  “Wagons for War: How Benjamin Franklin Helped Braddock’s March to the Forks” [of the Ohio; 1755].  Western Pennsylvania History 95, no. 1 (Spring): 22-37.

Hunt, Robert Eno.  2010.  The Good Men Who Won the War: Army of the Cumberland Veterans and Emancipation Memory.  Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press.  178 pp.  “...mostly Illinoisans, Ohioans, Indianans, and, significantly, Kentucky Unionists.”

Hunter, Edna Best.  2006.  “‘I Worked at Oak Ridge’: An Early Narrative of Life in the Secret City.”  Journal of East Tennessee History 78: 73-83.  Manhattan Project, 1944-45.

Huster, Lysbeth, and Joyce Ann Irons.  2008.  “Remembering Fairmont during World War II: An Interview with Lysbeth Huster and Joyce Ann Irons.”  Interview by Kashka Nelson, editing by C. Belmont Keeney.  West Virginia History: A Journal of Regional Studies, new series, 2, no. 1 (Spring): 83-90.

Hutton,  T.R.C.  2010.  “UnReconstructed Appalachia: The Persistence of War in Appalachia.”  Chap. 3 in Reconstructing Appalachia: The Civil War’s Aftermath, ed. A. Slap, 71-104.  Lexington: University Press of Kentucky.

Hylton, Lorenzo Dow, and Barbara Hylton.  2012.  “A Floyd County Family in Wartime: The Civil War Letters of Lorenzo and Barbara Hylton” [Va.; 1862-1864].  Edited by James Robertson.  Smithfield Review: Studies in the History of the Region West of the Blue Ridge 16: 27-44.  Lorenzo served in the Confederate 54th Virginia Infantry Regiment; Va., Tenn., Ga.; d. 1864.

Inscoe, John C.  1997.  “‘Moving through Deserter Country’: Fugitive Accounts of the Inner Civil War in Southern Appalachia.”  In The Civil War in Appalachia: Collected Essays, ed. K. Noe and S. Wilson, 158-186.  Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press.

Inscoe, John C.  2005.  “‘Talking Heroines’: Elite Mountain Women as Chroniclers of Stoneman’s Raid, April 1865” [N.C.; Confederate allegiance].  In Inside the Confederate Nation: Essays in Honor of Emory M. Thomas, ed. L. Gordon and J. Inscoe, 230-247.  Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press.  381 pp.

Inscoe, John C.  2006.  “Guerrilla War and Remembrance” [examines ‘The Early Life of William Albert Wilson,’ a Civil War memoir from Ashe Co., N.C.].  Appalachian Journal 34, no. 1 (Fall): 74-97.

Inscoe, John C.  2007.  “Guerrilla War and Remembrance.”  In Neighbor to Neighbor: A Memoir of Family, Community, and Civil War in Appalachian North Carolina [Ashe Co.], ed. S. Ballard and L. Weinstein, 44-69.  Boone, N.C.: Center for Appalachian Studies, Appalachian State University.

Inscoe, John C.  2010.  “‘A Northern Wedge Thrust into the Heart of the Confederacy’: Explaining Civil War Loyalties in the Age of Appalachian Discovery, 1900-1921.”  Chap. 12 in Reconstructing Appalachia: The Civil War’s Aftermath, ed. A. Slap, 323-348.  Lexington: University Press of Kentucky.

Inscoe, John C., and Gordon B. McKinney.  2000.  The Heart of Confederate Appalachia: Western North Carolina in the Civil War.  Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.  384 pp.

Inscoe, John C., and Gordon B. McKinney.  2001.  “Highland Households Divided: Family Deceptions, Diversions, and Divisions in Southern Appalachia’s Inner Civil War.”  In Enemies of the Country: New Perspectives on Unionists in the Civil War South, ed. J. Inscoe and R. Kenzer, 54-72.  Athens: University of Georgia Press.

Inscoe, John C., and Robert C. Kenzer, ed.  2001.  Enemies of the Country: New Perspectives on Unionists in the Civil War South [ten essays; selected bibliography].  Introduction by John C. Inscoe.  Athens: University of Georgia Press.

Iseminger, Gordon L.  2004.  “The Second Raid on Harpers Ferry, July 29, 1899: The Other Bodies That Lay A’Mouldering in Their Graves” [reinterment].  Pennsylvania History 71 (Spring): 129-163.

Jehl, Douglas, and Jayson Blair.  2003.  “Rescue in Iraq and a ‘Big Stir’ in West Virginia” [POW Jessica Lynch; Palestine, W.Va.].  New York Times, 3 April, 1(A).

Jenkins, Kirk C.  2003.  The Battle Rages Higher: The Union’s Fifteenth Kentucky

Infantry [regimental history: western campaigns, incl. Chickamauga, Chattanooga, Atlanta].  Lexington: University Press of Kentucky.  452 pp.

John Brown/ Boyd B. Stutler Collection Database, The [West Virginia State Archives].  2003.  West Virginia History 59 (2001-2003): 36-43.  http://www.wvculture.org/history/.

Johnson, Clint.  1999.  Touring Virginia’s and West Virginia’s Civil War Sites.  Winston-Salem, N.C.: John F. Blair.  407 pp.

Johnson, Mary E., and Joe Geiger, Jr.  2000.  “West Virginia’s Militia and Home Guard in the Civil War” [includes muster lists for Barbour, Boone, Braxton, and Brooke Cos., pp. 79-167].  West Virginia History 58 (1999-2000): 68-167.

Johnson, Uzal.  2011.  Captured at Kings Mountain: The Journal of Uzal Johnson, a Loyalist Surgeon [1780, Battle of Kings Mountain].  Edited by Wade S. Kolb and Robert M. Weir.  Columbia: University of South Carolina Press.  182 pp.

Jones, Carroll C.  2009.  The 25th North Carolina Troops in the Civil War: History and Roster of a Mountain-Bred Regiment.  Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland.  314 pp.  Comprised of troops from Buncombe, Haywood, Henderson, Jackson, Cherokee, and Transylvania Counties, N.C., and counties in northwest Georgia.

Jones, Carroll.  2010.  Captain Lenoir’s Diary: Tom Lenoir and His Civil War Company from Western North Carolina [“Haywood Highlanders”].  Wilmington, N.C.: Winoca Press.  478 pp.  Confederate Infantry Regiment 25th, Company F.

Jones, James B.  2006.  Tennessee Civil War Sourcebook [online resource].  http://www.tennessee.civilwarsourcebook.com/.  7000 primary source entries include diaries, newspapers, Civil War records, ship logs, letters, and historical articles.

Jones, James B., Jr.  2004.  “‘Fevers Ran High’: The Civil War in the Cumberland” [Ky., Tenn.].  In Rural Life and Culture in the Upper Cumberland, ed. M. Birdwell and W. Dickinson, 73-104.  Lexington: University Press of Kentucky.

Jones, K. Randell, and James T. Broyhill.  2011.  Before They Were Heroes at King’s Mountain [Overmountain Men; 1780].  Winston-Salem, N.C.: Daniel Boone Footsteps.  588 pp.  This unabridged edition is a compilation of three regional/state editions.

Jones, William S.  2008.  “The Civil War in Van Buren County, 1861-1865.”   Tennessee Historical Quarterly 67, no. 1 (Spring): 56-64.

Jordan, Weymouth T., Jr.  2000.  “‘O what a turbill affair’: Alexander W. Reynolds and His North Carolina-Virginia Brigade at Missionary Ridge, Tennessee, November 25, 1863" [re-examines Reynold’s role as scapegoat in Confederate defeat].  North Carolina Historical Review 77 (July): 312-336.

Kanon, Tom.  1999.  “‘Glories in the Field’: John Cocke vs. Andrew Jackson during The War of 1812.”  Journal of East Tennessee History 71: 47-65.

Keith, Jeannette.  2001.  “The Politics of Southern Draft Resistance, 1917-1918: Class, Race, and Conscription in the Rural South.”  Journal of American History 87 (March): 1335-1361.

Keller, S. Roger.  2000.  Isaac Shelby: A Driving Force in America’s Struggle for Independence [biography].  Shippensburg, Pa.: Burd Street Press. 120 p.  “A native of Maryland and later resident of the Carolinas, Isaac Shelby fought in three wars: Lord Dunmore’s, the American Revolution, and the War of 1812.  After leading Kentucky to statehood he served as her first governor.”

Kelley, Lucas P.  2012.  “A Divided State in a Divided Nation: An Exploration of East Tennessee’s Support of the Union in the Secession Crisis of 1860-1861.”  Journal Of East Tennessee History 84: 3-22.

Kesterson, Brian Stuart.  2009.  West Virginia National Guard, 1898-1919 [pictorial retrospective].  Charleston, S.C.: Arcadia.  127 pp.

Kiefer, Geraldine Wojno, and James K. Bryant II.  2010.  “Strategy and Sublimity: A Gallery of Valley Pike Images during the Civil War.”  Chap. 5 in The Great Valley Road of Virginia: Shenandoah Landscapes from Prehistory to the Present, ed. W. Hofstra and K. Raitz, 135-152.  Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press.

Kilborn, Peter T.  2003.  “Town Holds Ex-P.O.W. in a Close Embrace” [Jessica Lynch; Palestine, W.Va.].  New York Times, 13 June, 24(A).

King-Owen, Scott.  2011.  “Conditional Confederates: Absenteeism among Western North Carolina Soldiers, 1861–1865” [tables].  Civil War History 57, no. 4 (December): 349-379.

Kopperman, Paul E.  [1977] 2003.  Braddock at the Monongahela.  Reprint.  Pittsburgh, Pa.: University of Pittsburgh Press.  352 pp.  Account of the 1755 French and Indian defeat of Gen. Edward Braddock’s army while marching on French Fort Duquesne.

Kraus, Michael G., David M. Neville, and Kenneth C. Turner.  2012.  The Civil War in Pennsylvania: A Photographic History.  Pittsburgh, Pa.: Senator John Heinz History Center.  312 pp.  Contents: From Frontier Colony to the Threshold of War | The War till Gettysburg | Defending the State | Emancipation to War’s End | Aftermath.  “Most of the images are from private collectors and have never been published.”

Lambert, Lois J.  2005.  Ninety-First Ohio Volunteer Infantry: With the Civil War Letters of Lieutenant Colonel Benjamin Franklin Coates and an Annotated Roster of the Men of Company C [recruits from Adams, Scioto, Lawrence, Gallia, Jackson, and Pike Cos.].  Milford, Ohio: Little Miami Publishing Co.  209 pp.

Lang, Phyllis Martin.  2001.  “‘My Dear Mother’: The Civil War Letters of Thomas Walton Patton” [60th North Carolina Regiment].  In May We All Remember Well: A Journal of the History & Cultures of Western North Carolina, Vol. 2, ed. R. S. Brunk, 10-34.  Asheville, N.C.: Robert S. Brunk Auction Services, Inc.

Laver, Harry S.  2008.  Citizens More Than Soldiers: The Kentucky Militia and Society in the Early Republic.  Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.  216 pp.

Lawton, Christopher R.  2008.  “The Pilgrim’s Progress: Thomas J. Jackson’s Journey Toward Civility and Citizenship” [later “Stonewall” Jackson].  Virginia Magazine of History and Biography 116, no. 1 (January): 2-41.  Details Jackson’s life from orphan in [West] Virginia to West Point to gentleman in 1850s Lexington, Va.

Lee, David D.  [1985] 2002.  Sergeant York: An American Hero [1887-1964; WWI].  Reprint.  Lexington: University Press of Kentucky.  162 pp.

Lee, Tom.  2010.  “The Lost Cause That Wasn’t: East Tennessee and the Myth of Unionist Appalachia.”  Chap. 11 in Reconstructing Appalachia: The Civil War’s Aftermath, ed. A. Slap, 293-322.  Lexington: University Press of Kentucky.

Lepa, Jack H.  The Shenandoah Valley Campaign of 1864.  Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland.  252 pp.

Lesser, W. Hunter.  2004.  Rebels at the Gate: Lee and McClellan on the Front Line of a Nation Divided [1861; western Va.].  Naperville, Ill.: Sourcebooks.  375 pp.

Lewis, Patrick A.  2009.  “‘All Men of Decency Ought to Quit the Army’: Benjamin F. Buckner, Manhood, and Proslavery Unionism in Kentucky” [Winchester, Clark Co.].  Register of the Kentucky Historical Society 107, no. 4 (Autumn): 513-549.

Lilly, John.  2001.  “USS West Virginia: A Tale of Three Ships” [1903-1920; 1923-1941; raised and refitted 1943-1947; 1990 (submarine).  Goldenseal: West Virginia Traditional Life 27 (Winter): 16-21.  http://www.wvculture.org/history/usswv/usswv.html.

Linton, Roger C.  2004.  Chickamauga: A Battlefield History in Images [1863; guidebook; historical photographs].  Athens: University of Georgia Press.  160 pp.

Lollis, Edward W.  2009.  “The Oak Ridge International Friendship Bell.”  In The Atomic Bomb and American Society: New Perspectives, ed. R. Mariner and G. Piehler, 344-380.  Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press.  Story of the controversial, large bronze bell cast in Japan, dedicated in 1996 as a public monument in Oak Ridge, Tenn., and inscribed with two panels symbolizing Tennessee and Japan.

Long, Kate.  2010.  “Phyllis and Carl Guthrie: A Wartime Romance.”  Goldenseal: West Virginia Traditional Life 36, no. 1 (Spring): 8-13.  WWII, South Charleston, Naval Ordnance plant “Rosie the Riveter” job.  Sidebar: “U.S. Naval Ordnance Plant: A Brief History,” 14-15.

Lowry, Terry, and Stan Cohen.  2000.  Images of the Civil War in West Virginia [475 photos, images, drawings].  Charleston, W.Va.: Quarrier Press.  206 pp.

Lowry, Terry.  [1985] 2011.  September Blood: The Battle of Carnifex Ferry [1861].  Reprint, with a new introduction by the author.  Charleston, W.Va: Quarrier Press.  170 pp.

Lucas, Marion B.  2001.  “John G. Fee, the Berea Exiles, and the 1862 Confederate Invasion of Kentucky” [abolitionist founder of Berea College].  Filson Club Quarterly 75 (Spring): 155-180.

Lynch, Michael.  2009.  “Creating Regional Heroes: Traditional Interpretations of the Battle of King’s Mountain” [1780; backcountry mountaineers].  Tennessee Historical Quarterly 68, no. 3 (Fall): 224-249.

MacKenzie, Scott A.  2010.  “The Slaveholders’ War: The Secession Crisis in Kanawha County, Western Virginia, 1860-1861” [map, tables].  West Virginia History: A Journal of Regional Studies, new series, vol. 4, no. 1 (Spring): 33-57.  “While salt furnaces substituted for cotton plantations there, local slaveholders exhibited many of the same traits as their eastern counterparts.”

Mackey, Robert R.  2004.  The Uncivil War: Irregular Warfare in the Upper South, 1861-1865 [three case studies: Arkansas; Mosby’s Rangers; Forrest and Morgan].  Campaigns and Commanders Series.  Norman: University of Oklahoma Press.  288 pp.

Madarasz, Anne.  2011.  “Offerings” [at Flight 93 Memorial, Shanksville, Pa.].  Western Pennsylvania History 94, no. 3 (Fall): 37-41.  Efforts to collect and save artifacts left in tribute at the 9/11/01 crash site, as is done with offerings left at the Vietnam Veterans Memorial Wall in Washington, D.C.

Mahon, Michael.  2005.  “The Shenandoah Valley of Virginia.”  In Virginia at War, 1861, ed.  W. Davis and J. Robertson, 131-147.  Lexington: University Press of Kentucky.

Mann, Ralph.  1997.  “Ezekiel Counts’s Sand Lick Company: Civil War and Localism in the Mountain South” [Va.; desertion].  In The Civil War in Appalachia: Collected Essays, ed. K. Noe and S. Wilson, 78-103.  Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press.

Manufactured History: Re-Fighting the Battle of Point Pleasant [1774; western Va.].  1997.  West Virginia History 56: 76-87.  Debate over whether this was the first battle of the American Revolution.

Marshall, Anne E.  2010.  “Civil War Memory in Eastern Kentucky is ‘Predominately White’: The Confederate Flag in Unionist Appalachia.”  Chap. 13 in Reconstructing Appalachia: The Civil War’s Aftermath, ed. A. Slap, 349-366.  Lexington: University Press of Kentucky.

Marshall, Anne E.  2010.  Creating a Confederate Kentucky: The Lost Cause and Civil War Memory in a Border State.  Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.  233 pp.  Contents: A marked change in the sentiments of the people: slavery, Civil War, and emancipation in Kentucky, 1792-1865 -- The rebel spirit in Kentucky: the politics of readjustment, 1865-1877 -- Wicked and lawless men: violence and Confederate identity, 1865-1885 -- What shall be the moral to young Kentuckians? Civil War memorial activity in the commonwealth, 1865-1895 -- Two Kentuckys: Civil War identity in Appalachian Kentucky, 1865-1915 -- A place full of colored people, pretty girls, and polite men: literature, Confederate identity, and Kentucky’s reputation, 1890-1915 -- A manifest aversion to the Union cause: war memory in Kentucky, 1895-1935.

Mays, Thomas D.  1998.  The Saltville Massacre [Va.; African American soldiers; 1864].  Civil War Campaigns and Commanders Series.  Abilene, Tex.: McWhiney Foundation Press.  91 pp.

Mays, Thomas D.  2008.  Cumberland Blood: Champ Ferguson’s Civil War [1821-1865].  Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press.  194 pp.  Notorious Ky. guerilla, criminal, and killer; Ky./Tenn. borderland.

McAIntire, Dennis P.  2002.  Lee at Chattanooga: A Novel of What Might Have Been [1863 Battle].  Nashville, Tenn.: Cumberland House.  276 pp.

McClellan, George B.  [1864] 2008.  Report of Maj.-Gen. George B. McClellan, August 4, 1863: With an Account of the Campaign in Western Virginia.  Proctorville, Ohio: M.S. Phillips. 74 pp.  Originally published: New York: Sheldon & Co.

McGee, David H.  1997.  “‘Home and Friends’: Kinship, Community, and Elite Women in Caldwell County, North Carolina, during the Civil War.”  North Carolina Historical Review74 (October): 363-388.

McGehee, C. Stuart.  2005.  “The Tarnished Thirty-Fifth Star” [W.Va. statehood].  In Virginia at War, 1861, ed. W. Davis and J. Robertson, 149-157.  Lexington: University Press of Kentucky.

McGehee, Stuart.  2008.  “Marching to Glory: Bluefield’s American Legion Junior Drum & Bugle Corps.”  Goldenseal: West Virginia Traditional Life 34, no. 3 (Fall): 58-63.  Competitions, 1930s-1950s.

McGinty, Brian.  2009.  John Brown’s Trial [Harpers Ferry (W.)Va., 1859].  Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press.  350 pp.

McGuire, Samuel B.  2012.  “‘Rally Union Men in Defence of your State!’: Appalachian Militiamen in the Kirk-Holden War, 1870.”  Appalachian Journal 39, no. 3-4 (Spring/Summer): 294-323.  “The same negative stereotypes espoused by critics of Kirk’s troops in and outside the mountain South would, in time, come to stereotype all Southern mountaineers.”

McKain, David L.  2004.  The Civil War and Northwestern Virginia: The Military, Political and Economic Events Surrounding the Creation of West Virginia, and the Role of Parkersburg, West Virginia in Those Events.  Parkersburg, W.Va.: D. L. McKain.  203 pp.  With illustrations, timeline, and 25 appendices.

McKenzie, Robert Tracy.  1997.  “‘Oh! Ours Is a Deplorable Condition’: The Economic Impact of the Civil War in Upper East Tennessee.”  In The Civil War in Appalachia: Collected Essays, ed. K. Noe and S. Wilson, 199-226.  Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press.

McKenzie, Robert Tracy.  2001.  “Prudent Silence and Strict Neutrality: The Parameters of Unionism in Parson Brownlow’s Knoxville, 1860-1863.”  In Enemies of the Country: New Perspectives on Unionists in the Civil War South, ed. J. Inscoe and R. Kenzer, 73-96.  Athens: University of Georgia Press.

McKenzie, Robert Tracy.  2002.  “Contesting Secession: Parson Brownlow and the Rhetoric of Proslavery Unionism, 1860-1861” [East Tenn.].  Civil War History 48 (December): 294-312.

McKenzie, Robert Tracy.  2006.  “A Teenage Confederate Experiences Union Occupation: The Diary of Susan Amelia Ramsey, September 1863-April 1864” [Knoxville].  Journal of East Tennessee History 78: 60-72.

McKenzie, Robert Tracy.  2006.  Lincolnites and Rebels: A Divided Town in the American Civil War [Knoxville, Tenn., violence].  New York: Oxford University Press.  306 pp.

McKinney, Gordon B.  1997.  “Premature Industrialization in Appalachia: The Asheville Armory, 1862-1863.”  In The Civil War in Appalachia: Collected Essays, ed. K. Noe and S. Wilson, 227-241.  Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press.

McKinney, Gordon B.  2004.  “The Civil War and Reconstruction.”  In High Mountains Rising: Appalachia in Time and Place, ed. R. Straw and H. Blethen, 46-58.  Urbana: University of Illinois Press.

McKinney, Gordon B.  2005.  “Layers of Loyalty: Confederate Nationalism and Amnesty Letters from Western North Carolina.”  Civil War History 51, no. 1: 5-22.

McKinney, Gordon B.  2010.  “Introduction: Appalachia, 1865-1910.”  In Reconstructing Appalachia: The Civil War’s Aftermath, ed. A. Slap, 1-22.  Lexington: University Press of Kentucky.

McKinney, Tim.  2000.  West Virginia Civil War Almanac. Vol. 2  [soldiers register]. Charleston, W.Va.: Pictorial Histories Publishing Company.

McKinney, Tim.  2004.  The Civil War in Greenbrier County, West Virginia.  Charleston, W.Va.: Quarrier Press.  416 pp.

McKnight, Brian D.  2005.  “Hope and Humiliation: Humphrey Marshall and the Confederacy's Last Chance in Eastern Kentucky” [1862; inability to recruit Ky. troops].  Ohio Valley History  5, no. 3 (Fall): 3-20.

McKnight, Brian Dallas.  [2006] 2012.  Contested Borderland: The Civil War in Appalachian Kentucky and Virginia [ambivalent allegiance; guerrilla warfare].  Reprint.  Lexington: University Press of Kentucky.  312 pp.

McKnight, Brian Dallas.  2011.  Confederate Outlaw: Champ Ferguson and the Civil War in Appalachia [1821-1865 (hanged)].  Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press.  252 pp.  Contents: The “natural man” -- Exiled to Tennessee -- Fight on the Cumberland -- The tensions of the borderland -- Stability and partition -- Lessons of perseverance -- The borderland guerrilla lifestyle -- A terrible career’s grand climax -- Revelation of a clear conscience -- Quiet resurrections of an unlikely hero.  “Hollywood used Ferguson’s life to create the composite role played by Clint Eastwood in The Outlaw Josey Wales.”  See also: Thomas D. Mays,  Cumberland Blood: Champ Ferguson’s Civil War (Southern Illinois University Press, 2008).

Miller, E. Lynn.  2003.  Fresh Fish: A Civil War Prisoner’s Story [Confederate soldier Isaac Moore Gregory (1830-1908) from Braxton Co., W.Va.].  Parsons, W.Va.: McClain Printing Company.  150 pp.

Mosgrove, George Dallas.  [1895] 1999.  Kentucky Cavaliers in Dixie: Reminiscences of a Confederate Cavalryman [1862-1865; eastern Tenn., Ky., western Va.].  Reprint. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.  282 pp.  Originally published: Louisville, Ky.: Courier-Journal Job Printing Co.

Murfin, James V.  [1965] 2004.  The Gleam of Bayonets: The Battle of Antietam and Robert E. Lee’s Maryland Campaign, September 1862.  Introduction by James I. Robertson, Jr.  Reprint, with a new foreword by Scott Hartwig.  Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press.  451 pp.  Originally published: New York: T. Yoseloff.

Naron, Levi H.  2005.  Chickasaw, A Mississippi Scout for the Union: The Civil War Memoir of Levi H. Naron.  As recounted by R. W. Surby; edited by Thomas D. Cockrell and Michael B. Ballard.  Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press.  181 pp.

Nash, Steven E.  2010.  “‘The Other War Was but the Beginning’: The Politics of Loyalty in Western North Carolina, 1865-1867.”  Chap. 4 in Reconstructing Appalachia: The Civil War’s Aftermath, ed. A. Slap, 105-134.  Lexington: University Press of Kentucky.

Nelson, Kelli.  2012.  “‘In Tongues of Stone’: Civil War Monuments and the Evolution of Historical Memory in East Tennessee, 1890-1931.”  Journal Of East Tennessee History 84: 40-62.

Nelson, Truman.  [1973] 2009.  The Old Man: John Brown at Harper’s Ferry [(W.)Va.; biography].  Chicago, Ill.: Haymarket.  304 pp.  Originally published: New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston.

Nicholls, Lewis D.  2006.  A Masterful Retreat: The Story of the 7th Division’s Retreat Across Eastern Kentucky from Sept. 17 - Oct. 3, 1862 [Cumberland Gap Campaign].  Ashland, Ky.?: Avant Garde Publishing.  181 pp.

Noe, Kenneth W.  1997.  “Exterminating Savages: The Union Army and Mountain Guerrillas in Southern West Virginia, 1861-1862.”  In The Civil War in Appalachia: Collected Essays, ed. K. Noe and S. Wilson, 104-130.  Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press.

Noe, Kenneth W.  [1999] 2001.  “‘Deadened Color and Colder Horror’: Rebecca Harding Davis and the Myth of Unionist Appalachia.”  In Back Talk from Appalachia: Confronting Stereotypes, ed. D. Billings, G. Norman, and K. Ledford, 67-84.  Lexington: University Press of Kentucky.  Originally published as Confronting Appalachian Stereotypes.

Noe, Kenneth W.  2003.  “Who Were the Bushwhackers? Age, Class, Kin, and Western Virginia's Confederate Guerrillas, 1861-1862.”  Civil War History 49 (March): 5-31.

Noe, Kenneth W.  2003.  Perryville: This Grand Havoc of Battle [Ky.’s fateful battle].  Lexington: University Press of Kentucky.  494 pp.

Noe, Kenneth W., and Shannon H. Wilson, ed.  1997.  The Civil War in Appalachia: Collected Essays.  Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press.  320 pp.

Noe, Kenneth W., and Shannon H. Wilson.  1997.  “Introduction: Appalachia’s Civil War in Historical Perspective.”  In The Civil War in Appalachia: Collected Essays, ed. K. Noe and S. Wilson, xi-xxxiii.  Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press.

O’Brien, Sean Michael.  1999.  Mountain Partisans: Guerrilla Warfare in the Southern Appalachians, 1861-1865.  Westport, Conn.: Praeger Publishers.  221 pp.

O’Bryant, Jeff.  2009.  A Brief History of Catoosa County: Up into the Hills [Ga.; site of Battle of Chickamauga, 1863].  Charleston, S.C.: History Press.  157 pp.

O’Connor, Miriah.  2012.  “Theresa O’Brien’s Diary: Love and Devotion Behind the Line.”  Western Pennsylvania History 95, no. 2 (Summer): 30-41.  She accompanied her husband during a nine-month enlistment in 1862, and describes daily activities and military life.

Opdycke, Emerson.  2003.  To Battle for God and the Right: The Civil War Letterbooks of Emerson Opdycke [Brigadier General, Army of the Cumberland; Tenn., Ga.].  Urbana: University of Illinois Press.  332 pp.

Osborn, Kyle.  2010.  “Reconstructing Race: Parson Brownlow and the Rhetoric of Race in Postwar East Tennessee.  Chap. 6 in Reconstructing Appalachia: The Civil War’s Aftermath, ed. A. Slap, 163-183.  Lexington: University Press of Kentucky.

Osborn, Richard.  2008.  “William Preston, Revolutionary (1779-1780).”  The Smithfield Review: Studies in the History of the Region West of the Blue Ridge  12: 5-33.  Virginia frontier militia leader; Montgomery County.

Parker, Robert W., and Catherine M. Wright.  2008.  Lee’s Last Casualty: The Life and Letters of Sgt. Robert W. Parker, Second Virginia Cavalry.  Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press.  240 pp.  The “Confederate Everyman”; Bedford County, Va.

Patchan, Scott C.  2007.  Shenandoah Summer: The 1864 Valley Campaign.  Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.  394 pp.

Pearson, Brooks C.  2005.  “Comparative Accuracy in Four Civil War Maps of the Shenandoah Valley: A GIS Analysis” [1862 campaign; Shenandoah River].  Professional Geographer 57, no. 3 (August): 376-394.

Perry, Robert.  1998.  Jack May’s War: Colonel Andrew Jackson May and the Civil War in Eastern Kentucky, Eastern Tennessee, and Southwestern Virginia.  Johnson City, Tenn.: Overmountain Press.  249 pp.

Piatt, G. Sam, ed.  2012.  Men of Valor: Combat Stories of WWII Veterans from Southern Ohio and Eastern Kentucky.  Ashland, Ky.: Jesse Stuart Foundation.  310  pp.  “...more than sixty-five local combat veterans...share their experiences.”

Porter, John Marion.  2011.  One of Morgan’s Men: Memoirs of Lieutenant John M. Porter of the Ninth Kentucky Cavalry [Confederate raider John Hunt Morgan].  Edited by Kent Masterson Brown.  Lexington: University Press of Kentucky.  300 pp.

Power, J. Tracy.  2005.  Stonewall Jackson: Hero of the Confederacy [juvenile literature].  Library of American Lives and Times.  New York: PowerPlus Books.  112 pp.

Preston, John David.  2008.  The Civil War in the Big Sandy Valley of Kentucky.  2nd ed.  Baltimore, Md.: Gateway Press.  520 pp.

Rafuse, Ethan Sepp.  2008.  Antietam, South Mountain, and Harpers Ferry: A Battlefield Guide. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.  263 pp.

Ramsey, J. G. M.  [1954] 2002.  Dr. J. G. M. Ramsey: Autobiography and Letters [1797-1884; East Tenn.].  Introduction by Robert Tracy McKenzie.  Appalachian Echoes.  Reprint.  Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press.  367 pp.  Originally published by the Tennessee Historical Commission.

Rawling, C. J.  [1887] 2002.  History of the First Regiment Virginia Infantry.  Reprint, with an introduction by Tim McKinney.  Charleston, W.Va.: Quarrier Press.  320 pp.  Originally published: Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott Company. (Note: the spine title and book jacket title of this reprint reads History of the First Regiment West Virginia Infantry)

Reardon, Carol.  2003.  “David Emmons Johnston: A Soldier’s Life in the Confederate Army” [b. 1845, Giles Co., Va.].  In The Human Tradition in the Old South, ed. J. Klotter, 169-185.  Wilmington, Del.: Scholarly Resources.

Reasoner, James.  2002.  Chickamauga [historical fiction; 1863; Ga., Va.].  Civil War Battle Series, no. 7.  Nashville, Tenn.: Cumberland House.  394 pp.

Rice, Connie Park.  2012.  “Letters from a Father: Col. Joseph Snider to Miss Mary Edith Snider” [1862-1864].  West Virginia History: A Journal of Regional Studies, new series, vol. 6, no. 1 (Spring): 73-86.  Reprints of ten letters to his daughter from Joseph Snider (b. 1827, Monongalia Co.) of the Seventh West Virginia Infantry and Fourth West Virginia Cavalry.

Ridenour, Hugh.  2012.  “Garlin M. Conner: The Elusive Medal of Honor” [1919-1998; Clinton Co., Ky.].  Register of the Kentucky Historical Society 110, no. 1 (Winter): 67-91.  Summary of distinguished WWII combat record.  “That Conner is an American hero with a war record equaled by very few other soldiers is undisputed.”

Robertson, George F.  19--?  [1932].  A Small Boy’s Recollections of the Civil War (War Between the States) [Greeneville, Tenn.].  Reprint place and publisher unknown.  116 pp.  Originally published: Clover, S.C.: G.F. Robertson.

Robertson, James I., Jr.  2001.  Standing Like a Stone Wall: The Life of General Thomas J. Jackson [1824-1863; juvenile literature; W.Va.].  New York: Atheneum. 185 pp.

Robertson, James I., Jr.  2005.  “John Preston Sheffey and the Civil War in Southwestern Virginia” [discusses letters home to Marion, Va., from a Confederate junior officer].  Smithfield Review: Studies in the History of the Region West of the Blue Ridge 9: 5-17.

Robinson, Shirley.  2011.  “‘We Have Been Looking For You a Long Time’: Union Soldiers and Identity Formation in the Appalachian South.”  Journal Of East Tennessee History 83: 3-24.  Northerners’ changed perceptions of the Appalachian South.

Rogers, Stephen T.  2010.  “Tilghman Vestal: Tennessee Potter and Civil War Conscientious Objector” [Quaker; Surry Co.].  Tennessee Historical Quarterly 69, no. 1 (Spring): 2-17.

Rubin, Ben.  2010.  “The Rhetoric of Revenge: Atrocity and Identity in the Revolutionary Carolinas.”  Journal of Backcountry Studies (online), vol 5, no. 2 (Fall): 46 pp.  Battle of Kings Mountain; 1780-81; Whig and Tory viewpoints from the journals of two young men.  http://libjournal.uncg.edu/ojs/index.php/jbc/issue/view/17.

Sandow, Robert M.  2009.  Deserter Country: Civil War Opposition in the Pennsylvania Appalachians.  New York: Fordham University Press.  234 pp.  Contents: The lumber region as Pennsylvania’s Appalachia -- Patterns of protest: the raftsmen’s rebellion of 1857 -- The limits of patriotism: early mobilization in the mountains -- The rhetoric of loyalty: partisan perspectives on treason -- Everyday resistance in Pennsylvania’s deserter country -- “Collisions with the people”: federal intervention in deserter country -- Epilogue: contested memories of the Civil War.

Sandow, Robert M.  2010.  “‘Grudges and Loyalties Die So Slowly’: Contested Memories of the Civil War in Pennsylvania’s Appalachia.”  Chap. 10 in Reconstructing Appalachia: The Civil War’s Aftermath, ed. A. Slap, 269-292.  Lexington: University Press of Kentucky.

Sarris, Jonathan D.  1999.  “‘ Shot for Being Bushwhackers’: Guerrilla War and Extralegal Violence in a North Georgia Community, 1862-1865” [Lumpkin Co.].  In Guerrillas, Unionists, and Violence on the Confederate Home Front, ed. D. Sutherland, 31-44.  Fayetteville: University of Arkansas Press.

Sarris, Jonathan Dean.  2006.  A Separate Civil War: Communities in Conflict in the Mountain South [North Ga.; Fannin and Lumpkin Cos.].  A Nation Divided.  Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press.  238 pp.

Sarris, Jonathan.  1997.  “An Execution in Lumpkin County: Localized Loyalties in North Georgia’s Civil War.”  In The Civil War in Appalachia: Collected Essays, ed. K. Noe and S. Wilson, 131-157.  Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press.

Sauers, Richard Allen.  2000.  The Devastating Hand of War: Romney, West Virginia, During the Civil War [Hampshire Co.].  2nd ed.  Glen Ferris, W.Va: Gauley Mount Press.  115 pp.

Scoggins, Michael C.  2005.  The Day It Rained Militia: Huck’s Defeat and the Revolution in the South Carolina Backcountry, May-July 1780 [York Co.]. Charleston, S.C.: History Press.  316 pp.

Sears, Richard D.  2002.  Camp Nelson, Kentucky: A Civil War History [Jessamine Co.; black recruiting and emancipation center].  Lexington: University Press of Kentucky.  401 pp.

Severance, Ben H.  2005.  Tennessee’s Radical Army: The State Guard and Its Role in Reconstruction, 1867-1869 [most mustered in East Tenn.].  Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press.  327 pp.

Seymour, Digby Gordon.  [1963, 1982] 2002.  Divided Loyalties: Fort Sanders and the Civil War in East Tennessee [1863; Knoxville].  3rd ed.  Knoxville: East Tennessee Historical Society.  241 pp.  First published by University of Tennessee Press.

Shaffer, John W.  2003.  Clash of Loyalties: A Border County in the Civil War [Barbour Co., W.Va.].  West Virginia and Appalachia series, no. 3.  Morgantown: West Virginia University Press.  264 pp.

Sheffey, John Preston.  2004.  Soldier of Southwestern Virginia: The Civil War Letters of Captain John Preston Sheffey [Confederate Army, 8th Virginia Cavalry Regiment].  Edited by James I. Robertson, Jr.  Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press.  239 pp.

Showalter, Henry.  2006.  “Montgomery County in August 1862: A Showalter Observation” [Va.; Confederate draft; Mennonite pacifist reactions in a personal letter, reprinted].  Edited by James I. Robertson, Jr.  Smithfield Review: Studies in the History of the Region West of the Blue Ridge 10: 33-37.

Sinco, Luis.  2007.  “Rescue Operation Aims to Save a Wounded Warrior” [Iraq; native of Jonancy, Ky.].  Los Angeles Times, 12 November.  3264 words; second of two parts.  Story excerpted in Appalachian Journal 35, no.3 (Spring 2008): 157-159.  http://www.latimes.com/news/nationworld/nation/la-na-marlboro12nov12,0,4839662.story.

Sinco, Luis.  2007.  “Two Lives Blurred Together by a Photo.”  Los Angeles Times, 11 November.  2859 words; first of two parts.  Story excerpted in Appalachian Journal 35, no.3 (Spring 2008): 153-157.  Iraq veteran James Blake Miller, subject of iconic/ironic “Marlboro Marine” combat photo, discharged suffering from PTSD.  http://www.latimes.com/news/nationworld/nation/la-na-marlboro11nov11,0,4380908.story.

Slap, Andrew L, ed.  2010.  Reconstructing Appalachia: The Civil War’s Aftermath [14 papers].  New Directions in Southern History series.  Lexington: University Press of Kentucky.  379 pp.  [Compare this book, as a sequel, to Civil War in Appalachia: Collected Essays, ed. K. Noe and S. Wilson (University of Tennessee Press, 1997)].

Slap, Andrew L.  2010.  “A New Frontier: Historians, Appalachian History, and the Aftermath of the Civil War.”  Chap. 1 in Reconstructing Appalachia: The Civil War’s Aftermath, ed. A. Slap, 23-48.  Lexington: University Press of Kentucky.

Smith, Marion O.  1997.  “In Quest of a Supply of Saltpeter and Gunpowder in Early Civil War Tennessee.”   Tennessee Historical Quarterly 56 (Summer): 96-111.

Smith, Timothy B.  2009.  A Chickamauga Memorial: The Establishment of America’s First Civil War National Military Park [Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park, Ga./Tenn.].  Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press.  211 pp.

Snell, Mark A.  2011.  West Virginia and the Civil War: Mountaineers Are Always Free.  Charleston, S.C.: History Press.  255 pp.  Contents: “Let us organize a legislature” -- The first campaign and other firsts -- “There stands Jackson like a stone wall”: (West) Virginians at Manassas -- Toward statehood -- West Virginians at war, 1862 -- 1863, the thirty-fifth star in the flag -- West Virginians at war: spring and summer 1864 -- “Follow him to the death”: the end of the war and beyond -- Epilogue. Mountaineers remember their war.

Speer, Allen Paul, comp. and ed.  1997.  Voices from Cemetery Hill: The Civil War Diary, Reports, and Letters of Colonel William Henry Asbury Speer (1861-1864)  [of Yadkin Co., N.C.].  Johnson City, Tenn.: Overmountain Press.  235 pp.

Speer, Ed.  2002.  “Tennessee Notes: The Private War of Lafayette Jones: A Civil War Tragedy in Northeast Tennessee” [Johnson and Carter Cos.].  Tennessee Historical Quarterly 61 (Winter): 290-301.

Spencer, James.  2011.  “Victory Loan Tour of 1945.”  Goldenseal: West Virginia Traditional Life 37, no. 3 (Fall): 42-47.  Six national train tour bond drives “raised approximately $21 billion...to pay down the national debt following World War II,” making “several stops in West Virginia.

Spruill, Matt.  2003.  Storming the Heights: A Guide to the Battle of Chattanooga [1863].  Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press.  341 pp.

Starnes, Richard D.  1997.  “‘The Stirring Strains of Dixie’: The Civil War and Southern Identity in Haywood County, North Carolina.”  North Carolina Historical Review 74 (July): 238-259.

Stephenson, Darl L.  2001.  Headquarters in the Brush: Blazer’s Independent Union Scouts [W.Va.].  Athens: Ohio University Press.  355 pp.

Stephenson, R. S.  2005.  Special issue, “Clash of the Empires: The British, French & Indian War 1754-1763.” Western Pennsylvania History 88, no. 1-2: i-ix, 1-108.  Essays, art, and photos to accompany a 250th-anniversary exhibition at the Senator John Heinz Pittsburgh Regional History Center in Pittsburgh.

Stephenson, R. Scott.  2005.  Clash of Empires: The British, French & Indian War, 1754-1763. Pittsburgh, Pa.: Senator John Heinz Pittsburgh Regional History Center. 108 pp.  Contents: An expedition to save New France -- A people between -- The storm rising in the West -- The great warpaths -- The backcountry war -- The fight for Canada -- The world on fire -- First rebels -- The triumph of Britannia? -- Canadians.  Catalogue to accompany a landmark traveling exhibit.

Stevens, Peter F.  2000.  Rebels in Blue: The Story of Keith and Malinda Blalock [N.C.; Confederate deserters and Unionists].  Dallas, Tex.: Taylor Publishing Co.  254 pp.

Storey, Margaret M.  2003.  “Civil War Unionists and the Political Culture of Loyalty in Alabama, 1860-1861” [seven subregions].  Journal of Southern History 69 (February): 71-106.

Storie, Melanie Greer.  2009.  “Heroic Courage and Unfaltering Devotion”: A Gathering of East Tennessee Veterans” [exploits recounted; 1896].  Tennessee Historical Quarterly 68, no. 2 (Summer): 174-197.

Storie, Melanie K.  2011.  “Deconstructing the Myth: The 13th Tennessee Volunteer Cavalry and the Death of General John Hunt Morgan.”  Journal Of East Tennessee History 82, (2010): 101-119.  Regiment members from Carter and Johnson Counties, Tennessee.

Strasser, William A.  1999.  “‘A Terrible Calamity Has Befallen Us’: Unionist Women in Civil War East Tennessee.”  Journal of East Tennessee History 71: 66-88.

Strasser, William A., Jr.  2000.  “‘Our Women Played Well Their Parts’: Confederate Women in Civil War East Tennessee.”  Tennessee Historical Quarterly 59 (Summer): 88-107.

Sturm, Jesse Tyler.  2002.  “From a ‘Whirlpool of Death...to Victory”: Civil War Remembrances of Jesse Tyler Sturm, 14th West Virginia Infantry [b. 1844, Marion Co., (W.)Va.; Union Army service in Shenandoah Valley].  Charleston: West Virginia History, West Virginia Division of Culture and History.  160 pp.  Originally published 1911 as a newspaper series.

Suggestions for Further Reading [bibliography: 76 books, articles, dissertations].  1997.  In The Civil War in Appalachia: Collected Essays, ed. K. Noe and S. Wilson, 265-269.  Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press.

Sutherland, Daniel E.  2009.  A Savage Conflict: The Decisive Role of Guerrillas in the American Civil War.  Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.  435 pp.  Organized chronologically and thematically.

Swisher, James K.  2008.  The Revolutionary War in the Southern Back Country [popular history].  Gretna, La.: Pelican Publishing Co.  380 pp.  Contents: Revolution -- Clash at Point Pleasant -- The Cherokee War of 1776: Unconscionable Betrayal -- Thunder on Spring Hill: The Struggle for Savannah -- The Redcoats Return to Charlestown -- The Battle of Camden: A Disparaging Defeat -- The Rise of Partisan Warfare -- Battle at Kings Mountain: The Fatal Miscalculations of Patrick Ferguson -- The Fight at Hannah’s Cowpens: A Complete Victory of Tactical Ingenuity -- Duel in North Carolina: The Battle of Guilford Court House.

Tanner, Borgon.  2001.  “Two Days That Changed Our Lives” [Dec. 7, 1941; New Martinsville, W.Va.].  Goldenseal: West Virginia Traditional Life 27 (Winter): 14-15.

Taylor, Richard.  2006.  Sue Mundy: A Novel of the Civil War.  Lexington: University Press of Kentucky.  347 pp.  Historical fiction; Ky.; guerilla warfare; i.e., Marcellus Jerome Clark.

Taylor, William D.  2008.  “A Fit Representation of Pandemonium”: East Tennessee Confederate Soldiers in the Campaign for Vicksburg [1863].  Macon, Ga.: Mercer University Press.  558 pp.

Tennessee Civil War National Heritage Area [master plan].  2002.  Special issue, Tennessee Historical Quarterly 61 (Summer): 81-153.

Trainor, Sean.  2011.  “Pennsylvania and the American Civil War: An Annotated Guide to Online Resources.”  Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography 135, no. 4 (October): 513-523.

Tucker, Spencer.  2003.  Brigadier General John D. Imboden: Confederate Commander in the Shenandoah.  Lexington: University Press of Kentucky.  372 pp.

United States.  2007.  Senate-House Joint Field Hearing on Issues Facing Veterans in the Rural Areas of Appalachia: Joint Hearing Before the Committee on Veterans’ Affairs, United States Senate, and the Committee on Veterans’ Affairs, House of Representatives, One Hundred Tenth Congress, First Session, May 29, 2007 [medical care; Ohio]. Washington: U.S. G.P.O.  50 pp.  http://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS87941.

Varat, Daniel R.  2001.  “‘Loyal to the Core’: Western North Carolina in the Great War” [WWI participation; Sergeant York].  North Carolina Historical Review 78 (July): 345-377.

Wakelyn, Jon L.  1999.  “The Politics of Violence: Unionist Pamphleteers in Virginia’s Inner Civil War” [W.Va statehood].  In Guerrillas, Unionists, and Violence on the Confederate Home Front, ed. D. Sutherland, 59-74.  Fayetteville: University of Arkansas Press.

Wallenstein, Peter.  1997.  “‘Helping to Save the Union’: The Social Origins, Wartime Experiences, and Military Impact of White Union Troops from East Tennessee.”  In The Civil War in Appalachia: Collected Essays, ed. K. Noe and S. Wilson, 1-29.  Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press.

Ward, Mary Genevieve.  [1932] 2004.  Civil War Legends of Rich Mountain and Beverly, West Virginia [Battle of Rich Mountain, 1861].  Edited by Randy Allen.  Parsons, W.Va.: McClain Printing Co.  162 pp.  Originally submitted as the author’s M.A. thesis, George Peabody College for Teachers.

Wasmer, Robert A.  2009.  “Partisan Warfare in Monroe County, Tennessee, During the Civil War: The Murder of Joseph M. Divine.”  Tennessee Historical Quarterly 68, no. 1 (Spring): 66-97.

Watford, Christopher M., ed.  2003.  The Civil War in North Carolina: Soldiers’ and Civilians’ Letters and Diaries, 1861-1865.  Volume 2: The Mountains.  Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland.  248 pp.

Watson, Thomas Shelby, with Perry A. Brantley.  2008.  Confederate Guerrilla Sue Mundy: A Biography of Kentucky Soldier Jerome Clarke [1844-1865; central Ky.].  Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland.  238 pp.

Weitz, Mark A.  2000.  “‘I Never Will Forget the Name of You’: The Home Front, Desertion, and Oath Swearing in Wartime Tennessee.”  Tennessee Historical Quarterly 59 (Spring): 38-59.

West, Stephen A.  2005.  “Minute Men, Yeomen, and the Mobilization for Secession in the South Carolina Upcountry [1860; tables].  Journal of Southern History 71, no. 1: 75-104.

Whetsell, Robert C.  2007.  “Climbing to Victory: WWII Assault Training at Seneca Rocks” [mountain training; 1943-44 Pendleton Co.].  Goldenseal: West Virginia Traditional Life 33, no. 3 (Fall): 8-15.  Sidebar: “West Virginia Maneuver Area” [100, 000 soldiers trained in a five-county mountain area, 1943-44], by Donald L. Rice, 16-17, reprinted from 1991.

Who Held Aloft This Old Banner?: The Flag of the ‘Mountain Rifles from Grainger’.  2008.  Journal of East Tennessee History 80: 60-75.  Reprinted from the Philadelphia Record, 11 June, 1911.  Civil War Confederate company flag, Grainger County.

Williams, Helen Byrnside.  2010.  “South Charleston During World War II” [memoir].  Goldenseal: West Virginia Traditional Life 36, no. 1 (Spring): 16-19.

Williams, Rusty.  2010.  My Old Confederate Home: A Respectable Place for Civil War Veterans [Kentucky].  Lexington: University Press of Kentucky.  313 pp.

Wilson, Shannon H.  1999.  “‘Sergeant York Is the Berea Kind’” [impact on Berea College when two student WWI enlistees are killed in battle].  Appalachian Heritage 27 (Winter): 6-17.

Wilson, William Albert.  2006.  “An Excerpt from ‘The Early Life of William Albert Wilson’: A Civil War Memoir of Community in Ashe County, North Carolina” [1861-1951; guerrilla warfare; family stories].  Appalachian Journal 34, no. 1 (Fall): 42-72.

Wilson, William Albert.  2007.  “The Early Years of William Albert Wilson” 61-1951].  In Neighbor to Neighbor: A Memoir of Family, Community, and Civil War in Appalachian North Carolina, ed. S. Ballard and L. Weinstein, 70-144.  Boone, N.C.: Center for Appalachian Studies, Appalachian State University.  (Reprinted from Memoirs of William Albert Wilson (His Youth), Manuscript, Ashe County Public Library, Jefferson, N.C.).

Wineman, Bradford A.  2009.  “Trains, Canals, and Turnpikes: Transportation in Civil War Virginia, 1861-1865.  In Virginia at War, 1864, ed. W. Davis and J. Robertson, 65-80.  Lexington: University Press of Kentucky.

Winkler, Gary S.  2009.  Tortured: Lynndie England, Abu Ghraib and the Photographs that Shocked the World [Iraq War, 2003].  Keyser, W.Va.: Bad Apple Books.  250 pp.  The first part of the book highlights England’s early years (b. 1982) in Fort Ashby, W.Va., adjacent Cumberland, Md.  Compare the account, I Am a Soldier, Too (2003), by Jessica Lynch of Palestine, W.Va.

Winkler, Gary S.  2009.  Tortured: Lynndie England, Abu Ghraib and the Photographs That Shocked the World [2003 Iraq; hometown: Fort Ashby, W.Va.].  Keyser, W.Va.: Bad Apple Books.  250 pp.

Wissolik, Richard David, and Barbara J. Wissolik, ed.  2007.  An Honor to Serve [WWII experiences of 45 veterans].  Publications of the Saint Vincent College Center for Northern Appalachian Studies.  Latrobe, Pa.: Saint Vincent College.  538 pp.

Wittenberg, Eric J.  2011.  The Battle of White Sulphur Springs: Averell Fails to Secure West Virginia 63].  Charleston, S.C.: History Press.  189 pp.  Union general William Averell defeated by Confederate colonel George S. Patton after a two-day battle.

Woodward, Eddie.  2003.  “An Affair of Outposts: Edward Johnson, the Army of the Northwest, and the Battle of Allegheny Mountain” [Dec. 1861].  West Virginia History 59 (2001-2003): 1-35.

Woodworth, Steven E.  1998.  Six Armies in Tennessee: The Chickamauga and Chattanooga Campaigns.  Great Campaigns of the Civil War.  Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.  257 pp.

Woodworth, Steven E., ed.  2010.  The Chickamauga Campaign 63; Ga., Tenn.].  Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press.  199  pp.  Eight essays.

Yandle, Paul D.  2010.  “William S. Pearson, Mountain North Carolina, and the Solid South.”  Introd. in Well-Nigh Reconstructed: A Political Novel, by Brinsley Matthews [rpt. of 1882], xi-lxxvi.  Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press.  Autobiographical, historical fiction; 1870s N.C.; disillusionment with Reconstruction.

Yandle,  Paul.  2010.  “‘Resistless Uprising’?: Thomas Dixon’s Uncle and Western North Carolinians as Klansmen and Statesmen.”  Chap. 5 in Reconstructing Appalachia: The Civil War’s Aftermath, ed. A. Slap, 135-161.  Lexington: University Press of Kentucky.